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Chapter 8 V.

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-up window on web pages Adware
Program that attempts to remove spam before it reaches a user’s inbox Anti-spam programs
Program that protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory, or storage media Antivirus program
Basic input output system;firmware that contains the computer’s startup instructions BIOS
Process of turning on a computer that has been powered off completely Cold boot
Type of user interface in which a user types commands or presses special keys on the keyboard Command-line interface
To shrink the size of a file Compressed files/zipped
Potentially damaging computer program that affects or infects a computer negatively Computer virus
Program that runs the same on multiple operating systems Cross platform
Recognizing a disc so that the files are stored in contiguous sectors, speeding up disc access Defragmenting
Utility program that compiled technical information about a computers hardware and certain system software programs Diagnostic utility
Utility that reorganizes the files and unused space on a computers hard disk Disk defragmenter
Utility that searches for and removes unnecessary files Disk scanner
Disk operating system DOS
Small program that tells an operating system how to communicate with a specific device Driver
Process of converting readable data into unreadable characters to prevent unauthorized access Encryption/decryption
Computer that has duplicate components so it can continue to operate when one of the components fail Fault tolerant computer (define & ex)
Utility that performs functions related to file management File manager
Audio editing software feature designed to enhance audio quality Filters
Specific named location on a storage medium that contains related documents Folder
Allows a user to interact with software using text, graphics, and visual images Graphical user interface (GUI)
Core of an operating system that manages memory and devices Kernel
Program that acts without a user’s knowledge Malware
Remaining in memory while a computer is running Memory resident
Employee who configures, installs, and maintains LANs, WANs, intranets, and internet systems Network administrator
Instructions that remain on a hard disk until they are needed Nonresident
Set of programs containing instructions that work together to coordinate all the activities among computer devices Operating system
Private combination of characters associated with a user name that allows access to certain computer resources Password
Operating system progam that asses and reports information about various computer resources and devices Performance monitor
Scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking email that attempts to obtain your personal information Phishing
Set of programs containing instructions that coordinate all the activities among computer hardware resources Platform
Filtering program that stops pop up ads from displaying on web pages Pop-up blocker
Utlity program that offers a display devices screen to show a moving image Screen saver/ghosting
Icon on a desktop that provides a user with immediate access to a program Shortcut
An operating system allowing a single user to work on two or more programs Single user/multitasking
In reference to an operating system allowing only one user to run one program at a time Single user/single tasking
[program placed on a computer without the users knowledge that secretly collects information about the user Spyware
Software that serves as the interphase between the user and the application software and the computer hardware System software
Malicious logic program named after the greek myth that hides within or looks like a legitimate program Trojan horse
The portion of software that defines how a user interacts with a computer User interface
Unique combination of characters that identifies a specific user User name
Type of system software that allows a user to perform maintenance type tasks Utility program
A portion of a storage medium that the operating system allocates to function as an additional RAM Virtual memory
Process of losing the operating system to restart a computer Warm boot
A program that copies Worm
Created by: vidhi324