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AST Cert. Exam

ST Certification Practice Exam #1-5

QuestionAnswer
1.Which of the following structures is located in the alveolar processes?(TEETH/ VILLI/ SINUSES/ TONSILS) TEETH
2.Which of the following is the wound classification for a bronchoscopy?(CLEAN/ CONTAMINATED/ DIRTY AND INFECTED/ CLEAN-CONATAMINATED) CLEAN-CONTAMINATED
3.The enzyme used to soften the zonules of the lens before cataract surgery is? (ATROPINE SULLFATE/ ALPHA-CHYMOTRYPSIN/ ACETYLCHOLINE CHLORIDE/ PILOCARPINE HYDROCHLORIDE) ALPHA-CHYMOTRYPSIN
4. How should the stretcher be oriented when necessary to use an elevator to transport a patient to the OR? ( PLACE STRETCHER SIDEWAYS IN ELEVATOR/ENTER HEAD FIRST EXIT FEET FIRST/POSITION IN ELEVATOR IS IRRELEVANT/ ENTER FEET FIRST EXIT HEAD FIRST) ENTER HEAD FIRST EXIT FEET FIRST
5.Which of the following is a curved,transverse incision across the lower abdomen frequently used in gynecological surgery? (MIDLINE/ PARAMEDIAN/ MCBURNEYS/ PFANNENSTIEL) PFANNENSTIEL
6. When perforated metal trays are placed on the shelves of the steam sterilizing cart, they should be positioned? (FLAT/UPSIDE DOWN/VERTICAL/ ANGELED) FLAT
7. Hyperkalemia is a high concentration of? (CALCIUM/ NITROGEN/ POTASSIUM/ ALBUMIN) POTASSIUM
9.Which laser bean can travel through clear tissues without heating them? (ARGON/ EXCMER/ CARBON DIOXIDE/ NEODYMIUM: YAG) ARGON
10. Permission for treatment given with full knowledge of the risks is a/an?( TORT/ MALPRACTICE/ PERSONAL LIABILITY/ INFORMED CONSENT) INFORMED CONSENT
11. Which portion of the stomach surrounds the lower esophageal sphincter?( CARDIA/ FUNDUS/ PYLORUS/ ANTRUM) CARDIA
12. Low level disinfectant kills most microbes, BUT DO NOT DESTROY?( VIRUSES/ BACTERIA/ FUNGI/ SPORES) SPORE
13. Syndactyly refers to? (CLEFT PALATE/ WEBBED FINGERS/ FUSED TARSALS/ TORN LIGAMENTS) WEBBED FINGERS
14. The surgical pack utilized to create the sterile field should be opened on the? ( STRETCHER/ OR TABLE/ BACK TABLE/ MAYO STAND) BACK TABLE
15. The islets of Langerhans secrete? ( BILE/ INSULIN/ INTRINSIC FACTOR/ INHIBITING HORMONES) INSULIN
16. What type of procedure would involve the removal of teeth?( CLEF PALATE REPAIR/ ARCH BAR APPLICATION/ EXTRACTIONS/ IMPLANTS) EXTRACTIONS
17. Which organism is a normal resident flora of the intestinal tract?(ESCHERICHIA COLI/ STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS/ PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA/ CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI) ESCHERICHIA COLI
18.Where should the first scrub surgical tech. stand when handling towels to the surgeon to square off an incision site? ( OPPOSITE SIDE FROM THE SURGEON/ SAME SIDE AS SURGEON/ FOOT OF OR TABLE/ HEAD OF OR TABLE) SAME SIDE AS SURGEON
19. A properly performed surgical scrub renders the skin? (STERILE/ DISINFECTED/ SURGICALLY CLEAN/ MOISTENED AND DEHYDRATED) SURGICALLY CLEAN
20.Through which of the following do the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct empty?(AMPULLA OF VATER/ DUCT OF SANTORINI/ WIRSUNG'S DUCT/ SPHINCTER OF ODDI) AMPULLA OF VATER
21. Which of the following identifiers must be verified by the patient or their ID bracelet prior to transporting a patient to the OR? (NAME, SS#, PHYSICIAN/ NAME, MEDICAL RECORD #, ALLERGIES/ NAME, DOB DIAGNOSIS/ NAME, DOB PHYSICIAN) NAME DOB PHYSICIAN
22. What are spiral-shaped bacteria called?( COCCI/ BACILLI/ SPIRILLI/ DIPLOCOCCI) SPIRILLI
23.The primary function of the gallbladder is to? ( STORE BILE/ PRODUCE BILE/ EMULSIFY FATS/ METABOLIZE FATS) STORE BILE
24.Which of the following is an non-sterile member of the surgical team?(SURGEON/ CIRCULATOR/ SURGICAL ASSISTANT/ SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST) CIRCULATOR
25. Which of the following is NOT a benefit of using surface-mounted sliding doors for access to the OR?( USES LESS SPACE FOR OPENING/ AID IN CONTROLLING TEMP./ ELIMINATE AIR TURBULENCE/ PROVIDES FOR THOROUGH CLEANING) AID IN CONTROLLING TEMPERATURE
26.What are the three factors for reducing ionizing radiation exposure?(TYPE OF PROCEDURE,EQUIP., RADIATION DOSE/ EXPOSURE, FREQUENCY, CONCENTRATION/ TIME SHIELDING, DISTANCE/ SITE, AGE GENDER) TIME SHIELDING,DISTANCE
27. Which is the first part of the small intestine? (DUODENUM/ JEJUNUM/ ILEUM/ CECUM) DUODENUM
28.What is the surgical position frequently used for patients undergoing kidney surgery?(PRONE/ LATERAL/ SUPINE/ LITHOTOMY) LATERAL
29.How are rickettsiae transmitted?( ARTHROPOD BITES/ PHYSICAL CONTACT/ BLOOD EXPOSURE/ AIRBORNE ORGANISMS) ARTHROPOD BITES
30. Which of the following is an examination of the cervix using a binocular microscope?(COLPOSCOPY/ LAPAROSCOPY/URETHROSCOPY/ HYSTEROSCOPY) COLPOSCOPY
31. Compression of the heart from excessive fluid or blood buildup is called?(TAMPONADE/ PERICARDITIS/ INFARCTION/ CARDIOMYOPATHY) TAMPONADE
32.Which surgical team member determines when the patient can be transported from the OR to the PACU?(ANESTHESIA PROVIDER/ CIRCULATOR/ SURGEON/ SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST) ANESTHESIA PROVIDER
33.Which suffix means surgical puncture to remove fluid?(-DYNIA/-TOMY/-LYSIS/-CENTESIS) -CENTESIS
34.To which portion of the colon is the is the appendix attached?(ASCENDING/ DESCENDING/ CECUM/ SIGMOID) CECUM
35.Which laboratory test determines bacterial identification?(GRAM STAIN/ MANUAL COUNT/ PROTHROMBIN TIME/ GEL ELECTROPHORESIS) GRAM STAIN
36.Medication used to dilate the pupil is called?( MIOTICS/ MYOPICS/ MYDRIATICS/ MUSCARINICS) MYDRIATICS
37.Which of the following drapes is non-fenestrated?(LAPAROTOMY/ U-DRAPE/ TRANSVERSE/ CRANIOTOMY) U-DRAPE
38.Under what circumstances would it be appropriate 2 remove a patient's ID bracelet?(DURING INSERTION OF AN IV CATHETER/ NEVER UNTIL PATIENT IS DISCHARGED 4RM FACILITY/ POST-OP WHEN TAKEN 2 NURSING UNIT/ WHEN PATIENT IS AWAKE/ALERT & VERBALLY IDENT. SELF NEVER UNTIL PATIENT IS DISCHARGED FROM FACILITY
39.What is the position most commonly used for mitral valve replacement?(PRONE/ SIMS/ SUPINE/ KRASKE) SUPINE
40.Which laser is best used during a vitrectomy?(CARBON DIOXIDE/ ND:YAG/ EXCIMER/ ARGON) ARGON
