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8 voc

computers

QuestionAnswer
Program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop up window on the internet Adware
Program that attempts to remove spam before it reaches a user’s inbox Anti-spam programs
Program that protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory, storage media, or incoming files Antivirus program
Basic input/output system BIOS
Process of turning on a computer that has been powered off completely Cold boot
Type of user interface in which a user types commands or special keys on the keyboard to enter data or instructions Command-line interface
A computer file that has been reduced in size by a compression software program. Compressed files/zipped
A software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer Computer virus
Program that runs on multiple operating systemsReorganizing a disk so that the files are stored in contiguous sectors, thus speeding up disk access and the performance of the entire computer Cross platform
Reorganizing a disk so that the files are stored in contiguous sectors, thus speeding up disk access and the performance of the entire computer Defragmenting
Compiles technical information about a computer’s hardware and certain system software programs and then prepares a report outlining any identified problems Diagnostic utility
Reorganizes the files and unused space on a computer’s hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster Disk defragmenter
Searches for and removes unnecessary files Disk scanner
Disk operating system DOS
Tells an operating system how to communicate with a specific device Driver
Process of converting readable data into unreadable characters to prevent unauthorized access Encryption/decryption
Computer that has to duplicate components so it can continue to operate when one of STUFF Fault tolerant computer (define & ex)
Performs functions related to file management File manager
Programs that remove or block certain things from being displayed on the internet Filters
Specific named location on a storage medium that contains related documentsallows a user to interact with software using text, graphics, and visual images, such as icons Folder
Core of an operating system that manages memory and devices, maintains the computer’s clock, starts programs, and assigns the computer’s resources Graphical user interface (GUI)
Short for, malicious software programs that act without a user’s knowledge and deliberately alter a computer’s operations. Kernel
Remaining in memory while a computer is running Malware
Employee who configures, installs, and maintains LANs, WANs, intranets, and internet systems Memory resident
Set of programs containing instructions that work together to coordinate all the activities among computer hardware devices. Network administrator
Private combination of characters associated with a username that allows access to certain computer resources. Operating system
Operating system program that assesses and reports information about various computer resources and devices. Password
Scam in which a perpetrator sends an official e-mail that attempts to obtain your personal and financial information. Performance monitor
Set of programs containing instructions that coordinate all the activities among computer hardware Phishing
Filtering program that stops pop-up ads from displaying on web pages. Platform
Utility program that causes display devices screen to show a moving image or blank screen if no mouse activity occurs for a specific time Pop-up blocker
Icon on desktop that provides a user with immediate access to a program or file Screen saver/ghosting
In reference to an operating system allowing a single user to work on two or more programs that reside in memory at the same time Shortcut
In reference to an operating system allowing only one user to run one program at a time Single user/multitasking
Program placed on a computers without the users knowledge that secretly collects information about the user Single user/single tasking
Software that serves as the interface between the user, the application software and the computer’s hardware. Spyware
Malicious logic program named after the Greek myth that hides within or looks like a legitimate program System software
The portion of software that defines how a user interacts with a computer, including how the user enters the data and instructions and how information is on the screen. Trojan horse
Unique combination of characters such as letters or numbers that identifies a user User interface
Type of system software that allows a user to perform a maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing a computer its devices or its programs User name
A portion of the storage medium, usually the hard disk, that the operating system allocates to function as additional RAM Utility program
Process of using the operating system to restart a computer Virtual memory
Malicious-logic program that copies itself repeatedly, using up Warm boot
Created by: arslan