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Chapter 8

QuestionAnswer
Adware Program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-up window on web pages
Anti-spam programs Program that attempts to remove spam before it reaches a user’s inbox
Antivirus program Program that protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory, or storage media
BIOS Basic input output system; firmware that contains the computer’s startup instructions
Cold boot Process of turning on a computer that has been powered off completely
Command-line interface Type of user interface in which a user types commands or presses special keys on the keyboard
Compressed files/zipped To shrink the size of a file
Computer virus Potentially damaging computer program that affects or infects a computer negatively
Cross platform Program that runs the same on multiple operating systems
Defragmenting Recognizing a disc so that the files are stored in contiguous sectors, speeding up disc access
Diagnostic utility Utility program that compiled technical information about a computers hardware and certain system software programs
Disk defragmenter Utility that reorganizes the files and unused space on a computers hard disk
Disk scanner Utility that searches for and removes unnecessary files
DOS Disk operating system
Driver Small program that tells an operating system how to communicate with a specific device
Encryption/decryption Process of converting readable data into unreadable characters to prevent unauthorized access
Fault tolerant computer (define & ex) Computer that has duplicate components so it can continue to operate when one of the components fail
File manager Utility that performs functions related to file management
Filters Audio editing software feature designed to enhance audio quality
Folder Specific named location on a storage medium that contains related documents
Graphical user interface (GUI) Allows a user to interact with software using text, graphics, and visual images
Kernel Core of an operating system that manages memory and devices
Malware Program that acts without a user’s knowledge
Memory resident Remaining in memory while a computer is running
Network administrator Employee who configures, installs, and maintains LANs, WANs, intranets, and internet systems
Nonresident Instructions that remain on a hard disk until they are needed
Operating system Set of programs containing instructions that work together to coordinate all the activities among computer devices
Password Private combination of characters associated with a user name that allows access to certain computer resources
Performance monitor Operating system progam that asses and reports information about various computer resources and devices
Phishing Scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking email that attempts to obtain your personal information
Platform Set of programs containing instructions that coordinate all the activities among computer hardware resources
Pop-up blocker Filtering program that stops pop up ads from displaying on web pages
Screen saver/ghosting Utlity program that offers a display devices screen to show a moving image
Shortcut Icon on a desktop that provides a user with immediate access to a program
Single user/multitasking An operating system allowing a single user to work on two or more programs
Single user/single tasking In reference to an operating system allowing only one user to run one program at a time
Spyware [rogram placed an a computer without the users knowledge that secretly collects information about the user
System software Software that serves as the interphase between the user and the application software and the computer hardware
Trojan horse Malicious logic program named after the greek myth that hides within or looks like a legitimate program
User interface The portion of software that defines how a user interacts with a computer
User name Unique combination of characters that identifies a specific user
Utility program Type of system software that allows a user to perform maintenance type tasks
Virtual memory A portion of a storage medium that the operating system allocates to function as an additional RAM
Warm boot Process of losing the operating system to restart a computer
Worm A program that copies
Created by: Elsa_K