41.Which of the following monitors provides positive assurance of sterility?(CLERICAL/ MECHANICAL/ BIOLOGICAL/ CHEMICAL) BIOLOGICAL
42.The apron-like structure attached to the greater curvature of the stomach is the?(OMENTUM/ MESENTERY/ LIGAMENTUM/ PERITONEUM) OMENTUM
43.Which microbe lives without oxygen?(AEROBES/ ANAEROBES/ CAPNOPHILES/ MICROAEROPHILES) ANAEROBES
44. Which of the following is an abnormal tract between two epithelium-lined surfaces that is open at both ends?(EPITHELIAZATION/ FISTULA/ HERNIATION/ SINUS) FISTULA
45. What is the action of antagonist drugs?(INHIBITS THE CLOTTING PROCESS/ ACHIEVE NEUROLEPTANESTHESIA/ INCREASE THE EFFECTS OF OPIATES/ COUNTERACT THE ACTON OF ANOTHER DRUG) COUNTERACT THE ACTION OF ANOTHER DRUG
46.Which of the following directional terms describes the type of skin prep of an entire extremity?(SPIRAL/ HORIZONTAL/ LONGITUDINAL/ CIRCUMFERENTIAL) CIRCUMFFERNTIAL
47.What organs are excised if an ovarian tumor is malignant?(BILATERAL OVARIES ONLY/ BILATERAL FALLOPIAN TUBES & OVARIES, UTERUS/ UNILATERAL INVOLVED OVARY AND FALLOPIAN TUBE/ UNILATERAL INVOLVED OVARY AND FALLOPIAN TUBE, UTERUS) BILATERAL FALLOPIAN TUBES & OVARIES, UTERUS
48.Which term refers to an abnormal thoracic curve of the spine referred to as "hunchback"?(LORDOSIS/ SCOLIOSIS/ KYPHOSIS/ ALKALOSIS) KYPHOSIS
49.What is the medical term for a bunion?(TALIPES VALGUS/ HALLUX VALGUS/ HALLUX VARUS/ TALIPES VARUS) HALLUX VALGUS
50.What incision is also known as a lower oblique?(INGUINAL/ PARAMEDIAN/ INFRAUMBILICAL/ THORACOABDOMINAL) INGUINAL
51.The small intestine attaches to the posterior abdominal wall by the?(MESENTERY/ PERITONEUM/ FALCIFORM LIGAMENT/ LESSER OMENTUM) MESENTERY
52. What is the term for a relationship in which two organisms occupy the same area and one organism benefits while the other is unharmed?( COMMENSALISM/ NEUTRALISM/ MUTUALISM/ PARASITISM) COMMENSALISM
53.A topical steroid used to reduce inflammation after eye surgery is?(DEPO-MEDROL/ MIOCHOL/ HEALON/ WYDASE) DEPO-MEDROL
54.How is the surgical informed consent signed if an adult patient is illiterate?(AUTHORIZED INDIVIDUAL SIGN PT'S NAME/ PT MARKS WITH A "X" & WITNESS VERIFIES/ RN & SURGEON SIGN THAT PATIENT GAVE CONSENT/ SURGEON & RISK MANAGER SIGN CONSENT) PATIENT MAKES WITH AN X AND WITNESS VERIFIES
55.What direction should the stretcher be oriented when transporting a patient to the OR dept.?(FEET FIRST,SIDE RAILS UP/ FEET FIRST,SLIDE RAILS DOWN/ HEAD FIRST,SIDE RAILS UP/ HEAD FIRST,SIDE RAILS DOWN) FEET FIRST,SIDE RAILS UP
56.Which of the following routine pre-op laboratory studies would be ordered for premenopausal woman with no history of hysterectomy?(HCG/ HBV/ HIV/ HDL) HCG
57.Which portion of the surgical gown is considered non-sterile?(OUTSIDE CLOSURE TIES/ 2" BELOW THE NECKLINE TO TABLE LEVEL/ UPPER ARMS, NECKLINE & AXILLARY REGION/ SLEEVES; 2" ABOVE THE ELBOWS TO THE CUFFS) UPPER ARMS,NECKLINE AND AXILLARY REGION
58.What is the name of the urinary catheter with a small, curved tapered tip used on pts with urethral strictures?(IGLESIAS/ COUDE/ PIGTAIL/ BONANNO) COUDE
59. What is the surgical position commonly used for thyroid and gallbladder surgery?(SUPINE/ FOWLER'S/ REVERSE TRENDELENBURG/ LATERAL KIDNEY) REVERSE TRENDELENBURG
60.A congenital defect in which the fetal blood vessel between the pulmonary artery and aorta DOES NOT close is?(COARCTATION OF THE AORTA/ PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS/ TETRALOGY OF FALLOT/ VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT) PATENT DUCTUS ARETERIOSUS
61. Which of the following is a commonly used preservative for tissue specimens?( SALINE/ FORMALIN/ ETHYL ALCOHOL/ LUGOL'S SOLUTION) FORMALIN
62.What is the first step taken for an incorrect sponge count?(NOTIFY SURGEON/ XRAY PATIENT/ REPEAT COUNT/ COMPLETE INDICENT REPORT) NOTIFY SURGEON
63. The mumps may be diagnosed by finding inflammation in which of the following glands?(SUBLINGUAL/ THYROID/ PAROTID/ SUBMANDIBULAR) PAROTID
64.What institutional document is completed when an adverse or unusual event takes place in the OR that may have legal consequence for the staff or patient?(INCIDENT REPORT/ OPERATIVE RECORD/ DEPOSITION REPORT/ ADVANCE DIRECTIVE) INCIDENT REPORT
65. For which procedure would Trendelenburg position provide optimal visualization?(CHOLECYSTECTOMY/ HYSTERECTOMY/ THYROIDECTOMY/ ACROMIOPLASTY) HYSTERECTOMY
66. Which of the folllowing is a nonadherent dressing?(KLING/ ADAPTIC/ COLLODION/ ELASTOPLAST) ADAPTIC
67.Which of the followiing is fenstrated drape?(INCISE/ U-DRAPE/ APERTURE/ HALF-SHEET) APERTURE
68.Which of the following terms describes a hernia that occurs within Hesselbach's triangle?(DIRECT/ INDIRECT/ FEMORAL/ HIATAL) DIRECT
69.Which of the following incision is oblique?(EPIGASTRIC/ KOCHER/ PARMEDIAN/ PFANNENSTIEL) KOCHER
70.Which of the following dilators are used in the common duct?(PRATT/ VAN BUREN/ BAKES/ HEGAR) BAKES
71.Which of the following is mechanical methods of hemostasis?(LASER/ LIGATURE/ THROMBIN/ ELECTROSURGERY) LIGATURE
72. The organ that is connected by a duct to the duodenum is the?(PANCREAS/ GALLBLADDER/ STOMACH/ LIVER) PANCREAS
73.A brain tumor causing alteration of muscle tone, voluntary muscle coordination, gait and balance would likely be located in the?(DIENCEPHALON/ CEREBELLUM/ MEDULLA/ PONS) CEREBELLUM
74. What is the term for a relationship that benefits one organism at the expense of another?(COMMENSALISM/ NEUTRALISM/ MUTUALISM/ PARASITISM) PARASITISM
75.What type of disease is chracterized by rapid onset and a rapid recovery?(ACUTE/ CHRONIC/ PRIMARY ASYMPTOMATIC) ACUTE
76.Which organelle is responsible for the production of energy?(LYSOSOMES/MITOCHONDRIA/ GOLGI COMPLEX/ ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM) MITOCHONDRIA
77. What type of anesthesia is a combination of inhalation and intravenous drugs?(SPINAL/ SEDATION/ REGIONAL/ BALANCED) BALANCED
78.Who is ultimately responsible for obtaining the surgical informed consent?(GUARDIAN/ PATIENT/ SURGEON/ NURSE) SURGEON
79.What position is most commoly used for neurosurgical procedures?(SUPINE/ SEMI-FOWLER'S/ TRENDELENBURG/ LITHOTOMY) SUPINE
