Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

endocrinology -

endocrinology - Famous glands

what are the types of hormones that produced by hypothalamus ? a)Releasing hormones stimulate the anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis) to secrete hormones. (5hormones).. b) Release inhibiting hormones prevent the anterior pituitary from secreting hormones. (2hormones)..
name the hypothalamic release inhibiting hormones !! 1- Somatostatin ; 2- Prolactin release inhibiting hormone-PIH( dopamine)
name the hypothalamic releasing hormones !! 1. Thyrotropin releasing hormone-TRH 2. Growth hormone releasing hormone-GHRH 3. Gonadotropin releasing hormone GnRH 4. Corticotropin releasing hormone CRH 5. Prolactin releasing hormone/s( peptides)
Why is the Hypothalamus so Important? 1. Secretes regulatory hormones (RH, RIH) ; 2. "Directs" pituitary
how many hormones are secreted by pituitary gland? 9 hormones ( 7 hormones by the anterior part and 2 hormones by the posterior part).
name anterior pituitary hormones! 1. Growth hormone (GH); 2.Prolactin (PRL); 3.Gonadotropins; 4.Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH); 5.Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH); 6.Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH); 7.Endorphins
name posterior pituitary hormones! 1.Oxytocin ; 2.Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
GH Growth hormone(GH):a protein. secreted by anterior pituitary. Secretion regulated by hypothalamic hormones. Stimulates growth and metabolism. Acts directly on tissues or acts via growth factors. (abnormalities: Gigantism,Acromegaly,Hypopituitary dwarfism)
Hypopituitary dwarfism childhood GH deficiency. hypopituitarism during childhood growth inhibition sexual immaturity (decrease sex hormones)
Gigantism excessive GH during development. acidophilic tumor increase GH before adolescence epiphyses not closed; growth to >8ft
Acromegaly excessive GH production during adulthood. enlargement of soft tissue after adolescence, e.g. lower jaw bone
PRL Prolactin (PRL): a protein. secreted by anterior pituitary. this secretion regulated by hypothalamic hormones. Stimulates milk production and secretion from mammary gland.
Gonadotropins Gonadotropins(Gonotropic):glyocoproteins.secreted by anterior pituitary.Secretion regulated by hypothalamic hormones. 1.Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Stimulates production of sperms and ova. 2.Luteinizing hormone (LH). Stimulates ovaries and testes.
TSH Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH): a glycoprotein. secreted by anterior pituitary. Secretion regulated by hypothalamic hormones and thyroxine in blood. Stimulates thyroid gland.
ACTH Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH): a peptide. secreted by anterior pituitary. Secretion regulated by glucocorticoids and hypothalamic hormones. Stimulates adrenal cortex secretion of glucocorticoids
MSH Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH): a peptide. secreted by anterior pituitary. May play a role in fat metabolism.
Endorphins Endorphins: peptides. secreted by anterior pituitary. Inhibit pain perception. Effects mimicked by heroin and other opiate drugs.
Oxytocin Oxytocin: a peptide. secreted by posterior pituitary. Secretion regulated by the nervous system. Stimulates contraction of the uterus and mammary glands ( lactation).
ADH Antidiuretic hormone (ADH): a peptide. secreted by posterior pituitary. Secretion regulated by water/salt balance. Promotes retention of water by the kidneys (in Kidney tubules). High level decreases urination and vice versa.
Created by: wafaao



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards