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chapter 8 comp

chapter 8

QuestionAnswer
Program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-up window. Adware
Program that attempts to remove spam before it reaches a user’s inbox. Anti-spam programs
Program that protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses. Antivirus program
Basic input/output system. BIOS
Process of turning on a computer that has been powered off completely. Cold Boot
Type of user interface in which a user types command or presses special keys on the keyboard. Command line interface
Type of compressed files that usually have a .zip extension. Compressed files/zipped
A segment of self-replicating code planted illegally in a computer program, often to damage or shut down a system or network. Computer virus
Program that runs the same on multiple operating systems. Cross platform
Recognizing a disk so that the files are stored in contiguous sectors. Defragmenting
Utility program that compiles technical information about a computer’s hardware and certain system software programs and then prepares a report outlining any identified problems. Diagnostic Utility
Utility that reorganizes the files and unused space on a computer’s hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster. Disk Defragmenter
Utility that searches for and removes unnecessary files. Disk scanner
Disk operating system. DOS
Small program that tells an operating system how to communicate with a specific device. Driver
Process of converting readable data into unreadable characters. Encryption/ Decription
Computer that has multiple components so it can operate when one of its main components fail. Fault tolerant computer
Utility that performs functions related to file management. File manager
Audio editing software feature designed to enhance audio quality. Filters
Specific named location on a storage medium that contains related documents. Folder
Type of user interface that allows a user to interact with software. Graphic user interface
The core of an operating system. Kernel
Short for malicious software, programs that act without a user’s knowledge. Malware
Remaining in memory while the computer is running. Memory resident
Employee who configures internet systems. Network Administrator
Instructions that remain on a hard disk until they are needed. Nonresident
Set of programs containing instructions that work to together to coordinate all the activities among the computer hardware devices. Operating system
Private combination of characters associated with a username. Password
Program that assesses and reports information about various resources and devices. Performance monitor
Scam in which a perpetrator sends an official looking email that attempts to obtain your personal and financial information. Phishing
Set of programs containing instructions that coordinate all the activities among computer hardware resources. Platform
Filtering program that stops pop-ups. Ppo-up blocker
Program that causes a display device’s screen to show a moving image or blank screen if no mouse activity occurs over a specific time. Screen saver/ghosting
Icon on the desktop that provides a user with immediate access to a program or file. Shortcut
Allows a user to work on two or more things at once. Single user/multitasking
Allows only one user to run one program at a time. Single user/single tasking
Program placed on a computer that secretly collects knowledge about the user. Spyware
Serves as an interface between the user, the application software, and the computer’s hardware. System software
Malicious-logic program that hides within or looks like a legitimate program Trojan horse
The portion of software that defines how a user interacts with a computer. User interface
Unique combination of characters, such as letters of the alphabet that identifies a specific user. Username
Type of system software that allows users to perform maintenance like tasks. Utility program
A portion of a storage medium that the operating system allocates to function as additional RAM. Vital memory
Process of using the operating system to restart a computer. Warm boot
Malicious-logic program that copies itself repeatedly, using up system resources. Worm
Created by: silentjoe3