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People at Work _RC

People at Work and Industrial Relations

QuestionAnswer
What is the difference between 'work' and 'employment'? Work: when you do a job for somebody and do not get paid e.g. Volunteering/washing dishes. Employment: when you do a job/work in return for payment (money).
What is an 'employer'? Someone who hires (employes) staff.
What is an 'employee'? Someone who works for someone else.
Name 3 rights of an 'employee' "• Receive a fair wage. • Have safe and health working conditions. • Join a trade union. • Receive statutory minimum holidays. • Receive equality of treatment. "
State 3 resonsibilities of an 'employee' "• Do an honest days work • Be Punctual • Respect employers property • Be able to follow instructions • Polite & Friendly to colleagues • Work as part of a team "
Name 3 rights of an 'employer' 1. To dismiss an employee. 2. To hire suitable staff. 3. Expect employees to honour contracts.
State 3 resonsibilities of an 'employer' 1. To provide safe working conditions. 2. Pay a fair wage. 3. Treat employees equally. 4. Obey employment laws. 5. Keep tax records.
What is 'self employment'? When you work for yourself.
Name 2 advantages of self employment 1. Make all decisions. 2. Keep all profits.
Name 2 disadvantages of self employment 1. You may lose all the money invested. 2.May have to work long hours. 3. Can be difficult to raise capital.
Explain the term 'benefit in kind' Additional non monetary income. Also known as a perk. E.g. Company car
Explain the term 'commission' An incentive offered to employees to reach certain targets. E.g. A computer sales person may be offered 5% commision on all sales if they sell 100 computers in a month.
What do the following intitials stand for? USC, PAYE, PRSI USC = Universal Social Charge. PAYE = Pay As you Earn. PRSI = Pay Related Social Insurance
What is PRSI used for? Used by the government to pay for pensions, unemployment benefit (dole), maternity leave.
Explain the term 'basic pay' Total pay before adding additional income.
Explain the term 'overtime' Extra income for working extra hours. Usually paid at a higher hourly rate.
Explain the term 'time rate' Basic hourly pay. This is used to calculate basic pay and overtime.
What are 'industrial relations'? The relationship between employers and employees in the workplace.
What us a 'trade union'? A trade union is a group of workers who come together to represent the interest of their members. They have more bargaining power as a large group.
Name 2 Unions SIPTU = Services, Indutrial, Professional, Technical Workers Union. CPSU = Civil and Public Service Union. INTO = Irish National Teachers Organisation. ASTI = Association of Secondary School Teachers in Ireland.
State 2 functions of a trade union 1. Negotiate better pay/ working conditions 2. Provide legal advice. 3. Negotiate with the government, ie; wages, taxes, rights, etc. 4. Ensure employers enforce all laws properly 5. Financial advice/insurance "
Explain the term 'shop steward' A shop steward is an employee elected by their colleagues to be the representative between the trade union and the workers in the workplace.
State 2 functions of a Shop Steward 1. Pass on information from Union Head Office 2. Recruit new members 3. Solve problems 4. Negotiate agreements "
Name 2 reasons for disputes in the workplace Discrimination, Inequality, Unfair dismissal, Poor pay or working conditions
Name 3 third parties who may intervene in an industrial dispute 1. Conciliator 2. Arbitrator 3. Rights Commisionor 4. Labour Court 5. Equality Officer
Outline the difference between 'conciliation' and 'arbitration' Concilitor = talks with the two parties encouraging them to enter into further negotiations. Recommendation are not binding. Arbitrater = listens to both sides and offers a solution. Usually both parties agree beforehand to accept recommendations.
State the steps involved in resolving conflict in the workplace 1. Report problem to your supervisor/ manager 2. Report problem to the ‘shop steward’ who can discuss problem with management 3. Report problem to head office and trade union official will try to resolve 4. Third parties will be brought in
Created by: dqualter
 

 



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