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CMW Flashcards Ch. 8

CMW Flashcards

QuestionAnswer
Adware Program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-up window on Web pages, e-mail, or other Internet services.
Anti-spam programs Program that blocks spam and other unwanted programs
Antivirus program Program that protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory, on storage media, or on incoming files.
BIOS Basic input/output system; firmware that contains the computer's startup instructions.
Cold boot Process of turning on a computer that has been powered off completely.
Command-line interface Type of user interface in which a user types commands or presses special keys on the keyboard (such as function keys or key combinations) to enter data and instructions.
Compressed files/zipped To shrink the size of a file.
Computer virus A program or piece of code that is loaded onto your computer without your knowledge and runs against your wishes.
Cross platform Program that runs the same on multiple operating systems
Defragmenting Reorganizing a disk so that the files are stored in contiguous sectors, thus speeding up disk access and the performance of the entire computer.
Diagnostic utility Utility program that compiles technical information about a computer's hardware and certain system software programs and then prepares a report outlining any identified problems.
Disk defragmenter Utility that reorganizes the files and unused space on a computer's hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster.
Disk scanner Utility that searches for and removes unnecessary files.
DOS Disk operating system, an operating system originally developed for IBM personal computers.
Driver Small program that tells an operating system how to communicate with a specific device.
Encryption/decryption The process of encoding data and information to an unreadable form.
Fault tolerant computer Computer that has duplicate components so it can continue to operate when one of its main components fail.
File manager Utility that performs functions related to file management.
Filters A device that allows some signals to pass through but absorbs, attenuates, blocks, rejects, or removes all other signals,
Folder In a graphical user interface (GUI), a simulated file folder that holds data, applications and other folders.
Graphical user interface (GUI) Type of user interface that allows a user to interact with software using text, graphics, and visual images, such as icons.
Kernel The core of an operating system that manages memory and devices, maintains the computer's clock, starts programs, and assigns the computer's resources.
Malware Software that is intended to damage or disable computers and computer systems.
Memory resident Remaining in memory while a computer is running.
Network administrator A person who manages a local area communications network (LAN) or wide area network (WAN) for an organization
Nonresident Instructions that remain on a hard disk until they are needed.
Operating system Set of programs containing instructions that work together to coordinate all the activities among computer hardware devices.
Password Private combination of characters associated with a user name that allows access to certain computer resources.
Performance monitor Operating system program that assesses and reports information about various computer resources and devices.
Phishing Scam in which a perpetrator attempts to obtain your personal and/or financial information.
Platform Set of programs containing instructions that coordinate all the activities among computer hardware resources.
Pop-up blocker Filtering program that stops pop-up ads from displaying on Web pages.
Screen saver/ghosting Utility program that causes a display device's screen to show a moving image or blank screen if no mouse activity occurs for a specified time.
Shortcut Icon on the desktop that provides a user with immediate access to a program or file.
Single user/multitasking In reference to an operating system, allowing a single user to work on two or more programs that reside in memory at the same time.
Single user/single tasking In reference to an operating system allowing only one user to run one program at a time.
Spyware Program placed on a computer without the user's knowledge that secretly collects information about the user.
System software Programs that control or maintain the operations of a computer and its devices.
Trojan horse Malicious-logic program named after the Greek myth that hides within or looks like a legitimate program.
User interface The portion of software that defines how a user interacts with a computer, including how the user enters data and instructions and how information is displayed on the screen.
User name Unique combination of characters, such as letters of the alphabet and/or numbers, that identifies a specific user.
Utility program Type of system software that allows a user to perform maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing a computer, its devices, or its programs.
Virtual memory A portion of a storage medium, usually the hard disk, that the operating system allocates to function as additional RAM.
Warm boot Process of using the operating system to restart a computer.
Worm Malicious-logic program that copies itself repeatedly, using up system resources and possibly shutting down the system.
Created by: oparaMK