80.The outer layer of the intestine is the?(MUCOSA/ SEROSA/ MUSCULARIS/ SUBMUCOSA) SEROSA
81.Which of the following solution should be used to prep the donor site for a split-thickness skin graft?(LODOPHOR/ AVAGARD/ CHLORHEXIDINE/ MERTHIOLATE) CHLORHEXIDINE
82.What type of drape would be used for a flank procedure?(TRANSVERSE/ EXTREMITY/ APERTURE/ PERINEAL) TRANSVERSE
83.Where should the safety strap be placed on a patient who is in the supine position?(BELOW THE KNEES/ ACROSS THE WAIST/ OVER THE THIGHS/ ACROSS THE ABDOMEN) OVER THE THIGHS
84.Which surgical procedure is performed to correct an abnormality in which the urethral meatus is situated on the superior of the penis?(HYPOSPADIAS REPAIR/ EPISPADIAS REPAIR/ MEATOTOMY/ URETERONEOCYSTOSTOMY) EPISPADIAS REPAIR
85.Which thermal method of hemostasis utilizes intense, focused light?(LASER/ BIPOLAR/ HARMONIC/ MONPOLAR) LASER
86.What is the most common cause of intracerebral hemorrhage?(HYPOTENSION/ HYPERTENSION/ MENINGIOMA/ MENINGITIS) HYPERTENSION
87.The larynx is located between the?(PHARYNX AND TRACHEA/ NASAL CAVITY AND PHARYNX/ TRACHEA AND BRONCHI/ NASAL AND ORAL CAVITIES) PHARYNX AND TRACHEA
88.The most common cause of retinal detachment is?(AGING/ TRAUMA/ GLAUCOMA/ INFLAMMATION) TRAUMA
89.What post-op complication is associated with total hip arthroplasty?(COMPARTMENT SYNDROME/ UPPER EXTREMITY WEAKNESS/ URINARY INCONTINENCE/ PULMONARY EMBOLISM) PULMONARY EMBOLISM
90.Which of the following is a type of passive drain?(PENROSE/ HEMOVAC/ PLEUR-EVAC/ JACKSON-PRATT) PENROSE
91.The vocal cords are located in the?(PHARYNX/ LARYNX/ TRACHEA/ BRONCHUS) LARYNX
92.What type of acquired immunity is a vaccination?(ARTIFICIAL PASSIVE/ ARTIFICIAL ACTIVE/ NATURAL PASSIVE/ NATURL ACTIVE) ARTIFICAL ACTIVE
93.When would the anesthesia provider request cricoid pressure?(BIER BLOCK, EPIDURAL INJECTION/ ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION/ ENDOTRACHEAL EXTUBATION) ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION
94.Which instrument would be used during a keratoplasty to remove the cornea?(TREPHINE/ WESTCOTT/ OCULOTOME/ PHACOEMULSIFIER) TREPHINE
95.What is the required minimum of individuals to transfer an incapacitated patient from the OR table to the stretcher?(3/ 4/ 5/ 6) 4
96.Which of the following regulations states that blood and body fluids should beconsidered infectious?BODY SUBSTANCE ISOLATION RULES/ MEDICAL DEVICE SAFETY ACT/ POSTEXPOSURE PROPHYLXIS/ STANDARD PRECAUTIONS) STANDARD PRECAUTION
97.Which of the following is a major source of distress for toddler and preschools age patients being transpored to the OR?(ROOM TEMP. CHANGE/ LACK OF COMMUNICATION/ FEAR OF ANESTHESIA/ SEPERATION ANXIENTY) SEPARATION ANXIETY
98.Which structure has oral, nasal, and laryngeal divisions?(ESOPHAGUS/ TRACHEA/ PHARYNX/ GLOTTIS) PHARYNX
99.Otoplasty is perfomed to correct a congenital deformity of which structure?(MOUTH/ NOSE/ EAR/ EYE) EAR
100.An injury a patient sustained as a result of the care given by a healthcare profssional is called?(IATROGENIC/ LIABILITY/ BATTERY/ TORT) IATROGENIC
101.The highly vascular layer of the eye that absorbs light rays and nourishes the retina?(SCLERA/ IRIS/ CHOROID/ MACULA) CHOROID
102.According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which of the following is the patient satisfying when he/she trusts the surgical team's abilities?(PHYSIOLOGICAL/ BELONGING/ ESTEEM/ SAFTEY) SAFETY
103.Which aneurysm usually develops between the renal and iliac arteries?(ASCENDING THORACIC/ AORTIC ARCH/ DESCENDING THORACIC/ ABDOMINAL AORTIC) ABDOMINAL AORTIC
104.The agent used to flush an artery to prevent clotting is?(HEPARIN/ THROMBIN/ PROTAMINE SULFATE/ RINGER'S LACTATE) HEPARIN
105.What is the next step for reattachment of a served dight after debridement?(VESSEL REANASTEOMOSIS/ NERVE REANASTOMOSIS/ BONE-TO-BONE FIXATION/ TENDON-TO-TENDON FIXATION) BONE-TO-BONE FIXATION
106.What type of skin graft includes the epidermis and all of the dermis?(COMPOSITE/ SPLIT-THICKNESS/ PEDICLE/ FULL-THICKNESS) FULL-THICKNESS
107.Which muscle type is striated and voluntary?(VISCERAL/ HEART/ SKELETAL/ CARDIAC) SKELETAL
108.Which of the following terms refers to absence of the external ear?(MICROTIA/ ANOPHTHALMIA/ CHEILOSCHISIS/ ECTROSYNDACTYLY) MICROTIA
109.What is the recommended maximum time limit for a tourniquet to remain inflated on an adult lower extremity?(30 MIN/ 660 MIN/ 1 1/2 HRS/ 2 1/2 HRS) 1 1/2 HOURS
110.Which organism causes gas gangrene?(CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS/ CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM/ STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS/ STAPHYLOCOCCUS EPIDERMIDIS) CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS
111.Chest rolls should span the distance bilaterally between which two anatomical structures?(NIPPLE TO UMBILICUS/ ILIAC CREST TO ILIAC CREST/ SCAPULA TO GLUTEUS MAXIMUS/ ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT TO ILIAC CREST) ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT TO ILIAC CREST
112.Which ossicle of the middle ear cover the oval window?(MALLEUS/ INCUS/ STAPES/ UTRICLE) STAPES
113.What is another name for the Kraske position?(DORSAL RECUMBENT/ JACKKNIFE/ TRENDELENBURG/ BEACH CHAIR) JACKKNIFE
114.What type of sponge is tightly rolled cotton tape used by surgeons for blunt dissection?(RAYTEC/ KITNER/ WECK-CEL/ COTTONOID) KITNER
115.Which of these instruments would be used during a kerratoplasty?(KINER HOOK/ BOWMAN PROBE/ KERRISON RONGEUR/ COTTINGHAM PUNCH) COTTIINGHAM PUNCH
116.A partially dislocated joint is called?(SUBLUXATION/ MALROTATION/ AVULSION/ MALUNION) SUBLUXATION
117.What condition is characterized by build-up of fatty deposits such as cholesterol?(EMBOLISM/ THROMBOSIS/ ARTEROSPASM/ ATHEROSCLEROSIS) ATHEROSCLEROSIS
118.Plaster rolls for casting should be submerged in which of the following?(LUKEWARM SALINE/ LUKEWARM WATER/ COLD SALINE/ COLD WATER) LUKEWARM WATER
119.The avascular,clear portion of the eye covering the iris is the?(CORNEA/ SCLERA/ PUPIL/ CONJUNCITVA) CORNEA
120.How often should surgical mask be changed?(AFTER LUNCH/ TWICE-A-DAY/ AFTER EACH CASE/ EVERY TWO HRS) AFTER EACH CASE
