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Tadi FINAL review

SCC micro II FINAL

QuestionAnswer
Pasteurella (7) flora, virulent factor(s), infections associated, media, characteristics unique to, antibiotic suscept., gram stain morph, Not normal flora, capsules, abcesses/cellulitis (cat bites/scratches), not on MAC but good on CHOC, faculative anaerobic, "musty odor", penicillin, gram neg coccobacilli
Francisella:flora, virulent factor(s), infections associated, media, characteristics unique to, antibiotic suscept., gram stain morph, not norm. flora, capsules, tularemia (chronic inflammation), hard to stain unless media has cystine BAP(an amino acid), very virulent/invasive, Streptomycin, gram neg coccobacilli
Brucella:flora, virulent factor(s), infections associated, media, characteristics unique to, antibiotic suscept., gram stain morph, not normal flora, contracted inhalation or breaks in skin, "undulant fever", aerobic, slow growing, BAP or CHOC, intracellular must use an antibiotic that won't harm, gram neg coccobacilli, zoonotic
Bordetella: flora, virulent factor(s), infections associated, media, characteristics unique to, antibiotic suscept., gram stain morph, not normal flora, capsules, B. pertussis "whooping cough", contract through inhalation of droplets, obligate aerobic, doesn't stain well, cough plate or nasal swab, tiny gram neg coccobacilli
gardnerella: flora, virulent factor(s), infections associated, media, characteristics unique to, antibiotic suscept., gram stain morph, normal flora of the vagina, STD, bacterial vaginosis, causes postpartum, bacteremia, endometriosis, premature labor, neonatal septicemia, stains gram neg or gram variable coccobacilli, BAP, unique cell wall CLUE CELLS
Legionella:flora, virulent factor(s), infections associated, media, characteristics unique to, antibiotic suscept., gram stain morph, not norm flora, parasites of amebae, pneumonic for or Pontiac fever, DO NOT grow on regular media, gram neg bacilli
Eikenella: flora, virulent factor(s), infections associated, media, characteristics unique to, antibiotic suscept., gram stain morph, normal flora of the mouth, human bites or fist fights, faculative anaerobe, high CO2, BAP and CHOC, bleach like odor, gram neg bacilli, antibiotics
Streptococcous pneumoniae: flora, virulent factor(s), infections associated, media, characteristics unique to, antibiotic suscept., gram stain morph, not normal flora, capsules, sepsis, meningitis, sinusitis, BAP, aerobic, mucoid colonies, penicillin, gram pos cocci in pairs, serologic agglutination reaction tests
E. coli: flora, virulent factor(s), infections associated, media, characteristics unique to, antibiotic suscept., gram stain morph, norm flora of the GI tract, some capsules and O antigens, UTI-diarrheal, sepsis, menigitis, fecal oral transmission, BAP, EMB, CHOC. Enterobacteriaceae, lactose fermentor, ampicillin or cipro, gram ne bacilli
Klebisella: flora, virulent factor(s), infections associated, media, characteristics unique to, antibiotic suscept., gram stain morph, norm flora of skin & intestines, capsules K1 and K2 antigens, bronchitis, faculative anaerobic, Enterobacter, highly mucoid, cephalosporin (antibiotic), gram neg bacilli (nonmotile), Indole to differentiate spp.
PROTEUS normal flora of GI tract, secretes hemolysins, UTI and kidney stones, potassium cyanide media, PEA, most common isolated spp from human infections, amikacin, gram neg bacilli, indole and urease
myobacterium TB not norm flora, respiratory droplets, aerobic, slow growing, 25-45 C, sputum collection, stains red, high in lipids in cell walls, acid fast positive bacilli
helicobacter pylori normal flora of the gut, gastric/duodenal ulcers, 42 C, susceptible to cephalothin, amoxicillin and penicillin, helical gram neg bacilli, urease-catalase-oxidase
Treponema palladium not normal flora, STD-syphilis-yaws, direct fluorescent antibody test-dark field microscopy, penicillin
Borrelia burgdorferi no,vectored by tick/lice Ixodes tick,Lymes disease Wright's stain-bright-field microscopy, microaerophlic, 30-35 C, BSK broth
Leptospira not norm flora,fever, chills, severe headache, joint pain,anorexia, nausea vomiting,grows best 28-30 C dark field microscopy, selectv. Fletcher's media, severe cases affect CNS, kidneys and liver susceptible to chlorine, gram negative helical rods, motile
Chlamydia not norm flora,grp react antigen, STD infertility or blindness in infants, complem fixation tests, assays using fluor antibody proceds,obligate intracellular pathogens, doxycyline with erythromycin or erythromycin with amoxicillin (if pregnant) gram neg
Rickettsia not norm flora,possess RNA and DNA, Rocky mountain spotted fever vectors rabbits, body louse rodents,appear red on Giemsa's stain,share antigens wit Proteus, Tetracyclines inhibit growth,non motile gram negative that present as cocci
Campylobacter jejuni not norm flora,Enteritis in humans, gastroenteritis dark field microscope wit wet mount,42 C, 10% CO2, colonies appear grayish to light pink or yellowish can't grow in media containing salt,motile aerobic gram negative bacilli
Mycoplasma not norm flora,difficult to ID,cold agglutination disease, atypical pneumonia,complex media for growth,"fried egg" appearance, erythromycin, azithromyocin, doxycycline,flexible triple layered "unit membrane" with sterol making it hardy-------no cell wall
Created by: nizhoni