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Poetry s

Poetry A type of literature that expresses ideas feelings or tells a story in a specific form
Point of view in poetry Poet-a author of a poem speak-narrator of a poem
Form the appearance of the words on the page.
line- a group of words together on one line of the poem.
stanza a group of lines arranged together.
couplet a two line stanza
triplet a three line stanza
quatrain a four line stanza
quintet a five line stanza
sextet a six line stanza
septet a seven line stanza
octave an eight line stanza
rhythm the beat created by sounds in a poem.
meter a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
meter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern.
meter cont. foot-unit of meter
types of feet-types of feet are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed sybales
meter cont. iambic-unstressed,stressed trochaic-stressed, unstressed dactylic-stressed,unstressed, unstressed.
manometer one foot on a line
diameter two feet on a line
trimeter three feet on a line
tetrameter Four feet on a line
pentameter five feet on a line
hexameter six feet on a line
heptameter seven feet on a line
octometer eight feet on a line
blank verse poetry written lines of iambic pentameter but does not use end rhyme.
rhyme words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds
end rhyme a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line.
internal a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line.
near rhyme the words share either the same vowel or consonant sound but not both
rhyme scheme a rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme end rhyme.
SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME A mighty creature is the germ, Though smaller than the pachyderm. His customary dwelling place Is deep within the human race. His childish pride he often pleasesBy giving people strange diseases.Do you, my poppet, feel infirm? You probably contain a
ONOMATOPOEIA Words that imitate the sound they are naming .
ALLITERATION Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words.
CONSONANCE The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words.
ASSONANCE Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry. .
REFRAIN A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem..
LYRIC A short poem.
HAIKU A Japanese poem written in three lines.
CINQUAIN A five line poem containing 22 syllables.
SHAKESPEAREAN SONNET A fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme..
NARRATIVE POEMS A poem that tells a story..
CONCRETE POEMS In concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem..
SIMILE A comparison of two things using “like, as than,” or “resembles..”
METAPHOR A direct comparison of two unlike things.
EXTENDED METAPHOR A metaphor that goes several lines or possible the entire length of a work.
IMPLIED METAPHOR The comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated..
Hyperbole Exaggeration often used for emphasis.
Litotes Understatement - basically the opposite of hyperbole. Often it is ironic..
PERSONIFICATION An animal given human-like qualities or an object given life-like qualities.
Stanza A group of lines forming a unit in a poem or song similar to a paragraph in prose..
Rhyme Scheme Rhyme Scheme The pattern in rhyme or verse which represents identical or highly familiar final sounds in lines of verse (for example, aabba in a limerick).
Repetition The recurrence of sounds, words, or phrases, lines, or stanzas used for emphasis. .
Refrain A passage repeated at regular intervals, usually in a poem or song. .
Imagery Language the creates a sensory impression within the reader’s mind..
Symbolism The author’s use of an object, person, place or event that has both a meaning in itself and stands for something larger than itself.
Created by: COOL_KID32