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Ninth EOCT

Ninth Grade Literature EOCT

Literature Fiction, non fiction, and poetry
Fiction Literature that is not based in truth
Diction Word choice
Figurative Language Words not meant to be taken literally
Imagery Words that evoke the five senses
Symbolism Something that stands for something other than what it is
Plot Exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution
Conflict The problem a character faces
Man vs. Man Two characters face off against one another
Man vs. Self A character must battle his own decisions/thoughts
Man vs. Society A character must battle against something he cannot touch, like poverty
Man vs. Nature A character must overcome natural forces, like a storm or animal
Character development How a character changes throughout the story
Static A character does not change through the story
Dynamic A character does change through the story
Setting The time and place of a story
Mood How a reader feels about a piece of literature
Tone How an author feels about a piece of literature
Situational irony Something unexpected happens
Verbal irony A character says something they don't really mean
Dramatic irony The audience knows something a character does not know
First person point of view Told from the perspective of a character and in their personal voice
Third person limited point of view Told from the perspective of one character through a narrator's voice
Third person omniscient point of view The narrator can see into any character's mind
Theme The moral or life lesson of a story
Personification Giving human characteristics to non-human things
Metaphor A comparison not using 'like' or 'as'
Simile A comparison using 'like' or 'as'
Hyperbole An extreme exaggeration
Protagonist The main character of a work
Antagonist The force a character faces
Idiom A phrase that does not mean what it sounds like it means
Cognate Two or more words that share a root meaning
Denotation The dictionary definition of a word
Connotation The feeling behind the word
Non-fiction Literature based in truth
Biography The story of a person's life written by someone else
Autobiography The story of a person's life written by that person
Memoir An autobiographical account of a specific time in a person's life
Author's purpose The reason why an author is writing
Expository writing Writing to explain or show "how to"
Persuasive writing Writing to persuade or convince
Narrative writing Writing to tell a story
Resume A collection of personal and workplace experience, usually to get a job
Speech A piece of writing that is spoke; often includes rhetoric
Ethos The use of credibility or believability
Logos The use of logic and data
Pathos The use of emotional appeal
Primary source A source coming directly from something related to your topic
Secondary source A source speaking of your topic that is not directly related to it
Drama A piece of work meant to be performed by actors
Tragedy Drama that ends unhappily
Comedy Drama that ends happily
Stage directions Unspoken words that tell an actor what to do on stage
Dialogue Words spoken by two or more characters
Monologue Words spoken by one character and heard by others
Soliloquy Words spoken by one character alone on the stage, usually about feelings
Aside Words spoken by one character directed to the audience
Foil Two characters whose similarities and differences provide a contrast for one another
Tragic flaw A problem in a character that leads to their downfall
Pun A play on words
Poetry Literature that is not prose, usually containing rhyme or meter
Meter The rhythm of a poem, counted using syllables and rests
Rhyme When two words share the same vowel and end sound
Alliteration When two words have the same beginning sound
Assonance When two words have the same vowel sound
Consonance When two words have the same middle or ending consonant sound
Onomatopoeia Words that mimic sound
Rhyme Scheme The pattern of rhyme within a poem
Blank verse Poetry that has meter but no rhyme
Free verse Poetry that has rhyme but no meter
Narrative poetry Poetry that tells a story
Lyric poetry Song-like poetry, usually about feelings
Ballad Song-like poetry that tells a story
Epic poem A long poem, often detailing the mythical journey of a hero
Epic hero An archetypal figure that goes on a quest and is helped by gods
Homeric simile A very long, detailed simile
In Medias Res In the middle of things
Created by: amanda.robbins



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