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Literature test 2

one act play entire play takes place in a single location and unfolds as one continuous action
acts main division of a full length play-- their ends are indicated by lowering a curtain or turning up the household lights
scenes further divided-- a scene changes when location of action changes or when new characters enter
conventions understood and accepted by audiences because come through usage and time, to be recognized as familiar techniques
setting establish an atmosphere
suspense before single word spoken, suspense is created, cuases anxious uncertainty about what will happen
exposition setting further developed, device that provides necessary background information about characters and their circumstances
diolouge verbal exchanges between characters
conflict or struggle
plot authors arrangement of incidents in the play that gives the story a particular focus and emphasis
subplot secondary action that reinforces or contrasts with the main plot
protagonists central character with whom we tend to identify
antagonists character who is in some kind of opposition to the central character
stage direction play wrights instructions on how the actor should move and behave
pyramidal pattern plot divided into three essential parts
riseing action complication creates conflict for protagonists
climax when action reches a final crisis, a turning point that has a powerful effect on the protagonist
falling action tension is deminished in the resolution of the plots conflicts and complications
foil a character whose behavior and values contrast with the protagonists
theme central idea or meaning of the play
orchestra encircled seats, "dancing place"
chorus a dozen or so men chanted lines and danced
skene stage building that served as dressing rooms
deus ex machina "god from the machine" describe any improbable means by which an author provides a too easy resolution for a story
prologue opening speech or diologue, usually gives exposition necessary to follow subsequent action
paradus chorus makes first entrance and gives its perspective on what audience has learned in prologue
episodia or episodes, follow in which character engage in diologue that frequently consists of heated debates dramatizing plays conflicts
stasimon choral ode, chorus responds to and interprets the proceeding diologue
exodus last scene, follows final episode and stasimon, resolution occurs and characters leave the stage
tragedy presents courageous individuals who confront powerful forces within or outside themselves with a dignity that reveals the breaddth and depth of the human spirit in the face of failure
hamartia aristotle used this term for weakness, interpreted to mean protagonists fall is result of internal tragic flaw--excess of pride, ambition, passion, some other character trait that leads to disaster
catharsis purge action of emotions 'pity and fear'
reversal point when heroes fortunes turn in an unexpected direction
recognition messenger reveals previously unkown info
dramatic irony (tragic irony) meaning of character words or actions is understood by the audience but not by the character
mystery plays dramatize stories from the bible
miracle plays based on lives of saints
morality plays present allegorical stories in which virtues and vices are personified to teach humanity how to achieve salvation
aside a speech directed only to the audience
soliloquy speech deliviered while an actor is alone on stage, like an aside, it reveals a characters state of mind
history play british play based primarily on chronicles of england, scotland, and ireland
comedy overall tone is serious--encouraged to laugh at something
comic relief humerous scene or incident that alleviates tension in an otherwise serious work
romantic comedies typically envolve lovers whose hearts are set on each other but whose lives are complicated
satire casts a critical eye on vices and follies by holding them up to ridicule--usually to point out an obscurity to be avoided or corrected
high comedy consists of wit
low comedy generally associated with physical action and is less intellectual
farce a form of humor based on exaggerated improbable incongruities
tradgedy doesnt promise peace and contentment...
revenge tragedy well established type of drama that traced its antececendents to greek and roman plays
realism literary technique that attempts to create the apperance of life as it is actually expierenced
melodramas offer audience thrills and chills as well as happy endings
problem play drama that represents a social issue inorder to awaken the audience to it
naturalism more philosophical approach than literary technique, naturalism derives from human beings as a part of nature and subject to its laws
groundlings no seats, had to stand and only paid one penny to watch the play, uneducated but sophisticated people
catharsis "purgation" describes release of emotions of pity and fear by the audience at the end of a tragedy
character person presented in a dramatic or narrative work, the process by which a writer makes that character seem real to the reader
plot authors selection and arrangement of incidents ina story to shape the action and give the story a particular focus.
conflict struggle within the plot between opposing forces
round characters more complex and often display the inconsistencies and internal conflicts found in most real people.
flat characters embodies one or two qualities, ideas, or traits that can be readily described in a brief summary
soliloquy dramatic convention by means of which a character, alone onstage, utters his or her thoughts aloud.
drama actors on stage before an audience
elizabethan drama providance-presense of God fortune-way world is free will-human ghoice great chain of being, everything is connected
Created by: nicolepapageorge



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