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Computing in the modern world, chapter eight vocabulary

Program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or popup window. Adware
Program that attempts to remove spam before it reaches a user’s inbox Anti-spam programs
Protects computer agents viruses by identifying and removing any computer virus found. Antivirus program
Basic input/output system, contains computer startup instructions BIOS
Turning on a computer that had been powered off completely Cold boot
Type of user interface in which users type commands or presses special keys on keyboard to enter data Command-line interface
A file that is shrinked in order to save space. The file cannot be used until unzipped/unshrunk. Compressed files/zipped
A harmful file that is downloaded to a computer Computer virus
Program that runs the same on multiple operating systems Cross platform
Recognizing a disk so that the files are stored in contiguous sectors which speed up computer. Defragmenting
Complies technical info about a computer’s hardware and certain system software programs and then prepares a report outlining any identified problems. Diagnostic utility
Reorganizes the files and unused space on a computer’s hard disk to speed up performance Disk defragmenter
Utility that searches and removes unnecessary files. Disk scanner
Disk operating system DOS
Small program that tells an operating system how to communicate with a specific drive. Driver
Process of converting readable data into unreadable characters preventing unauthorized access. Encryption/decryption
Computers that have duplicate components so it can continue to operate Fault tolerant computer (define & ex)
Performs functions related to file management. File manager
Audio editing software used to enhance audio quality. Filters
Specific named location on a storage medium that contains related documents Folder
Allows users to interact with software using text, graphics, and visual images. Graphical user interface (GUI)
Core of an operating system Kernel
Program that acts outside the user’s knowledge to deliberately alter function. Malware
Remaining in memory while a computer is running Memory resident
Configures, installs, and maintains a network. Network administrator
Instructions that remain on a hard disk until they are needed. Nonresident
Sets programs containing instructions that collaborate to coordinate all computer activity and devices. Operating system
A sequence of letters and/or numbers that protects unauthorized users to use a certain computer. Password
Operating system program that assesses and reports info about various computer resources and devices. Performance monitor
A spam email trying to obtain your personal information. Phishing
Set of programs that coordinate all computer functions among hardware resources. Platform
A program that prevents pop ups from showing up on your computer. Pop-up blocker
Causes a display devices screen to show a moving image or black screen if no mouse activity occurs for a long time. Screen saver/ghosting
An Icon on a computer that quickly lets you access a file on your computer. Shortcut
Allowing a single user a single user to work on two or more programs. Single user/multitasking
Operating system that allows one user to run one program at a time. Single user/single tasking
Program placed on a user’s computer without the user knowing, and secretly collects info about the user. Spyware
Software that serves as an interface between the user, the application software, and the computer’s hardware. System software
A program that hides within or looks like a legit program. Trojan horse
The portion of software that defines how a user interacts with a computer. User interface
Unique combination of letters and/or numbers that specifies a specific user. User name
Allows a user to perform maintenance type tasks, usually related to managing a computer. Utility program
A portion of storage medium, usually the hard disk that the operating system allocates to function as an additional RAM. Virtual memory
Process of using the operating system to restart a computer Warm boot
Logic program that copies itself repeatedly using system resources and possibly shutting down the system. Worm
Created by: 99loolil