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Peds Diagnosis

Pediatric Disorders

ConditionSigns/SymptomsFunctional Implications
Angelman Syndrome (happy puppet syndrome) Microencephaly, tremors/jerky gait, developmental delays, severe lang. impairment, very happy mood. Delayed: G/FM skills, walking skills, self-care skills. Sleep disorders, severe sensory processing problems. Behavioral problems: biting, hair pulling, stubbornness, screaming.
Prader-Willi Syndrome Hyperphasia, cognitive impairment, different behaviors, morbid obesity, low metabolism, hypotonia, dolicho Obsessed w/eating, G/FM delays, delayed development of self-help skills. Obesity or hypotonia=delayed walking.
Rett Syndrome (Girls only) Typical development from 6-18mos. Loss of skills/fx. use of hands @ 18mos, loss or severe impaired ability to speak. Constant "hand washing", wringing clapping, mouthing movements, shakiness of trunk/limbs. Wide-based, stiff legged- walking G/FM problems, delayed self-help skills, difficulty or inability to walk, delayed response to requests, alternative means of communication possibly needed.
Fragile X Syndrome (Boys more than Girls) Possible hyperactivity, hypotonia, sensory processing problems involving touch/sound, possible autistic behavior, language delays (more in boys), intelligence problems from learning disabled-> severe retardation. Delayed: walking skills, G/FM skills, self-help skills. Possible: learning problems from ADD->ID, need for alternative comminication (boys).
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) ID, Microencephaly, slamm facial features, heart defects, hyperactive Developmental delay, hypotonic, poor coordination, sensory processing difficulties. Most common cause of birth defects.
Failure to Thrive (FTT) Weight under 3% on growth charts and is only 80% of ideal height/age. Progressive weight loss to below 1/3%. Feeding: poor suck/swallow breathing, tactile sensitivity, delayed oral-motor skills.
Erb's Palsy Paralysis (may go away), affected arm noticably shorter. Can increase by 18mos delaying G/FM skills, (untreated)= elbow flexion contractures.
Autistic Disorder Significant language delays, social/communication challenges, unusual behaviors/interests. ID, disturbance of sensory and perceptual processing. All areas of occupation may be affected.
Asperger Syndrome Possible: social challenges, unusual behavior/interests. NO significant delay with communication skills. Display restrictive, repetitive patterns of behavior. Tend to have age appropriate cognitive/self-help skills.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (3 types) significant social, communication, and behavioral changes. All areas of occupation may be affected.
Cerabral Palsy Characterized by a disruption in volition control of posture/movement. Unusual ways of moving. seizure disorders, visual defects, feeding problems Produces atypical muscle tone, persistence of primitive reflexes, poorly developed movement patterns, disruption of postural mechanism, muscle weakness.
Intelectual Disability (ID) characterized by significantly below average intellectual functioning. Also may have PDD. Significant delay in motor/cognitive development.
Down Syndrome (DS) mental delays. Shortened limbs/fingers, Simian line (hand), small mouth, protruding tounge, slanted eye skin folds, heart defects, atlantoaxoid instability, sensory processing problems, ID Motor delays
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Difficulty with attention, hyperactivity, distractibility, impulsivity. Sleep disorders, emotional lability, poor self-esteem, poor frustration tolerance. slow reaction time,delayed motor speed,diff. in interpreting/responding to cues from others/environmen, slower response to reinforcement,rapid mood changes, poor emotional control/self monitoring (stop/look/listen). Diffuculty putting things in order.
Tuberous Sclerosis Tumors grow internally/externally. Problem= location of where tumor grows. Tumors-benign. Possible: ID, aggressive or hyperactive behavior, aphasia, sevre delays in G/FM skills, mild->severe delays in self help skills.
Created by: 100000007924890