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American EOCT

Ms. Robbins' American Lit EOCT

Native Americans Pre-1600s
Origin Myth Explained the origin of a natural occurrence
Symbol The use of something to represent something other than what it is
Native American Myth Example Earth on Turtle's Back
Puritans Mid 1600s to Mid 1700s
Separatists Puritans wanted their religions separate from the Church of England
Puritan Beliefs God is in all things, He should be praised always, humans are full of sin
Puritan Plain Style Used to describe plain aspects of Puritan work, dress, and writing (words chosen specifically and sparingly)
Jonathan Edwards' "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" Sermon about the sinfulness of man
Sermon Speech, often religious in nature, used to impart a message
Direct address Speaking directly to the audience
Ann Bradstreet's "To My Dear and Loving Husband" Poem praising the plain and faithful life of a Puritan woman
Imagery Words that evoke the five senses
Edward Taylor's "Huswifery" Poem comparing a man and his faithfulness to the Lord and a spinning wheel making cloth
Conceit Extended metaphor
Revolutionary Early 1700s - Late 1700s
Persuasive writing Writing to convince or persuade others to support something
The Age of Reason/Enlightenment Other name for Revolutionary time period; use of thought and common sense to provoke change
Thomas Jefferson's "The Declaration of Independence" Document stating the assumed independence of the United States
Non-fiction Prose literature based in truth
Fiction Prose literature not based in truth
Biography The story of a person's life written by someone else
Autobiography The story of a person's life written by that person
Phyllis Wheatley's "To His Excellency General Washington" Poem written by a freed slave praising the first president of the United States
Poetry Non-prose writing usually having rhyme and meter
Thomas Paine's "The Crisis" Pamplets written to encourage change and support of the war
Allegory A short story with a message
Ethos The use of credibility or ethics
Logos The use of logic or data
Pathos The use of emotion
Patrick Henry's "Speech in the Virginia Convention" Speech given to persuade the colonies to fight in the Revolutionary War, closing with "Give me liberty, or give me death!"
Oratory The art of public speaking
Romanticism 1800 - 1870
Values of the Romantics Emotion, imagination, the individual, God, and nature
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's "Paul Revere's Ride" Poem detailing the heroic ride of Paul Revere to warn the American people and stop the British troops
Archetype A universal figure or symbol, like a hero
William Cullen Bryant's "Thanatopsis" "A Meditation upon Death." Poem discussing our place in life and how all are made equal after death
Alliteration Words begin with the same sound
Assonance Words contain the same vowel sound
Consonance Words contain the same middle or ending consonant sound
Oliver Wendell Holmes' "Old Ironsides" Poem praising a distinguished war ship that survived many battles
Oliver Wendell Holmes' "The Chambered Nautilus" Poem using a shell as a metaphor for growing through life and accomplishing goals
Personification Giving human characteristics to non human things
Metaphor Comparison without using 'like' or 'as'
Simile Comparison using 'like' or 'as'
Dark Romanticism Subset of Romanticism Also called the Gothic movement
Values of the Dark Romantics Dark emotions, supernatural imagination, isolated settings
Edgar Allan Poe Leader of the Dark Romantics; themes of death, madness, and destruction
Transcendentalism 1830-1850
"Transcend" To rise above
Values of Transcendentalists Believed the world was corrupt and people needed to rise above this Environmentalism, social reform, abolition of slavery Belief in the Oversoul Nature as a place of spirituality
Ralph Waldo Emerson's "Self Reliance" Sermon about how people should rely only upon themselves and never imitate
Intuition Gut feeling
Henry David Thoreau's "Walden" Text suggesting that people leave civilization and live in the woods to become one with God and nature and appreciate all we have
Realism 1865 - 1910
Goals of Realism Attempted to portray "real life" through details, middle-class characters, and natural speech
Vernacular Speech used by a specific group or region
Stream of Consciousness Words flow without any specific goal or focal point; intended to mimic a character's thought process
Ambrose Bierce's "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" Short story using stream of consciousness to show the thoughts of a dying man
Regionalism Subset of realism Focuses on specific regions of the United States and shows their culture, language, feelings, and customs
Mark Twain Father of Regionalism Writings centered around the rural south and Mississippi river, heavy use of vernacular
Kate Chopin Writings centered around Louisiana, focusing on the suffragist movement
Suffragism The struggle of women to obtain equal rights
Slave Narrative Writing from the point of view of a slave, often written by freed or former slaves Used by abolitionists to promote the abolition of slavery
Frederick Douglass Autobiographical writer intended to inform the reader of what his struggle was like as a slave
Spirituals Allegorical songs sung by slaves Often contain Biblical illusions or hidden messages
Allusion Reference to something famous
Mood The feeling a story promotes in a reader
Tone The feeling an author has for their subject
Diction Word choice
Theme The message or insight into life a story gives
Author's purpose The reason an author writes a piece of literature
Situational irony Something happens that is the complete opposite of what was expected
Dramatic irony The audience knows something a character does not
Conflict The problem a character faces
Man vs. Man Two characters face off against each other
Man vs. Self A character must battle his own thoughts and decisions
Man vs. Society A character must battle something intangible, like poverty
Man vs. Nature A character must overcome a natural force like a storm or animal
Refrain A repeated phrase (EX: Chorus or hook)
Epistle A letter
Frame narrative A story within a story
Flashback Going to a scene earlier in or before the events of a story
Foreshadowing Hinting at events that have yet to happen
Drama Writing meant to be performed by actors
Tragedy A drama that ends unhappily
Comedy A drama that ends happily
Stage directions Unspoken words that tell actors how to perform on the stage
Dialogue Words spoken between two or more characters
Monologue A long speech given by one character to others
Soliloquy A long speech given by one character alone on the stage, often about inner thoughts
Aside A short speech given by one character directly to the audience
Created by: amanda.robbins



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