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Medical terminology Final; ACC Ontario

Metr/o, metri/o Uterus, to measure
-metry measurement
-mortem death
-motor movement
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow (with -blast, -cyte, -genous, -oma)
myos/o muscle
myring/o eardrum
nas/o nose
nat/i birth
necr/o death
neo- new
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
norm/o rule,order
nos/o disease
obstetr/o midwife
ocul/o eye
odont/o tooth
-oid pertaining to, resembling
-oma tumor,mass,swelling
onc/o tumor
onycho/o nail
o/o egg
oophor/ ovary
opthalm/o eye
-opsy process of viewing
opt/o, optic/o eye
or/o mouth
orch/o testicle, testis
orchi/o testicle,testis
orchid/o testicle/testis
ortho/o straight
-osis abnormal condition
osm/o smell
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
-ous pertaining to
ovari/o ovary
pancreat/o pancreas
para- along the side of, beside, near
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
-partum birth
path/o disease
-pathy disease condition
ped/o child
pelv/o hip bone
-penia deficiency
per- through
peri- surrounding
peritone/o peritoneum (membrane around abdominal organs)
perone/o fibula
-pexy fixation (surgical)
phak/o lens of the eye
phalang/o phalanges (fingers & toe bones)
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
-phasia speech
-philia attraction to
phleb/o vein
phern/o mind
phern/o diaphragm
pituitar/o pituitary gland
plas/o development, formation, growth
-plasm development, formation, growth
-plasia formation, growth
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
pleur/o pleur (membranes surrounding the lungs)
-pnea breathing
pneum/o air,lung
pneumon/o lung
-poiesis formation
poly- many,much
post- after,behind
poster/o back,behind
pre- before
pro-, pros- before, forward
prosth/o artificial replacement
proct/o anus & rectum
prostat/o prostate gland
psych/o mind
-ptosis prolapse,sagging
-ptysis spitting
pulmon/o lung
pyel/o renal pelvis (central section of the kidney)
radi/o x-rays, radius (lateral lower arm bone)
re-, retro- behind, back
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
retin/o retina of the eye
rhabdomy/o striated (skeletal)n muscle
rheumat/o flow,fluid
rhin/o nose
-rrhage excess flow of blood
-rrhagia excess flow of blood
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge,flow
a-,an- no, not
ab- away from
abdomin/o abdomen
-ac pertaining to
ad- toward
aden/o gland
adenoid/o adenoids
adren/o adrenal glands
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
alveol/o alveolus( air sac within the lung)
amni/o aminion(sacs that surrounds the embryo)
-an pertaining to
ana- up,apart
an/o anus
angi/o vessel (blood)
ante- before, forward
anter/0 front
anti- against
aort/o aorta
append/o,appendic/o appendix
-ar pertaining to
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o small artery
arthr/o joint
-ary pertaining to
ather/o fatty plaque
-ation process, condition
aur/o ear
aut- self
axill/o armpit
balan/o penis
bari/o weight
bi- two
bi/o life
blephar/o eyelid
brady- slow
bronch/o bronchial tube
bronchiol/o small bronchial tube
calcane/o calcaneus (heel bone)
capillar/o capillary
carcin/o cancer, cancerous
cardi/o heart
carp/o wrist bone (carpals)
-cele hernia
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum( posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cervic/o neck
chem/o drug,chemical
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
chondro/o cartilage
chron/o time
-cision process of cutting
cis/o to cut
clavicul/o clavicle (collarbone)
-coccus bacterium (berry-shaped); plural: -cocci
coccyg/o tailbone
col/o colon (large intestine)
colon/o colon
colp/o vagina
comi/o to care for
con- with,together
coni/o dust
-coniosis abnormal condition of dust
coron/o heart
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
crin/o secrete
-crine secretion
-crit separation
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cyst/o urinary bladder
-cyte cell
cyt/o cell
dactyl/o fingers or toes
dent/i tooth
