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Complex O. Molecules

Proteins, Nucleic Acids, Intermediates

QuestionAnswer
What is a Protein? 50+ Amino Acids
How many different Amino Acids are there? 20
How are Amino Acids assembled within a Protein? linkage forms between Amino group (-NH2) of 1 AA and the Carboxyl group of the next - forming Peptide bonds
What is the importance of a proteins shape? Shape = Function
What are the functions of Proteins? 1. Cell Structure; 2. Antibodies; 3. Enzymes; 4. Muscle Contraction; some Hormones
Are Complex O. Molecues water soluble? Proteins and Nucleic Acids are...Intermediates are sometimes mixed with lipids = partially soluble
What kind of bonds do Proteins form? Peptide bonds - when bonded to itself, Hydrpgen bonds
What is a Nucleic Acid? strands of thousands of Nucleotides
What comprises Nucleic Acids? Sugar, Phosphate group, organic Base
What kind of bonds form on Nucleotides? Covalent: between Phosphate Group of 1 and Sugar of next; Hydrogen bonds between Bases
What are the shapes of Nucleic Acids? either Double or Single Helices
What is a prominent feature of Nucleic Acids? LARGEST, most STABLE Molecules in the cell
What are the functions of Nucleic Acids? 1. direct Protein Synthesis; 2. Genetic Info
What are intermediates? Subunits or Combination Molecules
What are some examples of Intermediates? 1. Alcohols; 2. Organinc Acids/Bases; 3. Lipoproteins; 4. Nucleoproteins
Created by: Kristel