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Ninth Final

Study for Ms. Robbins' Ninth Literature Final

Epic A long narrative poem that tells the adventures of a hero
Myths Traditional cultural stories that explain something about the world
Epic Hero A figure who goes on a quest, is strong, brave, intelligent, and often helped by the gods
Symbol Something that stands for something other than itself
Conflict The problem a character faces
Situational Irony When something happens that is completely the opposite of what was expected
The Land of the Cyclopes Odysseus and his men meet the cyclops Polyphemus and blind him in order to escape his cave. Polyphemus tells his father Poseidon to curse them
The Sirens Odysseus fills his men's ears with beeswax and ties himself to the mast of the ship so he can listen to the deadly Sirens' song.
Scylla and Charybdis Odysseus calms his men so they don't awaken the beast Scylla, but six men are eaten and the ship is nearly swallowed by the whirlpool Charybdis.
Odysseus's Return Home Odysseus is disguised as a beggar by Athena and slaughters the suitors in his home. He convinces Penelope it is him by telling her the secret of their bed (that it is built around a living tree)
Penelope's Final Task To choose a suitor, Penelope says the men must string Odysseus's bow and shoot an arrow through twelve axe handles. Only Odysseus succeeds
Themes of the Odyssey Loyalty, overcoming obstacles, triumph over temptation, humans vs. gods
Greek Culture Greeks used myths to explain what they did not understand. Gods were the focus of their religious life, and they treated all guests as if they were gods (just in case they were a god in disguise)
Homeric simile A very long, detailed simile
First person narration Narration coming from the perspective of a character, using "I, me, my." Used by Homer to make the events more dramatic and exciting
Homeric traits Homeric simile, first person narration, believable heroes who have both good and bad traits, vivid descriptions with lots of imagery
Poetry Writing that is not prose; usually has rhyme and meter
Rhyme When two or more words share the same vowel sound and end sound
Meter The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables within a poem
Rhyme Scheme The pattern of rhyme within a poem; each line is assigned a letter
Alliteration Two or more words share the same beginning sound
Couplet A group of two lines
Quatrain A group of four lines
Onomatopoeia Words that mimic sounds
Simile A comparison using 'like' or 'as'
Metaphor A comparison not using 'like' or 'as'
Imagery Words that evoke the five senses
Personification Giving human characteristics to non-human things
Theme The central message or insight into life
TPFASTT Title Paraphrase Figurative Language Attitude Shift Title Theme
Created by: amanda.robbins



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