121.Which term describes a rod-shaped microorganism?(COCCUS/ BACILLUS/ SPIRILLUM/ HELICAL) BACILLUS
122.When using the warm cycle of the EtO sterilizer, what is the minimum sterilization temperature in Fahrenheit?(55/ 65/75/85) 85
123.Which of the following actions would be a violation of aseptic technique?(CUFFING THE HANDS W/IN THE DRAPE/ STERILE PERSON REACHING OVER STERILE SURFACE/ REPOSITIONING PENETRATING OF TOWEL CLIPS/ STERILE SURGICAL MEMBERS PASSING FACE-TO-FACE) REPOSITIONING PENETRATING OF TOWEL CLIPS
124.Which legal principle applies when patient is given the wrong dose of the local anesthetic?(RES IPSA LOQUITOR/ RESPONDEAT SUPERIOR/ BONA FIDE/ ASSUALT) RES IPSA LOQUITOR
125.The space between the vocal cords is called?(EPIGLOTTIS/ GLOTTIS/ VOCAL FOLD/ CRICOID CARITLAGE) GLOTTIS
126.Which bacteria could be found in a penetrating wound caused by a rusty nail?(TREPONEMA PALLIDUM/ BACILLUS ANTHRACIS/ CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI/ HELICOBACTER PYLORI) CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI
127.Which of the following retractors is used for spinal nerve roots?(TAYLOR/ LOVE/ CUSHING/ MEYERDING) LOVE
128.What is another name for the electrosurgical unit's patient return electrode?(CAUTERY/ GENERATOR/ FOOT PEDAL/ GROUNDING PAD) GROUNDING PAD
129.What size of Foley catheter is commonly used for adults?(8Fr/ 12Fr/16Fr/24Fr) 16FR
130.Which of the following tumors is typically benign, encapsulated, and arises from tissue covering the central nervous system structures?(MENINGIOMA/ ASTROCYTOMA/ SCHWANNOMA/ OLIGODENDROGLIOMA) MENINGIOMA
131.The fibrous white layer that gives the eye its shape is the?(IRIS/ CORNEA/ SCLERA/ CHOROID) SCLERA
132.What is the term for thread-like appendages that provide bacteria with motion?(FLAGELLA/ FIMBRIAE/ MESOSOMES/ MITOCHONDRIA) FLAGELLA
133.What surgical position provides optimal visualization of the lower abdomen or pelvis?(FOWLER'S/ REVERSE TRENDELENBURG/ TRENDELENBURG/ KRASKE) TRENDELENBURG
134.How many hours must an item submerse in glutaraldehyde to sterilize?(7/ 8/ 9/ 10) 10
135.When a patient's blood pressure is 135/81, 135 refers to?(DIASTOLIC SYSTOLIC/ PEDAL PULSE/ APICAL PRESSURE) SYSTOLIC
136.A term referring to a waxy secretion in the external ear canal is?(MUCOUS/ SPUTUM/ CERUMEN/ PERILYMPH) CERUMEN
137.Which of the following is an ossicle of the middle ear?(PINNA/ INCUS/ LABYRINTH/ VESTIBULE) INCUS
138.What is the term for the process of removing blood from an extremity prior to inflating the pneumatic tourniquet?(EXSANGUINATION/ EXTRAVASATION/ EVISCERATION/ EVACUATION) EXSANGUINATION
139.Which of the following may require probing and dilating in pediatric patients with upper respiratory infection?(SINUS CAVITIES/ EUSTACHIAN TUBE/ NASOLACRIMAL DUCTS/ TYMPANIC MEMBRANE) NASOLACRIMAL DUCTS
140.Which surgical team member is responsible for setting up the sterile field?(SURGICAL FIRST ASST/ SURGICAL TECH./ CIRCULATING NURSE/ SURGEON) SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST
141.In what circumstances would cell-saver transfusion be contraindicated?(AMEMIC PATIENT/ DIABETIC PATIENT/ CANCER PROCEDURES/ ORTHOPEDIC PROCEDURES) CANCER PROCEDURES
142.Use of an intraluminal (circular) stapler (EEA) would be indicated for which of the following surgical procedures?(PANCREATECTOMY/ CHOLECYSTECTOMY/ POLYPECTOMY/ SIGMOIDECTOMY) SIGMOIDECTOMY
143.Satinsky, Herrick, and Mayo clamp may be specifically used on which of the following structures?(KIDNEY PEDICLE/ SEMINAL VESICLE/ BLADDER NECK/ PROSTATE GLAND) KIDNEY PEDICLE
144.The nasal cavity is divided into two portion by the?(ETHOMOID/ SEPTUM/ VOMER/ SPHENOID) SEPTUM
145.Which of the following is used by the surgeon to intermittenly remove prostatic tissue fragments during a TURP?(RANDALL FORCEPS/ WIRE SNARE/ ELLIK EVACUATOR/ POOLE SUCTION) ELLIK EVACUATOR
146.Which type of hematoma is a result of torn bridging meningeal veins?(SUBDURAL/ EPIDURAL/ INTRACERBRAL/ INTRAVENTRICULAR) SUBDURAL
147.In addition to temperature, time and moisture, what is the fourth factor that determines the outcome of the steam sterililation process?(CONCENTRATION/ AERAITION/ WEIGHT/ PRESSURE) PRESSURE
148.The Bowie-Dick test is performed?(HOURLY/ DAILY/ WEEKLY/ MONTHLY) DAILY
149.The spiral, concical structure of the inner ear is the?(COCHLEA/ STAPES/ VESTIBULE/ LABYRITH) COCHLEA
150.What is the name of the condition in which a loop of bowel herniates into the Douglas's cul-de-sac?(CYSTOCELE/ RECTOCELE/ ENTEROCELE/OMPHALOCELE) ENTEROCELE
151.Which of these conditons is characterized by a fleshly encroachment of conjunctiva onto the cornea?(CHALAZION/ PTERYGIUM/ STRABISMUS/ ECCHYMOSIS) PTERYGIUM
152.Which procedure would be listed in the OR schedule for a patient undergoing surgical treatment of uterine fibroids?(PELVIC EXTERATION/ CERVICAL CERCLAGE/ COLPORRHAPHY/ MYOMECTOMY) MYOMECTOMY
153.Where is a Baker's cyst located?(OLECRANON PROCESSS/ GREATER TUBERCLE/ POPLITEAL FOSSA/ CARPAL TUNNEL) POPLITEAL FOSSA
154.Which of the following is a method of high-level disinfection?(PERACETIC ACID FOR 30 MIN/ 2% CIDEX FOR 20 MIN/ STEAM UNDER PRESSURE FOR 10 MIN/ HYDROGEN PEROXIDE GAS PLASMA FOR 75 MIN) 2% CIDEX FOR 20 MIN
155.Another name for the tympanic membrane is the?(EAR TUBE/ EAR CANAL/ EARLOBE/ EARDRUM) EARDRUM
156.What is the burn degree classification that involves the epidermis and subcutaneous tissue?(FIRST/ SECOND/ THIRD/ FOURTH) THIRD
157.Which portion of the ear is affected by Meniere's syndrome?(INNER/ MIDDLE/ EUSTACHIAN TUBE/ AUDITORY OSSICLES) INNER
158.The cartilaginous nasal septum is anterior to which bone?(HYOID/ VOMER/ MANDIBLE/ PALATINE) VOMER
159.The most reliable method 4 determining the efficiency of moist heat sterilizers is the controlled use of biological indicators containing the organism?(BACILLUS STEAROTHERMOPHILUS/ CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI/ BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS/ CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIA) CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI
160.Which neurosurgical pathology would a myelogram diagnose?(SUBDURAL HEMATOMA/ CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB/ SPINAL STENOSIS/ MYELOMENINGOCELE) SPINAL STENOSIS
