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Chap. 8 Review

Vocabulary & Definitions

QuestionAnswer
Program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop up window on the internet Adware
Program that attempts to remove spam before it reaches a user’s inbox Anti-spam programs
Program that protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory, storage media, or incoming files Antivirus program
Basic input/output system BIOS
Process of turning on a computer that has been powered off completely Cold boot
Type of user interface in which a user types commands or special keys on the keyboard to enter data or instructions Command-line interface
A computer file that has been reduced in size by a compression software program. Compressed files/zipped
A software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer Computer virus
Program that runs on multiple operating systems Cross platform
Reorganizing a disk so that the files are stored in contiguous sectors, thus speeding up disk access and the performance of the entire computer Defragmenting
Compiles technical information about a computer’s hardware and certain system software programs and then prepares a report outlining any identified problems Diagnostic utility
Reorganizes the files and unused space on a computer’s hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster Disk defragmenter
Searches for and removes unnecessary files Disk scanner
Disk operating system DOS
Tells an operating system how to communicate with a specific device Driver
Process of converting readable data into unreadable characters to prevent unauthorized access Encryption/decryption
Computer that has to duplicate components so it can continue to operate when one of Fault tolerant computer (define & ex)
Performs functions related to file management File manager
Programs that remove or block certain things from being displayed on the internet Filters
Specific named location on a storage medium that contains related documents Folder
allows a user to interact with software using text, graphics, and visual images, such as icons Graphical user interface (GUI)
Core of an operating system that manages memory and devices, maintains the computer’s clock, starts programs, and assigns the computer’s resources Kernel
Short for, malicious software programs that act without a user’s knowledge and deliberately alter a computer’s operations. Malware
Remaining in memory while a computer is running Memory resident
Employee who configures, installs, and maintains LANs, WANs, intranets, and internet systems Network administrator
Instructions that remain on a hard disk until they are needed Nonresident
Set of programs containing instructions that work together to coordinate all the activities among computer hardware devices. Operating system
Private combination of characters associated with a username that allows access to certain computer resources. Password
Operating system program that assesses and reports information about various computer resources and devices. Performance monitor
Scam in which a perpetrator sends an official e-mail that attempts to obtain your personal and financial information. Phishing
Set of programs containing instructions that coordinate all the activities among computer hardware Platform
Filtering program that stops pop-up ads from displaying on web pages. Pop-up blocker
Utility program that causes display devices screen to show a moving image or blank screen if no mouse activity occurs for a specific time Screem saver
Icon on desktop that provides a user with immediate access to a program or file Shortcut
In reference to an operating system allowing a single user to work on two or more programs that reside in memory at the same time Single user
Program placed on a computers without the users knowledge that secretly collects information about the user Spyware
Software that serves as the interface between the user, the application software and the computer’s hardware. System software
Malicious logic program named after the Greek myth that hides within or looks like a legitimate program Trojan horse
The portion of software that defines how a user interacts with a computer, including how the user enters the data and instructions and how information is on the screen. User interface
Unique combination of characters such as letters or numbers that identifies a user User name
Type of system software that allows a user to perform a maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing a computer its devices or its programs Utility program
A portion of the storage medium, usually the hard disk, that the operating system allocates to function as additional RAM Virtual memory
Process of using the operating system to restart a computer Warm boot
Malicious-logic program that copies itself repeatedly, using up Worm
Created by: Big Daddy Jack