dermat/o,derm/o skin
dia- thorough,complete
-dipsia thirst
duoden/o duodenum
dur/o dura mater (outermost meningeal layer)
-dynia pain
dys- abnormal,bad,difficult, painful
sacr/o sacrum
salping/o fallopian (uturine) tube
-salpinx fallopian (uturine) tube
sarc/o flesh
scapul/o shoulder blade(bone)
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrament to view or visually examine
-scopy process of visual examination
scrot/o scrotal sac, scrotum
-section process of cutting into
sent/o infection
septic/o infection
-sis condition
-somatic pertaining to the body
son/o sound
-spasm constriction
spin/o backbone, spine, vertebra
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o backbone, vertebra
-stasis control, stop; place, to stand
-stat stop, control
-stenosis narrowing
stern/o sternum(breastbone)
stomat/o mouth
-stomy opening
sub- below, under
supra- above
sym- with, together(use before b, p, and m)
syn- with, together
tachy- fast
tendin/o, ten/o tendon
-tension pressure
theli/o, thel/o nipple
-therapy treatment
-thesis put, place
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
thym/o thymus gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o, thyroaden/o thyroid gland
tibi/o tibia or shin bone(large lower leg bone)
-tic pertaining to
-tomy incision, process of cutting into
tonsill/o tonsils
top/o to put, place
trache/o trachea, windpipe
trans- across, through
tri- three
troph/o development, nourishment
-trophy development, nourishment
tympan/o eardrum
uln/o ulna(mesial lower arm bone)
ultra- beyond
-um structure
ungu/o nail
uni- one
urether/o urether
urethr/o urethra
ur/o urine, urinary tract
-uria urine condition
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vagina
vas/o vas deferens, vessel
vascul/o blood vessel
ven/o vein
venul/o venule
vertebr/o backbone, vertebra
vesic/o urinary bladder
-y condition, process
-eal pertaining to
ec- out,outside
-ectasia dilation,stretching,widening
ecto- out,outside
-ectomy excision
electr/o electricity
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
en- in,inner,within
encephal/o brain
endo- within,inner
endocrin/o endocrine glands
endometr/o endometrium
enter/o intestine
epi- above,upon
epiglott/o epiglottis
epithlei/o skin
erythr/o red
esophag/o esophagus
esthesi/o sensation
ex-,exo-,extra- out,outside
femor/o femur,thigh bone
fibr/o fibrous tissue
fibul/o fibula(smaller lower leg bone)
gastr/o stomach
gen/o to produce
-gen production,formation
-genesis producing,forming
-genic pertaining to producing,produced by
ger/o old age
-globin protein
glyc/o sugar
gnos/o knowledge
-gram record
-graphy process of recording, to record
gynec/o woman,female
hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
humer/o humerus(upper arm bone)
hydr/o water
hyper- above,excessive,more than normal
hypo- below,less than normal
hypophys/o pituitary gland
hyster/o uterus
-ia condition
-ian practitioner
iatr/o treatment
-ic,-ical pertaining to
ile/o ilium(third part of small intestine)
ili/o ilium(upper part of hip bone)
in- in,into
-ine pertaining to
infra- below
inguin/o groin
inter- between
intra- within
-ior pertaining to
isch/o to hold back
-ism condition,process
-ist specalist
-itis inflammation
jejun/o jejunum
lapar/o abdomen
-lapse slide
laryng/o larynx(voice box)
later/o side
ligament/o ligament
leiomy/o smooth muscle
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
-listhesis sliding
lith/o stone
-lith stone
-logist one who specializes in study of
-logy process of study, study of
lumb/o loin,waist region
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph nodes
lymphangi/o lumph vessel
lys/o breakdown,destruction
-lysis breakdown,destruction
mal- bad
-malacia softening
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
mediastin/o mediastinum
medull/o medulla oblngata
-megaly enlargement
men/o menstration
mening/o meninges
meta- beyond,change
metacarp/o metacarpals
metatars/o metatarsals
-meter measure
Created by: STgirls
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