161.Which of the following terms means a prolapsed bladder causing a bulge in the anterior vaginal wall?(RECTOCELE/CYSTOCELE/ ENTROCELE/ HERNIATION) CYSTOCELE
162.How many hours must the steam sterilization biological indicator incubate?(6/ 12/ 18/ 24) 24
163.The nasal sinus located between the nose and the orbits is the?(FRONTAL/ SPHENOID/ ETHMOID/ MAXILLARY) ETHMOID
164.What is the definition of otosclerosis?(EARACHE/ TINNNITUS/ TEARING OF TYMPANIC MEMBRANE/ BONEY OVERGROWTH OF STAPES) BONEY OVERGROWTH OF STAPES
165.Which of the following terms desribes a fracture in which the bone penetrates the skin?(COMMINUTED/ COMPOUND/ SIMPLE/ CLOSED) COMPOUND
167.For which of the following procedures would a McBurney incision be indicated?(APPENDECTOMY/ CHOLECYSTECTOMY/ HERNIORRHAPHYY/ GASTRECTOMYY) APPENDECTOMY
167.What degrees Celsius is the steam sterilization biological indicator incubated?(43-48/ 49-54/ 55-60/ 61-66) 55-60
168.What is the medical term removal of the uterus?(SALPINGECTOMY/ OOPHOORECTOMY/ MYOMECTOM/ HYSTERECTOMY) HYSTERECTOMY
169.Which of the following methods removes small organic particles and soil from the box locks and ratchets of instruments?(ULTRASONIC WASHER/ MANUAL CLEANING/ WASHER-STERILIZER/ ENZYMATIC SOAK) ULTRASONIC WASHER
170.What is the medical term for nosebleed?(RHINITIS/ SINUSITIS/ EPISTAXIS/ HEMOPTYSIS) EPISTAXIS
171What is the proper method for preparing a Frazier suction tip for steam sterilization?(LUMEN IS DRY/ DISTILLED WATER IN LUMEN/ STYLET IS LEFT INSIDE LUMEN/ DISINFECTANT SOLUTION IN LUMEN) DISTILLED WATER IN LUMEN
172.Which of the following is a telescoping of the intestines in neonates requiring immediate surgical intervention?(INTUSSUSCEPTION/ PYLORIC STENOSIS/ TETRALOGY OF FALLOT/ OMPHALOCELE) INTUSSUSCEPTION
173.The minimum Fahrenheit temp. for sterilization to occur in a prevacuum steam sterilizer is?(249-255/256-262/ 263-269/ 270-276) 270-276
174.What is the name of the procedure for the excision of the tunica vaginalis?(spermatocelectomy/ orchiectomy/ hydrocelectomy/ vasectomy) HYDROCELECTOMY
175.What is the minimum # of minutes to sterilize unwrapped metal instruments with lumen in the gravity displacement sterilizer at 270F?(5/ 10/ 15/ 20) 10
8. Which of the following tissue are cut using curved Mayo scissors?(FISTULA/ PERIOSTEUM/ DURA MATER/ ARTERIAL WALL) FISTULA
176.Which of the following is a type of tissue forceps?(BROWN-ADSON/ PEAN/ ALLIS/ SCHNIDT) BROWN-ADSON
177.Which endoescope is used to visualize the heart and major vessels?(VENTRICULOSCOPE/ BRONCHSOPE/ MEDIASTINOSCOPE/ ANGIOSCOPE) ANGIOSCOPE
178.The goal of the surgical scrub is to lower the population of which flora to irreducible minumum?(PARASITIC/ RESIDENT/ TRANSIENT/ ENTERIC) RESIDENT
179.Which needle is used during bladder suspension procedure for treating stress incontience in women?(STAMEY/ CHIBA/ DORSEY/ TRU-CUT) STAMEY
180.Which procedure can be performed without making an incision to treat varcose veins?(SCLEROTHERAPY/ VARICOCELECTOMY/ VEIN LIGATION/ VEIN STRIPPING) SCLEROTHERAPY
181.When repairing a direct hernia, the surgeon works within the anatomical triangle formed by the inguinal ligament inferior epigastric vessels and the lateral border of the rectus abdominis called?(FEMORAL/ ANTERIOR/ HESSELBACH'S/ CALOT'S) HESSELBACH'S
182.Which of the following is the correct post-op sequence of actions completed by the surgical tech.?1.Assist w/ post-op patient care 2.Remove drape 3.Remove gown and gloves 4.Break down sterile setup (2-1-4-3/ 2-3-1-4/ 3-2-4-1/ 4-2-1-3) 2-3-1-4
183.What should be completed before the sterile items are opened for the first procedure of the day?(LOWER TEMP IN THE OR/ WIPE DOWN FURNITURE AND SURFACES/ TEST STERILIZER IN SUBSTERILE ROOM/ TEST ANESTHESIA MACHINE) WIPE DOWN FURNITURE AND SURFACES
184.Cardiac muscles are controlled by which divsion of the nervous system?(SYMPATHETIC/ SOMATIC/ AUTONOMIC/ CENTRAL) AUTONOMIC
185.Oophor/o is the root word for which anatomical sturcture?(OVARY/ UTERUS/ CERVICAL OS/ FALLOPIAN TUBE) FALLOPIAN TUBE
186.In which of the following would absorable suture be contraindicated?( PERITONEUM/ MUSCLE/ INTESTINAL ANASTOMOSIS/ VASCULAR ANASTOMOSIS) VASCULAR ANASTOMOSIS
187.During a c-section, which organ is freed from the uterus to prevent injury?(PELVIC LIGAMENTS/ URETERS/ FALLOPIAN TUBES/ BLADDER) BLADDER
188.Which of the following refers to absence of pathogens?(PATHOLOGICAL/ ASEPTIC/ SEPTIC/ NOSOCOMIAL) ASEPTIC
189.Which surgical procedure would use the instrument shown below?{picture is of 2 currettes of 2 different sizes pg.59}(D&C/ COLPORRHAPHY/ LAVH/ MYOMECTOMY) D&C
190.What must be done prior to positioning a patient undergoing a posterior lumbar laminectomy?(ATTACHMENT OF ARM BOARDS/ PADDING OF KNEES/ ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION/ SKIN PREP) ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION
191.What is the name of the instrument shown below?{ picture on pg.60}(CARMALT/ OCHSNER/ ADAIR/ PENNINGTON) PENNINGTON
192.Which of the following damages the mastoid air cells and ossicles of the ear?(MENIERE'S DISEASE/ ACOUSTIC NEUROMA/ CHOLESTETOMA/ OTOSCLEROSIS) CHOLESTEATOMA
193.When placing a swaged needle onto a needle holder, the needle should be clamped?(1/3 DISTANCE FORM THE NEEDLE POINT/ 3/4 DISTANCE FROM THE NEEDLE POINT/ AT THE JUNCTION OF SUTURE AND NEEDLE/ 1/2 WAY DISTANCE FORM THE NEEDLE POINT) THREE-FOURTH DISTANCE FROM THE NEEDLE POINT
194.Which endoscope is used for the removal of foreign bodies from the airway of a pediatric patient?(FLEXIBLE ESOPHAGOSCOPE/ FLEXIBLE BONCHOSCOPE/ RIGID ESOPHAGOSCOPE/ RIGID BRONCHOSCOPE) RIGID BRONCHOSCOPE
195.Which of the following elements primarily makes up the body's mass?(OXYGEN,CARBON,MAGNESIUM,SODIUM/ OXYGEN,POTASSIUM,HYDROGEN,SULFUR/ OXYGEN,CARBON,HYDROGEN,NITROGEN/ OXYGEN,CARBON,PHOSPHORUS, MAGNESIUM) OXYGEN- CARBON-HYDROGEN-NITROGEN
196.Which instrument is used to contract the ribs for suturing purposes?(BAILEY/ SEMB/ METSON/ DOYEN) BAILEY
197.The largest muscle of the upper calf is the?(TIBIALIS/ PERONEUS/ GASTROCNEMIUS/ QUADRICEPS) GASTROCNEMIUS
