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Speech Exam 2

name some of the significances of language? helps to express thoughts, helps us reflect feelings, cathartic effect, influence our perceptions, help us to sustain human civilization
how many languages are there in the world? 6800+
what is crazy about the significances of language? we rae the only creatures that can learn from the past for the future. (speak in past present and future tenses)
what is the cathartic effect? letting the steam out. (talking about it makes us feel better)
What is the nature of language? meanings are in ppl, the word is not the thing, denotative/connotative, contains abstractions, culture and language are inseparable
what is the triangle of meaning? thought - object - symbol (dotted line between object and symbol)
how can we respond to a word? (two ways) intersionally, or extensionally
what is intensionally? treating the thing as though it is the word. (what advertisers want you to do... name brand clothing, etc)
what is extensionally? seeking outside verification to prove the traits of an object. (dont just take everything for fact)
what is denotative? dictionary meaning
what is connotative? the special meaning we give to words
what are the two types of connotative meanings? affective, and informative
what is affective connotative? the God Terms vs the devil terms
What are God Terms? terms that give you a warm fuzzy feeling EX saturday morning, ice cream, hot cocoa by the fireside
what are devil terms? terms that create stress, tension EX final exam, "you're fired!", tornado
what is informative connotative? special content/feeling - pet names or names for your significant other, etc.
when we abstract, we stereotype
the ladder of abstraction take us... further and further away from the original object.
what is an abstraction? not being clear in what we are saying... too general
We capitalize "I" because our culture is individualistic, which is an example that... culture and language are inseparable
name types of language that builds walls (6) equivocal, relative, emotive, racism, sexist, technical
what is equivocal? giving more than one meaning to the same word
what is relative? you gain meaning by comparison
What is emotive? wods that sound as if they're describing something, but they're really announcing the speaker's attitude
What are some examples of emotive language? "your cheap" = negative attitude, or "you're frugal" = positive attitude
what is racism? Allness
what is allness? describing a person based upon one trait
what is indiscrimination (example of racism)? describing a group of ppl based on one trait.
what is sexist? discriminating based on gender
what is technical language? big words that cause confusion... know your audience and what they understand
What are types of language that build bridges? (6) show support, give accurate descriptions, operational definitions, don't offend ppl, use language correctly, created ethical communication
what is a type of descriptions that give accurate descriptions? behavioral description
what is behavioral description? to describe specific behaviors
what is operational definition? step-by-step what to do... a recipe book
what does it mean to use language to create ethical communication? to create openness, honesty, etc.
Created by: kelseyrae



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