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Fairmont poetry term

elements of poetry

poetry can be written in lines which are either sentences or fragments form
paragraphs in poems are called these stanzas
poetry uses devices to make it pleasing to the listener's ear sound
when words at the end of lines sound alike rhyme
pattern of rhyming lines in a poem rhyme scheme
a poem creates a beat by using a certain number of words and syllables rhythm
repeating a word or line in verse to emphasize a point or create a mood repetition
words used to create mental pictures of sight and sound imagery
a comparison using the words like or as simile
a comparison that does not use like or as metaphor
giving something nonhuman human characteristics personification
repetition of the same consonant sound alliteration
where an object stands for something else of deeper or wider meaning symbolism
repetition of the same vowel sound assonance
continuation of a comparison throughout a poem extended metaphor
the use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings onomatopoeia
poetry that tells a story narrative poetry
narrative poetry which could easily be sung ballad
poetry that expresses feelings, emotions, and thoughts of a poet lyric poetry
a fourteen line poem with three quatrains and a rhyming couplet sonnet
a poem which is five lines long and about an object or person's name cinquain
poetry that does not need rhythm or rhyme free verse
poem which is written so that the reader can visualize the poet's topic shape poem
a humorous verse with five lines. It has the following rhyme scheme: a a b b a and with the following rhythm pattern: the first two lines with 3 stressed beats, the 3rd and the 4th with 2 stressed beats and the final line with 3 stressed beats limerick
poetry which does not need to rhyme but has a rhythm such as iambic pentameter blank verse
a three line Japanese poem which is mostly about nature haiku
an exaggeration hyperbole
a combination of two words to create a new word such as smoke and fog = smog portmanteau word
using two opposite terms to create a contrast juxtaposition
a play on words pun
Created by: cherylkidd



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