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chpt.8

CMW chpt 8

QuestionAnswer
Adware Program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-up window on Web pages, e-mail, or other Internet services
Anti-spam programs Program that blocks spam and other unwanted programs Antivirus program
BIOS Basic input/output system
Cold boot Process of turning on a computer that has been powered off completely
Command-line interface Type of user interface in which a user types commands or presses special keys on the keyboard (such as function keys or key combinations) to enter data and instructions
Compressed files/zipped To shrink the size of a file
Computer virus A program or piece of code that is loaded onto your computer without your knowledge and runs against your wishes
Cross platform Program that runs the same on multiple operating systems Defragmenting
Diagnostic utility Utility program that compiles technical information about a computer's hardware and certain system software programs and then prepares a report outlining any identified problems
Disk defragmenter Utility that reorganizes the files and unused space on a computer's hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster
Disk scanner Utility that searches for and removes unnecessary files
DOS Disk operating system, an operating system originally developed for IBM personal computers
Driver Small program that tells an operating system how to communicate with a specific device
Encryption/decryption The process of encoding data and information to an unreadable form
Fault tolerant computer Computer that has duplicate components so it can continue to operate when one of its main components fail
File manager Utility that performs functions related to file management
Filters A device that allows some signals to pass through but absorbs, attenuates, blocks, rejects, or removes all other signals, Folder
Graphical user interface (GUI) Type of user interface that allows a user to interact with software using text, graphics, and visual images, such as icons
Kernel The core of an operating system that manages memory and devices, maintains the computer's clock, starts programs, and assigns the computer's resources
Malware Software that is intended to damage or disable computers and computer systems
Memory resident Remaining in memory while a computer is running
Network administrator A person who manages a local area communications network (LAN) or wide area network (WAN) for an organization Nonresident
Operating system Set of programs containing instructions that work together to coordinate all the activities among computer hardware devices
Password Private combination of characters associated with a user name that allows access to certain computer resources
Performance monitor Operating system program that assesses and reports information about various computer resources and devices
Phishing Scam in which a perpetrator attempts to obtain your personal and/or financial information
Platform Set of programs containing instructions that coordinate all the activities among computer hardware resources
Pop-up blocker Filtering program that stops pop-up ads from displaying on Web pages
Screen saver/ghosting Utility program that causes a display device's screen to show a moving image or blank screen if no mouse activity occurs for a specified time
Shortcut Icon on the desktop that provides a user with immediate access to a program or file
Single user/multitasking In reference to an operating system, allowing a single user to work on two or more programs that reside in memory at the same time
Spyware Program placed on a computer without the user's knowledge that secretly collects information about the user
System software Programs that control or maintain the operations of a computer and its devices
Trojan horse Malicious-logic program named after the Greek myth that hides within or looks like a legitimate program
User interface The portion of software that defines how a user interacts with a computer, including how the user enters data and instructions and how information is displayed on the screen
User name Unique combination of characters, such as letters of the alphabet and/or numbers, that identifies a specific user
Utility program Type of system software that allows a user to perform maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing a computer, its devices, or its programs
Virtual memory A portion of a storage medium, usually the hard disk, that the operating system allocates to function as additional RAM
Warm boot Process of using the operating system to restart a computer
Worm Malicious-logic program that copies itself repeatedly, using up system resources and possibly shutting down the system
Created by: yaztron