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India-Music

World Music (SP12)- India

QuestionAnswer
Hinduism is... Polytheistic
Worship Gods like... Shiva
Leaving one's life Reincarnation
Ultimate reality Bramham
Escape of cyclical Moshka
What is heard Sruti
Religious Teachings Vedas
Hymnal praises Mantras
Sacrificial teachings Brahamana
108 Sacred Teachings Upanishads
What is seen Smitri
Book of Laws Laws
Myths,stories,legends Puranas
Priests Brahims
Soldiers/Warriors Kshatriyasa
Farmers/Merchants Vaishyas
Untouchables/Poor Harijans
North Indian Music Hindustani
South Indian Music Karnatic
Number of tones used in Indian Music 22 Tones
Quarter Notes/Notes that are smaller than normal interval
Western DO RE ME FA SOL LA TI
Indian SA RE GA MA PA DHA NI
Building blocks Sruti
Rearrangement Rag
Ascending Arohana
Descending Avrohana
Importance of notes Vadi & Samvadi
Indian rhythm Tal
Western: Tempo Indian: Lay
Western: Beat Indian: Matra
Western: Groove Indian: Theka
Sitar Played by Ravi Shankar who made is US debut at Monterey Pop Festival
Sitar: strings 5-7
Sitar: Sympathetic strings 13
Tambura Plucked chordophone that provides a drone to the Indian musical setting
Styles 1. Sacred- religious beliefs 2. Folk- southern & little northern indian 3. Classical- systematic way to preserve natural music being played.
Characteristics 1. Verse/Chorus/Refrain- tell story/repeating/tag 2. Improvisation- creating stable background 3. Ornamentation- dress up the way of notes
Vocal Genres 1. Khyal-northern 2. Kriti-southern
Created by: morena25