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Science stack 2

bacilli rod shaped bacteria that have a large surface area wichich helps them take in nutrients but they dry out easily
cocci spherical bacteria that do not dry out as quickly as bacilli
sprillia long and spiral shaped bacteria that have flagellum to help them move
prokaryote an organism that consist 0of a single cell that does not have a nucleus
Binary fission A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by which one cell divides into two cells of the same size
endospore a thick-walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial cello and resists harsh conditions
cyanobacteria bacteria that are producers; usually live in water and contain chlorophyll
three types of archae heat lovers, salt lovers, methane makers
nitrogen fixation bacteria take in nitrogen from the air and change it into a form that plants can use
bioremediation the biological treatment of hazardous waste by living organisms
lactose breaking down sugar in milk
antibiotic medicine used to kill bacteria and other microorganisms
genetic engineering when scientists change the genes of bacteria or other living things
escherichia coli the first bacteria to be genetically engineered to replicate frog genes
pathogenic bacteria bacteria that cause disease
virus a microscopic particle that gets inside a cell and often destroys the cell
host an organism from which parasite takes food or shelter
crystals a crystal shaped virus
spheres a sphere shaped virus; influenza's
cylinders tobacco mosaic virus, shaped like a cylinder
spacecraft looks like a spacecraft, attacks mainly bacteria
lytic cycle viruses attack a host cell and turns it into a virus factory; leaves and kills it
lysogenic cycle same as lytic cycle but it waits until the cell spilts
Created by: willfavre4



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