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Japan-Music

World Music (SP12)-Japan

QuestionAnswer
Four main islands 1. Honishu 2. Kyushu 3. Hokkaido 4. Shikoku
Shinto One of the main religions starting about 500BCE
Polytheistic Kami
4 Affirmations: Tradition and the family The family is seen as the main mechanism by which traditions are preserved. Their main celebrations relate to birth and marriage
4 Affirmations: Love of nature Nature is sacred; to be in contact with nature is to be close to the Gods. Natural objects are worshiped as sacred spirits.
4 Affirmations: Physical cleanliness Followers of Shinto take baths, wash their hands, and rinse out their mouth often.
4 Affirmations: Matsuri The worship and honor given to the Kami and ancestral spirits.
Writings: Kojiki Record of Ancient Matters
Writings: Rokkokushi Six National Histories
Writings: Shoku Nihongi and its Nihon Shoki Continuing Chronicles of Japan
Writings: Jinno Shotoki study of Shinto and Japanese politics and history) written in the 14th century
Characteristics: Scales with semitones Although the Japanese culture uses pentatonic scales, the use semitones changes the way the tune may sound.
Characteristics: Slow Tempos Some of Japanese music may seem so slow at first, it may see like a beat in not apparent. The term in Western Culture is called Rubato.
Characteristics: Sense of Space There is an apparent space in between notes called ma. It is created in order for the performer and listener to understand the meaning of simplicity and balance.
Characteristics: Prominent Classical solo Repertoires The solo repertoire in Japanese music is very important. Each instrument has there own way of learning and has an extensive repertoire to make sure the performer becomes fluent.
Japanese modes are called Choshi
2 types of Pentatonic Scales 1. RYO (123-56-) 2. RITSU (12-456-)
GAPS or “-” are called Hennons
Instruments: Shamisen Japanese stringed instrument resembling a banjo with a long neck and three strings and a fretted fingerboard and a rectangular body
Instruments: Koto (Zither) Musical instrument consisting of a flat wooden sound box with 13 strings stretched across a movable bridge, placed horizontally and played.
Instruments: Biwa Japanese short-necked fretted lute, often used in narrative storytelling.(four-string, fretted pear-shaped lute; similar to Chinese pipa)
Instruments: Ryuteki Japanese flute used in the gagaku orchestra (transverse bamboo flute)
Heian Period: type of Japanese style that evolved Gafaku. [known for ancient court music(performed for nobility & higher class)]
Heian Period: composition of music 1.Pure Japanese Music 2.Original Foreign Music 3. Music composed in Japan but influenced by other countries
Heian Period: orchestra's 3 groups 1. The Winds 2. The Strings 3. Percussion
Kumakura Period: Noh Type of music is highly stylized and symbolic drama, and is usually performed by a few male actors and musicians. A main character often wears a mask which fits its role.
Kumakura Period: 2 different types of singing 1. Kotoba (speech song) 2. Fushi (melodies)
Kumakura Period: Instrumental ensemble Hayashi (Small folk ensembles with flutes and drums)
Kumakura Period: ensemble consists of Bamboo flutes and 3 small drums
Azuchi-Momoyama Period: aerophone recorder or Bamboo flute Shakuhachi (used during the Zen services and became a highly known instrument used for meditation for Buddhist monks)
Azuchi-Momoyama Period: fretless long necked lute Shamisen (similar to Chinese sanxian)
Azuchi-Momoyama Period: Zither Koto (Part of the gagaku court orchestra; Related to Chinese zheng)
Gagaku Orchestra: Hichiriki Double-reeded flute; small cylindrical-bore double reed
Gagaku Orchestra: Kakko Small double-headed cylindrical drum;conductor of gagaku orchestra
Gagaku Orchestra: Tsuri Large hanging bass drum
Folk Music: 2 major musical styles 1. Free Rhythm 2. Metric Rhythm
Folk Music: former types are sung by one singer and were originally sung when one was packhorse driving Shakuhachi (vertical bamboo flute)
Created by: morena25