198.What is the length of time when thrombin loses its potency?(30 MIN/ 60 MIN/ 2 HRS/ 3 HRS) 3 HOURS
199.The function of the small intestine is?(SYNTHESIS OF VITAMINS/ ABSORPTION OF NUTRIENTS/ PRODUCTION OF BACTERIA/ EXCRETION OF BILE) ABSORPTION OF NUTRIENTS
200.The teeth are composed primarily of?(DENTIN/ CEMENTUM/ ENAMEL/ PULP) DENTIN
201.The basis for the design of electrical equip. in the OR is?(ALTERNATING CURRENT/ ISOLATED CIRCUIT/ ELECTRON THEORY/ OHM'S LAW) ELECTRON THEORY
202.Which of the following procedures is performed to decrease gastric secretions?(PYLOROPLASTY/ VAGOTOMY/ BILLROTH I/ GASTROSTOMY) VAGOTOMY
203.A patient who underwent an appendectomy enters the emergency dept. with severe abdominal pain, constipation and vomiting.Which of the following is occurring?(CHOLECYSTITIS/ OBSTRUCTED BOWEL/ DIVERTICULITIS/ STRANGULATED HERNIA) OBSTRUCTED BOWEL
204.Which organ shares the same blood supply with the pancreas and must be removed during a whipple procedure?(KIDNEY/ DODENUM/ BLADDER/ SPLEEN) DUODENUM
205.During a cleft palate procedure,which equip. should the surgical tech. be prepared to set up quickly?(DRILL/ MICROSCOPE/ NERVE STIMULATOR/ SAW) DRILL
206.The muscle the flexes and supinates the forearm and covers the anterior portion of the upper arm is the?(FLEXOR RADIALIS/ BICEPS BRACHII/ BRACHIORADIALIS/ TERES MAJOR) BICEPS BRACHII
207.A surgeon tells a PT she has a terminal cancer but requires prophylactic surgery prevent a bowel obstruction & the patient replies, "This can't be happening to me."Which stage of grief is the patient displaying?(DENIAL/ DEPRESSION/ BARGAINING/ ANGER) DENIAL
208.What is the purpose of inserting a ureteral stent catheter?(MONITOR URINE OUTPUT/ BYPASS CALCULI OBSTRUCTION/ EXCISE CALCULI/ PREVENT POST-OP HEMORRHAGE) BYPASS CALCULI OBSTRUCTION
209.Which of the following is used to create the trough on the anterior glenoid rim during Bankart procedure?(PERIOSTEAL ELVATOR/ BONE CUTTING FORCEPS/ SHAVER WITH ABRADER TIP/ RECIPROCATING SAW) SHAVER WITH ABRADER TIP
210.Which of the following secretes hydrochloric acid?(PARIETAL CELLS/ SALIVARY GLANDS/ PANCREAS/ DUODENUM) PARIETAL CELLS
211.Which of the following pre-op diagnostic test would be administered to a patient with a brain injury?(EEG/ EMG/ SAO2/ TEE) EEG
212.Which of the following is a type of fenestrated drape?(INCISE/ THREE-QUARTER/ EXTREMITY/ SPLIT) EXTREMITY
213.The walls of the vagina are lined with?(FASCIA/ MUCOSA/ SEROSA/ PERITONEUM) MUCOSA
214.What type of scalpel uses ultrasonic energy to cut and coagulate tissue?(FULGURATION/ HEMOSTATIC/ HARMONIC/ PLASMA) HARMONIC
215.A Forgarty catheter is used during a/an?(GASTRECTOMY/ THORACOTOMY/EMBOLECTOMY/ CRANIOTOMY) EMBOLECTOMY
216.Which of the following positioning devices is needed when placing the patient in the supine position?(KIDNEY REST/ ELBOW PADS/ MAYFIELD HEADREST/ BEANBAG) ELBOW PADS
217.During a trabeculectomy, which two layers are incised at the beginning of the procedure?(CORNEA;IRIS/ PUPIL;LENS/ CONJUNCTIVA;TENON'S CAPSULE/ SCLERA;RETINA) CONJUNCTIVA; TENON'S CAPSULE
218.What instrument set should the surgical tech. have available in the OR when preparing for an inguinal herniorraphy?(RECTAL/ BOWEL/ VASCULAR/ BILLARY) BOWEL
219.Which of the following is used to obtain specimen during a bronchoschopy?(TEST TUBE/ SUCTION CONTAINER/ LUKENS TUBE/ 4X4 RAYTEC SPONGES) LUKEN TUBE
220.Which suture material would be used in the presence of infection?(POLYGLYCOLIC ACID/ SILK/ CHROMIC GUT/ STEEL) STEEL
221.Which surgical procedure uses the instrument shown below?{ picture on pg.65 looks like metz scissors}(VULVECTOMY/ MENISCECTOMY/ LAMINECTOMY/ BLEPHAROPLASTY) BLEPHAROPLASTY
222.Which surgical specialty most often uses the instrument shown below?{picture on pg.65 looks like a retractor}(GYNECOLOGIC/ GENITOURINARY/ MAXILLOFACIAL/ ORTHOPEDIC) GYNECOLOGIC
223.Which of the following hernias can result in necrosis of the viscera?(IRREDUCIBLE/ STRANGULATED/ FEMORAL/ SLIDING) STRANGULATED
224.When the surgeon makes a McBurney's incision, which muscle is encountered first and divided in the direction of its fibers?(TRANSVERSE ABDOMINIS/ RECTUS ABDOMINIS/ INTERNAL OBLIQUE/ EXTERNAL OBLIQUE EXTERNAL OBLIQUE
225.Which of the following maintains the position of the uterus?(SUSPENSORY LIGAMENT/ LEVATOR MUSCLE/ BROAD LIGAMENT/ PUBIC SYMPHYSIS) BROAD LIGAMENTS
226.Transverse colectomy is incised through which incision?(UPPER MIDLINE/ OBLIQUE/ PARAMEDIAN/ THORACABDOMINAL) UPPER MIDLINE
227.Which kind of uterine tissue can grow in abnormal locations including the ovaries, pelvic, peritoneum and small intestine?(PERIMETRIAL/ CERVICAL/ ENDOMETRIAL/ MYOMETRIAL) ENDOMETRIAL
228.Which pre-op diagnostic exam is quickly completed to confirm ectopic pregnancy?(COLOSCOPY/ FLUOROSCOPY/ ULTRASOUND/ MRI) ULTRASOUND
229.How would you position a patient with an intertrochanteric fracture?(LATERAL/ PRONE/ SUPINE/TRENDELENBURG) SUPINE
230.What position allows optimal exposure of the retroperitoneal area of the flank?(PRONE/ TRENDELENBURG/ SUPINE/ LATERAL) LATERAL
231.Which of the following is the correct sequence of instruments for placing a screw into bone? 1. DEPTH GUAGE 2. DRILL 3. SCREW DRIVER 4.TAP(2-1-4-3/ 1-2-4-3/ 4-1-2-3/ 2-4-1-3) 2-1-4-3 {2.DRILL/ 1.DEPTH GAUGE/ 4.TAP/ 3.SCREW DRIVER}
232.The removal of fibrous thickening of the visceral pleura is?(PERICARDIECTOMY/ POURDRAGE/ DECORTICATION/ SEGMENTECTOMY) DESCORTICATION
233.The only depolarizing muscle relaxant in clinical use is?(CISTRACURIUM{NIMBEX}/ VECURONIUM{NORCURON}/ ROCURONIUM{ZEMURON}/ SUCCINYLCHOLINE{ANECTINE}) SUCCINYLCHOLINE(ANECTINE)
234.What type of hernia involves a direct and indirect inguinal hernia?(REDUCIBLE/ UMBILICAL/ EPIGASTRIC/ PANTALOON) PANTALOON
235.How are the legs of the patient positioned for lateral position?(LOWER LEG STRAIGHT; UPPER LEG FLEXED/ LOWER LEG FLEXED; UPPER LEG STRAIGHT/ BOTH LEGS STRAIGHT/ BOTH LEGS FLEXED) LOWER LEG FLEXED; UPPER LEG STRAIGHT
236.The neuroglia of the nervous system?(PRODUCE CSF/ SUPPORT AND BIND/ CONDUCT IMPULSES/ INITIATE REFLEXES) SUPPORT AND BIND
237.The method of inhalation anesthesia that allows complete rebreathing of expired gases is?(MASK INHALATION/ CLOSED/ SEMI-CLOSED/ OPEN) CLOSED
