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Pathophys I Final

Autoimmune disorders, ID, Respiratory diseases, Gastrenterology, Hematology

QuestionAnswer
Rheumatoid arthritis
Scleroderma
SLE aka Lou Gehrig's disease (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus)
Ankylosing spondylitis (Bamboo Spine)
Graves' Disease
Myasthenia Gravis
Universal donor
Universal recipient
Type 1 hypersensitivity reaction
Type 2 hypersensitivity reaction
Type 3 hypersensitivity reaction (aka Delayed Hypersensitivity Reaction)
Which hepatitis is categorized as an STD? Hep B
What does it mean if core antigen is present? k
What does it mean if envelop antigen is present? k
What does it mean if "Australian" antibody is present? k
What is the term used to state that there can be either Ag or Ab but never both? sterilizing immunity
Which hepatitis is mostly asymptomatic until late stage? HCV
What is the hepatitis (rare or non-existent in the U.S.) that has a 30% mortality rate in women who contract the disease (become infected) during pregnancy? Hep E
Which hepatitis is associated with "aversion to smoke among smokers" during the prodromal period? Hep A
What organs are typically located in the LUQ? Part of the ST, the SP, and (Olga says) the top of the descending colon
What organs are typically located in the LLQ? Colon
What conditions might be indicated by LLQ pain? Diverticuitis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's
What are the 2 conditions the fall under the heading of IBS? Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's
What organs are typically located in the RLQ? Appendix (and top of ascending colon) (Olga says ST and pancreas!)
What organs are typically located in the RUQ? LR/GB, (tail of pancreas)
What should you immediately suspect or "rule out" in someone vomitting blood? k
What should you immediately suspect or "rule out" in someone coughing up blood? k
What should you immediately suspect or "rule out" in someone experience pain (dynophagia) or difficulty (dysphagia) upon swallowing? k
What should you immediately suspect or "rule out" in someone who reports feeling full after eating only a very small portion of a meal? k
What does a Hemoccult test test for? Hidden blood in stool
Why would you do a Barium swallow and a chest X-ray? k
What does a colonoscopy look for? Polyps and ulcers
What does an endoscophy look for? Ulcers?
What is a biopsy with cytology? k
What are 4-5 signs of Acute Abdomen? k
What are signs of periotinitis? k
Major cause of peptic ulcer k
Most common type of peptic ulcer is actually... DUODENAL!
What are the risk factors for gastric cancer? k
What are the risk factors for esophageal cancer? k
What are the risk factors for colon cancer? k
How to differentiate GERD from Achalasia k
What is Barrett's esophagus and why is it considered a pre-cancerous condition? Barrett's esophagus is frequently the sequela of long-term GERD, where the columnar cells of the esophagus have turned into mucus secreting squamous cells (as in ST). This "esophageal metaplasia" is a stepping stone to dysplasia.
Name 2 diaphragmatic types of hernia hiatal and xxxx
Name the most common LJ type of hernia inguinal
What autoimmune disorder is believed to be caused by atrophy of intestinal microvilli? celica disease
Major blood supply of the LR Portal vein (comes from GI tract)
Direct (conjugated) vs. indirect (unconjugated) bilirubin. k
If conjugated (direct) bilirubin is elevated, where is the problem likely to be? k
If UNconjugated (INdirect) bilirubin is elevated, where is the problem likely to be? k
Pre-hepatic jaundice results from... k
Intra-hepatic jaundice results from.... k
Post-hepatic jaundice results from... k
What are the 3 stages of alcoholic liver disease (in ascending order)? Fatty liver, xxxx, Cirrhosis
What is cholelithiasis? stones in the actual GB
What is choleDOHOlithiasis stones in the bile DUCT
What is acute cholelithiasis? Or rather, what is the mnemonic for risk factors-- and common clinical presentation? Female, fertile, fat, over 40
Created by: mrbarr