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Chp17-3CompTerms

Chapter 17 Vocab Pt. 3

QuestionAnswer
Internet service provider (ISP) A commercial group that provides Internet access for a monthly fee.
intranet a private network that uses the TCP/IP protocols
line speed relation to analog communication the range of frequencies that a communications channel or cable can carry. In general use the term refers to the volume of data that can travel on a bus or over a cable stated in bits per second.
MAC (Media Access Control) address Another term for an adapter address.
multicasting A process in which a message is sent by one host to multiple hosts, such as when a video conference is broadcast to several hosts on the Internet.
name resolution The process of associating a NetBIOS name or host name to an IP address.
NAT (Network Address Translation) A process that converts private IP addresses on a LAN to the proxy server's IP address before a data packet is sent over the Internet.
NetBEUI (NetBIOS Extended User Interface) A fast, proprietary Microsoft networking protocol used only by Windows
NetBIOS (Network Basic Input/Output System) An API protocol used by some applications to communicate over a NetBEUI network. NetBIOS has largely been replaced by Windows Sockets over a TCP/IP network.
network adapter a device that interfaces a computer with a network.
network drive map Mounting a drive to a computer, such as drive E, that is actually hard drive space on another host computer on the network.
network interface card (NIC) An expansion card that plugs into a computer's motherboard and provides a port on the back of the card to connect a PC to a network. Also called a network adapter.
network operating system (NOS) An operating system that resides on the controlling computer in the network. The NOS controls what software, data, and devices a user on the network can access.
network printer A printer that any user on the network can access, through its own network card and connection to the network, through a connection to a standalone print server, or through a connection to a computer as a local printer, which is shared on the network.
node Another term for a host.
NWLink Microsoft's version of the IPX/SPX protocol suite used by Novell NetWare operating systems
octet Term for each of the four 8
Packet Segment of network data that also includes header, destination address, and trailer information that is sent as a unit. Also called data packet or datagram.
patch cable A network cable that is used to connect a PC to a hub, switch, or router.
peer-to-peer network A network of computers that are all equals, or peers. Each computer has the same amount of authority, and each can act as a server to the other computers.
physical address Another term for an adapter address.
Ping (Packet Internet Groper) A Windows and Unix command used to troubleshoot network connections. It verifies that the host can communicate with another host on the network.
Created by: Zach Blaisdell