238.Which member of the surgical team is responsible for protecting an unsplinted fracture during positioning?(CIRCULATOR/ SURGICAL TECH. PRECEPTOR/ SURGEON/ ANESTHESIA PROVIDER) SURGEON
239.What PPE should the surgical tech. don prior to the start of an extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy procedure?(FLUID PROOF APRON/ EYE PROTECTION/ NON-STERILE GLOVES/ LEAD APRON) LEAD APRON
240.Another name for tonsil suction is?(POOLE/ BARON/ FRAZIER/ YANKAUER) YANKAUER
241.Which muscles relax when a small pad is placed under a patient's head in the supine position?(CREMASTER/ DELTOID/ STRAP/ PYRAMIDAL) STRAP
242.When a medication or local anesthetic is passed 2 the surgeon, the ST should?(SHOW THE SURGEON THE MED. BOTTLE/ STATE HOW MUCH MEDS THE CIRCULATOR DISPENSED/ HAND THE SYRINGE 2 THE SURGEON W/ CAP ON THE NEEDLE FOR SAFETY /STATE NAME & DOSE OF MEDS) STATE THE NAME AND DOSAGE OF THE MEDICATION
243.A type of bone-holding forceps is?(DINGMAN/ LANGENBECK/ SMILLIE/ SLOCUM) DINGMAN
244.Which surgical procedure would use the instrument shown below?{ picture on pg. 69}(ENDARTERECTOMY/ THORACOSCOPY/ LOBECTOMY/ CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS) CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS
245.According to OSHA standards, protective eyewear of some form must be worn?(ONLY 4 KNOWN HIV & HBV CASES/ ONLY 4 CASESS WHEN EXCESSIVE BLEEDING IS EXPECTED/ ON ORTHOPEDIC CASES ONLY/ ON ALL CASES) ON ALL CASES
246.Which pathological condition of the small intestine could be misdiagnosed as acute appendicitis?(GASTRITIS/ CARCINOMA/ CROHN'S DIEASE/MECKEL'S DIVERTICULUM) MECKEL'S DIVERTICULUM
247.Which piece of equip. is required for administration of a Brier block?(PULSE OXIMETER/ PAIN CONTROL ANESTHESIA PUMP/ DOUBLE-CUFF TOURNIQUET/ ELECTROSURGICAL UNIT) DOUBLE-CUFF TOURNIQUET
248.Which subcategory of drug preparation is a combination of 2 liquids that CANNOT mix?(SOLUTION/ EMULSION/ SUSPENSION/ SEMISOLID) EMULSION
249.What is the average normal respiration rate for a children?(10-17/ 18-30/ 30-40/ 40-50) 18-30
250.The introduction of radiopaque contrast medium into an artery or vein is called a/an?(ULTRASONOGRAPHY/ ANGIOGRAPHY/ CHOLANGIOGRAPHY/ ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY) ANGIOGRAPHY
251.What anatomical structure must be approximated after a colectomy to prevent herniation of abdominal content? (OMENTUM/ PYLORUS/ MESENTERY/ JEJUNUM) MESENTERY
252.To prevent density, instrument seets should not exceed?(15LBS/ 20LBS/ 25LBS/ 10LBS) 25 LBS
253.When surgically treating hydrocephalus, where is the shunt placed?(THIRD VENTRICLE/ LATERAL/ AQUEDUCT OF SYLVIUS/ FORAMEN OF MONRO) LATERAL VENTRICLE
254.Which of the following is a type of uterine fibroid?(ENDOMETRIUM/ CYSTOCELE/ LEIOMYOMA/ RECTOCELE) LEIOMYOMA
255.The ureters enter the bladder medially?(AT THE DISTAL ASPECT/ AT THE SUPERIOR ASPECT/ FROM THE POSTERIOR ASPECT/ FROM THE ANTERIOR ASPECT) FROM THE POSTERIOR ASPECT
256.The pathogen that most often causes post-op surgical site infection is?(PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA/ ESCHERICHIA COLI/ CANDIDA ALBICANS/ STAPHYLOCCOCCUS AUREUS) STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
257. Which organ is the most frequently injured during a motor vehicle accident?( SPLEEN/ LIVER/ KIDNEY/ HEART) SPLEEN
258. Where would the surgical tech find pertinent information for "pulling" a case?(LAB REPORTS/ SURGICAL CONSENT/ PREFERENCE CARD/ HOSPITAL MEDICAL RECORDS) PREFERENCE CARD
259.Suture material that becomes encapsulated by fibrous tissue during the healing stage is?(MULTIFILAMENT/ FASCIA LATA/ LIGATURES/ NON-ABSORBABLE) NON-ABSORBABLE
260.If a metoplasty is being performed, the surgical tech should confirm a prosthesis is available for the?(EAR/ CHIN/ FOREHEAD/ NOSE) CHIN
261.Which of the following means cell "eating?(PHAGOCYTOSIS/ FILTRATION/ PINOCYTOSIS/ OSMOSIS) PHAGOCYTOSIS
262.Which nerve could be damaged when the patient is placed in Fowler's position?(ULNAR/ FEMORAL/ BRACHIAL/ SCIATIC) SCIATIC
263.What is the correct order for donning OR attire?{1. SCRUB SUIT-2.SHOE COVERS-3.HAIR COVER-4. MASK} (4-3-1-2/ 2-3-1-4/ 1-3-4-2/ 3-1-4-2) 3-1-4-2 (HAIR COVER-SRUB SUIT-MASK-SHOE COVERS)
264.The cranial nerve responsible for hearing and balance is the?(V/ VIII/ XI/ XII) VIII
265.Which of the following is NOT a hemostatic agent used in orthopedic surgery?( BONE WAX/ GELFOAM/ XEROFORM/ THROMBIN) XEROFORM
266.Which of the following is responsible for disseminated coagulation?( ENDOTOXIN/ EXOTOXIN/ NEUROTOXIN/ ENTEROTOXIN) ENDOTOXIN
267.The copper wire in the electrosurgical unit that allows the flow of free electrons is called the?( RESISTOR/ GROUND WIRE/ CONDUCTOR/ INSULATOR) CONDUCTOR
268.At the end of a procedure, the surgeon ask for the local anesthetic to inject intra-articular. Where is the surgeon injecting the local drug?( SUBCUTANEOUS/ DERMAL/ WITHIN JOINT/ INTRAVENOUS) WITHIN JOINT
269.Which pre-op diagnostic test is useful inn diabetic patients with small vessel arterial disease?(PLETHYSMOGRAPHY/ ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY/ CAPNOGRAPHY/ ISOTOPE SCANNING) PLETHYSMOGRAPHY
270.Which of the following is the most effective method for sterilizing items that can be damaged by steam sterilization?(PLASMA STERILIZATION/ ETHYLENE OXIDE/ GLUTARALDEHYDE/ PERACETIC ACID) ETHLENE OXIDE
271.The mandible articulates with which bone?(ETHMOID/ MAXILLAE/ TEMPORAL/ ZYGOMATIC) TEMPORAL
272.What could result from crossing the patient's arms across his/her chest in the supine position?(INTERFERENCE WITH CIRCULATION/ INTERFERENCE WITH RESPIRATION/ POST-OP DISCOMFORT/ PRESSURE ON THE MEDIAN NERVE) INTERFERENCE WITH RESPIRATION
273.Which of the following is INCORRECT when preparing a paper-plastic peel pack?(RING HANDLES OF CLAMPS ARE PLACED AT END/ INSTRUMENTS ARE HELD TOGETHER WITH AUTOCLAVE TAPE WITHIN THE PEEL PACK/ OPEN END OF PEEL PACK IS SEALED WITH AUTOCLAVE TAPE/ CONTINUE..(INNER PEEL PACK OF A DOUBLE PEEL PACK IS NOT SEALED) ANSWER IS=!!!!! INSTRUMENTS RE HELD TOGETHER WITH AUTOCLAVE TAPE WITHIN THE PEEL PACK!!!!!
