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FCAT Lit Terms

Common figurative & descriptive language terms used on FCAT

Figurative Language Language that involves use of words or phrases that describe one thing in terms of another-involves some sort of imaginative comparison. *not meant to be understood on a LITERAL level
Simile comparison of two things that have some quality in common, using like or as (or sometimes "than")
Metaphor comparison of two things that have some quality in common (without like or as)
Personification figure of speech in which a non-human thing or quality is written about as if it were human.
Hyperbole A figure of speech where the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect. Used to intensify description or to emphasize nature of something
Symbolism the use of something concrete (i.e. an object, setting, event, animal, or person) that functions in a text to represent something more
Pun play on multiple meanings of a word or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings
Theme not the same as moral (rule of conduct). A theme gives us insight into the writer’s view of the world or human nature; the lessons learned by the main characters or the "big picture" ideas presented in literature.
Imagery language that appeals to the senses, either one of more of them (sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch)-to help the reader imagine exactly what is being described.
Tone expression of the writer’s attitude toward a subject, reflects the feelings of the writer
Irony contrast between what is expected and what actually exists of happens
Mood the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for a reader
Alliteration the repetition of the same sound, usually of a consonant, at the beginning of two or more words that are immediately after one another or at short intervals
Onomatopoeia the use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning
Allusion a reference to a statement, well-known person, place or event from literature, history, mythology, politics, sports, science, or the arts.
Satire the type of writing that ridicules (makes fun of) human weakness, vice, or folly in order to bring about social reform (change). Tries to persuade the reader to do or believe something by showing the opposite view as absurd or even as vicious and inhumane
Created by: BessMcNamara



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