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Chp13-1CompTerms

Administrator - Guest

QuestionAnswer
Administrator The only type of Windows 2000/XP user account created in an Administrator group
Backup Operators A Windows 2000/XP user account that can back up and restore any files on the system regardless of its having access to these files.
batch file A text file containing a series of OS commands. Autoexec.bat is a batch file.
built-in user accounts An administrator account and a guest account that are set up when Windows NT/2000/XP is first installed.
chain A group of clusters used to hold a single file.
compression To store data in a file, folder, or logical drive using a coding format that reduces the size of files in order to save space on a drive or shorten transport time when sending a file over the Internet or network.
cross-linked clusters Errors caused when more than one file points to a cluster, and the files appear to share the same disk space, according to the file allocation table.
defragment To “optimize” or rewrite a file to a disk in one contiguous chain of clusters, thus speeding up data retrieval.
disk quotas A limit placed on the amount of disk space that is available to users. Requires a Windows 2000/XP NTFS volume.
Files and Settings Transfer Wizard Wizard utilized by a regular user to transfer files and preferences to a new PC
forgotten password floppy disk A Windows XP disk created to be used in the event the user forgets the user account password to the system.
fragmentation The distribution of data files on a hard drive or floppy disk such that they are stored in noncontiguous clusters.
fragmented files A file that has been written to different portions of the disk so that it is not in contiguous clusters.
global user accounts Sometimes called a domain user account, the account is used at the domain level, created by an administrator, and stored in the SAM (security accounts manager) database on a Windows 2000 or Windows 2003 domain controller.
Group Policy A console used to apply settings that manage what the user can do and how the system can be used.
group profile A group of user profiles. All profiles in the group can be changed by changing the group profile.
Guests A Windows 2000/XP user account that is intended to be utilized by people who use a workstation only once or occasionally and have limited access to files and resources.
Created by: Zach Blaisdell