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Nonfiction a true story
Fiction a story that is not true
Fact a statement that can be proved, such as “Mars is the fourth planet from the sun”.
Opinion a statement that reflects the writer’s belief. Ex: Mars is the most beautiful planet.
Onomatopoeia the use of words such as buzz or splash that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.
Free Verse poetry that avoids repetition of the same line length, meter, or rhyme scheme from line to line.
Lyric usually song like or personal poetry
Stanza a group of poetic lines that belong together
Alliteration repeated sounds in a passage of verse. Ex: Shelly sells seashells by the seashore.
Imagery consists of words and phrases that appeal to the readers’ 5 senses. Look, feel, sound, smell and taste.
Speaker imaginary person who speaks the words in the poem
Simile compares two things using the words “like” or “as”.
Metaphor calls one thing another without using “like” or “as”
Personification gives human qualities to animals, ideas, or things.
Irony a technique of indicating, as through character or plot development, an intention or attitude opposite to that which is actually stated. Ex: The irony of her reply, “How nice!” when I said I had to work all weekend.
First person point of view point of view in which an "I" or "we" serves as the narrator of a piece of fiction.
Third person point of view a form of storytelling in which a narrator relates all action in third person, using third person pronouns such as "he" or "she."
Static character character in a work of fiction who does not undergo substantial change or growth in the course of a story
Dynamic character the character undergoes an important, internal change because of the action in the plot
Antagonist the character who opposes the hero, or protagonist. The antagonist, when there is one, provides the story's conflict.
Protagonist the hero or narrator of the story.
Flashback a scene that describes an event that occurred before the time in which the main story is set
Foreshadowing a word used to describe clues about events yet to occur in a story
Plot events in a story particularly rendered toward the achievement of some particular artistic or emotional effect or general theme
Exposition beginning of the plot, sets the tone, establishes the setting, introduces the characters and gives important background information.
Rising action events in the plot that lead up to the climax of the story.
Climax the point in the story when the conflict comes to a head, leading to a resolution
Falling action part of the plot of the story that occurs after the climax
Resolution the end of the plot when all the loose ends are tied up
InternalConflict a mental or emotional struggle that occurs within a character.
External conflict a struggle that occurs between a character and outside forces, which could be another character or the environment
Theme main idea, or message, of an essay, paragraph, movie, or a book. The message may be about life, society, or human nature. Themes often explore timeless and universal ideas and may be implied rather than stated explicitly
Mood attitude the writer has towards the subject that he/she is writing about.
Setting the place or location where the story takes place.
Symbolism any object, person, place or action that has both meaning in itself and that stands for something larger that itself, such as an idea, belief or value.
Created by: mooredj1