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short storie terms

literary terms

oppeses the main character.Sometimes called a villain. Antagonist
persons, animails,or some things in a literary work. characterization
The point of greatest emotional interest, intenisty, or supense in a narrative. Climax
a struggle between oppposing forces. conflict
the author reveals directly the character and personality traits of a character and personality traits of a character by standing directly what he wants the read to know. direct
characters who experience some change in personality or attitude from the beginning to the end of a story dynamic characters
a long narrative poem about the adventure of gods or a hero epic
basic information at the beginnings of a story that includes character and background information essential to the story expostion
character struggles against an outside force : Man vs. Man;Man vs. nature;Man vs. Socciety external conflict
falling action all events leading to resolution of the central conflict
first person point of the reader sees and knows only what the narrator sees and knows. the narrator is limted .
view to his own involvement or experience
flash back gan interruption in the sequence of events to remmber something of the past.
flat characters characters who have only one or two "slides" representing only one or two personality
foil a character who is contrastes with another and is a direct opposite/ thus intensifying the impact of that other character
foreshadow the use or hints or clues in a narrative to suggest what action is to come.
formal essay essay that is serious in tone, tightly organized, and generally objective
framework story a story that contains a story within it
free verse poetry that has no fixed meter or pattern and depends on natural speech rhythms
genre any divison or type of poetry, prose,and drama.
haiku three line poem, usually about natrue, with 17 syllables. frist line 5syallbles second line 7 syllables third line 5 syllables
hero/heroine character whose actions are inspiring or noble. often heros struggle to overcome foes or escape difficult situation.
hyperbole a deliberate exaggeration or overstatement ex: i could eat a horse
Imagery lanage that appeals to any sense or any combination of the five senses
indirect characterization the character and personality traits of character are revealed through what the character says , thinks does and what other characters say and think about him.
informal essay eassy that ranges freely over the subject and alows the reader to see into the writers personality
internal conflict character struggles aginst himself man vs himself
internal rhyme rhyme that occurs within a line. ex once upon a midnight dreary while i pondered weak and weary
irony the general name given to literary techniques that invole surprising, interesting, or amusing, contradictions
limerick a five line poem. the frist, second and fifth lines rhyme and have three beats. the thrid and fourth lines rhyme and have two beats. the poems are usually silly and humorous.
limerick poetry poetry that expresses a speaker's personal thoughts or feelings ex; elegy ,ode,sonnet
main character most important character in a literary work (protagonist)
metaphor Implied comparsion between two unlike things
meter arrangement of stressted and unstressted syllables into syllables into pattern
metonymy figure of speech that substitutes somtehing closely realted for the thing actually meant. ex; lend me your ear ear is meant to represent attention , not the literal body part.
minor/secondary character character who is not as important as the major or main character
monolouge talk or reading presented by one person uninterrupted speech delivered by one character in a play to other characters who are at least present, if not listeing
mood/atmoshpere that feeling that a literary work gives its reader details of the setting are especially effective in establishing this
moral a lesson taught by a literary work. ususally in fable the moral is directly stated at the end
motif a mina element idea theme detail or image that is repeated throughout a piece of literature usually for emphasis
myth a traditionally story unknown authorship usually with a historical basis but serving to explain some phenomenon of natrue, the orgin of man.
narrative hook introduces the central conflict
narrative poetry poetry that tell sin writing
narrator narrative anyone who recounts a narrative either
ode long, formal lyric poem with a serious theme
onomatopoeia the use of words that imitate sounds
oral tradition the passing down of sotires
oxymoron figure of speech that fuses two contradicting or opposing ideas ex:"bittersweet"
parable a short narrative design to convey a moral truth
paradox a statement that seems to be contradictory but actually represents a truth
parody a work done in imitation of another, usually in order to mock it, but sometimes just in fun
personification a figure or speech in which an animal, object, natural force, or an idea is given personality
persuasive writing writing that is meant to influence a person to change his or her ideas or actions
plot the sequence of related events in a literary work
plot diagram narrative hook, exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution, denouement.
poetry writing which combines language,imagery, and sound to crate a special emotional effect
point of view the vantage point from which a narrative is told
prose all forms of written or spoken expression without regular rhythm
protagonist sometimes called the main character of a piece of literature
pun play on words involves a word or phrase that has two different meanings, or it may involve using two different words or phrases with the same sound
Created by: reginaandrus



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