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Windows Command Line

Commands and switch options

QuestionAnswer
The path that contains the root directory and all sub directories that contain a file or directory. Also may be referred to as the file path and full path. Absolute Path
A portion of the Absolute Path, "relative to where you are" in the directory structure. Relative Path
Win2k system root is located where? C:\WINNT
WinXP system root is located where? C:\WINDOWS
Directory Attributes A, R, H, S, C, and E stand for what? Archive, Read Only, Hidden, System, Compression, Encryption
Copies the original file/directory with the intention of creating a duplicate of it elsewhere. The original file is left intact. Copy
Same as a copy operation, but the orginal file//derectory is deleted, leaving only the duplicate in its new location. Move
Three types of User Accounts Built In-Administrator and Guest, Local-authenticated by local machine maintained in the Security Accounts Manager (SAM) Domain- authenticated by the Domain Controller, maintained in the Active Directory.
6 Basic NTFS permissions Read, Write, Read & Execute, List Folder Contents, Modify, Full Control
Address of your system on the network IP Address
The subnet bits used to define the network protion of your IP address. Similar to a zip code Subnet Mask
Address of a layer three device, on your network, used to access other networks, this is usually a router. Default Gateway
How to get help /? or help
Display or Change time "time" to display and change "time /t" to display only
Clear the screen CLS
Display the windows version VER
Quit the command line exit
Title a window Title (followed by what the title should be)
Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory. DIR or DIR/A:(what attribute to include)
Displays the name of or changes the current directory. CD or CHDIR
Creates a Directory MD or MKDIR
Copies one of more files to another location. COPY
Copies files and directory trees. XCOPY
Moves files and renames files and directories MOVE
Removes (deletes) a directory RD or RMDIR
Deletes one or more files DEL or ERASE
Graphically displays the folder structure of a drive or path. TREE can be used with > to redirect the results to a file. Ex: C:\>tree /f /a > information.txt
Displays the contents of a text file or files Type
Searches for a text string in a file or files FIND "string"
Displays or modifies access control lists of files CACLS
Displays or changes file attributes ATTRIB [+R|-R] [+A|-A] etc
MS-DOS editor EDIT
Displays the I address, subnet mask and default gateway for each adapter bound to TCP/IP ipconfig
enables a user to verify that a particular IP address exists and is receiving network traffic. PING
Displays the current date, without prompting for a new one Date /t
Created by: 1066963715