274.Which of the following degrees in Celsius equals 98.6F?( 34/ 37/ 30/40) 37
275.When the ST is preparing surgical instruments for transport to the decontamination room, which statement is INCORRECT?( INSTRUMENTS WITH MULTIPLE PARTS SHOULD BE ASSEMBLED/ INSTRUMENTS WITH RATCHETS SHOULD BE UNRATCHETED/ .....CONTINUED ON ANS. PART (STRING INSTRUMENTS WITH RING HANDLES/ HEAVY INSTRUMENTS SHOULD BE PLACED ON TRAY BOTTOM ANSWER=!!! INSTRUMENTS WITH MULTIPLE PARTS SHOULD BE ASSEMBLED!!!!
276.If a short bone is being removed from the wrist due to arthritis, what is being removed?( CARPAL/ RIB/ TIBIA/ PATELLA) CARPAL
277. Which of the following heals by contraction, granulation, and connective tissue?(PRIMARY UNION/ DELAYED CLOSURE/ MATURATION/ PROLIFERATION) DELAYED CLOSURE
278.Before transporting instruments to the decontamination room, what should the ST complete?(CONFIRM INSTRU. ARE DRY/ PRESOAK INSTRU. IN DETERGENT SOLU./ WIPE OFF INSTRU. WITH TOWEL/ RISNSE INSTRU. WITH SALINE) PRESOAK INSTRUMENTS N DETERGENT SOLUTION
279.Which solution is BEST for presoaking instruments in the OR at the end of a procedure?(IODINE-BASED/ STERILE WATER/ ENZYME/ SALINE) ENZYME
280.A mesh that is contraindicated in the presence of infection is?( VICRYL/ STAINLESS STEEL/ PROLENE/ PTFE) PTFE
281.Which of the following provides additional protection to prevent contamination of a sterile package?(DUST COVER/ GREEN TOWEL/ NON-STERILE 3/4 SHEET/ MUSLIN WRAP) DUST COVER
282.The stripes on steam chemical indicators change to what color upon exposure to sterilization parameters?(BLACK/ RED/ YELLOW/ NO CHANGE) BLACK
283.For which fracture is the instrument shown below best used?{pic. on pg.75} ( SCAPULA/ RADIUS/ CALCANEUS/ FEMORAL) RADIUS
284.During a kidney transplant, the renal vein of the donor kidney is anastomosed to the?( SUPERIOR MESENTERIC VEIN/ EXTERNAL ILIAC VEIN/ INFERIOR VENA CAVA/ HEPATIC PORTAL VEIN) EXTERNAL ILIAC VEIN
285.Which procedure corrects testicular torsion?( MEATOPLASTY/ ORCHIOPEXY/ CYSTECOMY/ HYROCELECTOMY) ORCHIOPEXY
286.Which instrument is used to incise the tympanic membrane?( ALLIGATOR FORCEPS/ IRIS SCISSORS/ FARREL APPLICATOR/ MYRINGOTOMY KNIFE) MYRINGOTOMY KNIFE
287.An example of a non adherent inner layer dressing is?(XEROFORM/ ABD/ STOCKINETTE/ COBAN) XERFORM
288. To prevent cerebral aneurysm from rupturing, the surgeon will?( APPLY A SPECIALLY DESIGNED CLIP AT BASE OF ANEURYSM/ APPLY HEMOCLIPS ON THE FEEDER VEINS/ INCISE THE WALL OF THE ANEURYSM/ INSERT A GORE-TEX GRAFT) APPLY A SPECIALLY DESIGNED CLIIP AT THE BASE OF ANEURYSM
289.The ophthalmologist tells the ST to place 2 drops atropine sulfate OU. What does this mean?(BOTH EYES DILATED/ LEFT EYE IS TO BE DILATED/ BOTH EYES IRRIGATED POST-OP/ RIGHT EYE IS TO BE DILATED) BOTH EYES DILATED
290.If a PT requests to see a member of the clergy upon arrival to pre-op holding?(CALL FOR A CLERGY PERSON BEFORE THE ANESTHESIA IS ADMINISTERED/ REASSURE THE PT THAT HE/SHE WILL BE JUST FINE/ HAVE A CLERGY PERSON WAIT FOR THE PT IN THE RECOVERY ROOM/.. ...CONTINUED ( CHART THE REQUEST AND LEAVE IT TO THE FLOOR PERSONNEL) ANSWER=!!! CALL FOR A CLERGY BEFORE THE ANESTHESIA IS S ADMINISTERED!!!!
291.If cultures CANNOT be immediately transported from the surgery dept. to pathology,they should be?(PLACED IN AN INCUBATOR/ PLACED IN A REFRIGERATOR/ KEPT AT ROOM TEMP./ SUBMERGED IN MEDIA) PLACED IN A REFRIGERATOR
292.In terms of transmitting an infection, what is a fomite?(MICROORGANISM/ INANIMATE OBJECT/ PARASITE/ ACTIVE CARRIER) INANIMATE OBJECT
293.When positioning the PT 4 a C-section, where is the bolster placed & why?( R.SIDE;RELIEVE PRESSURE ON VENA CAVA/ L. SIDE; RELIEVE PRESSURE ON ABDOMINAL AORTA/ PELVIS; RELIEVE PRESSURE ON SCIATIC NERVE/ LUMBAR REGION; RELIEVE PRESSURE ON LUMBAR NERVE) RIGHT SIDE; RELIEVE PRESSURE ON VENA CAVA
294.The conducting fibers that extend from the AV node to the interventricular septum form the?( SA NODE/ BUNDLE OF HIS/ VAGUS BUNDLE/ LEFT BUNDLE BRANCH) BUNDLE OF HIS
295.Items that are impenetrable to X-rays are described as?(RADIO-TRANSPARENT/ RADIOACTIVE/ RADIORESISTANT/ RADIOPAQUE) RADIOPAQUE
296.During surgical rotation, the skills of a surgical technology student may be evaluated by the?(CERTIFIED NURSE ASSISTANT/ SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST PRECEPTOR/ DIRECTOR OF NURSING/ ANESTHESIA PROVIDER) SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST PRECEPTOR
297.During a TRAM procedure, which is used to identify and preserve the superior epigastric arteries?(C-ARM/ DOPPLER/ ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY/ ANGIOGRAPHY) DOPPLER
298.Which of the following should be accomplished when preparing an Esmarch bandage for sterilization?(FOLDED IN LAYER/ LAYER OF WEBRIL ROLLED WITH BANDAGE/ TIGHTLY ROLLED/ UNFOLDED MOUND WRAPPED IN GREEN TOWEL) LAYER OF WEBRIL ROLLED WITH BANDAGE
299.Which of the following is the correct order of the layers of the colon?{1.SEROSA/ 2.SUBMUCOSA/ 3. MUSCULARIS/ 4. MUCOSA} ( 3-1-4-2/ 1-2-4-3/4-2-3-1/ 2-4-1-3) 4-2-3-1 (MUSCOSA-SUBMUCOSA-MUSCULARIS-SEROSA
300.Air or fluid accumulation due to poorly approximated wound edges could result in?(EVISCERATION/ PROUD FLESH/ ISCHEMIA/ DEAD SPACE) DEAD SPACE
301.What is the first step of opening a small, sterile wrapped package when establishing the sterile field?(OPEN ALL FLAPS SIMULTANEOUSLY/ OPEN 1ST FLAP TOWARDS SELF/ OPEN 1ST FLAP AWAY FROM SELF/ OPEN SIDE FLAPS OPEN FIRST FLAP AWAY FROM SELF
302.Which surgical approach is often used for a craniotomy for aneurysm repair?(TEMPORAOLATERAL/ TRANSPHENOIDAL/ POSTERIOR FOSSA/ FRONTOTEMPORAL) FRONTOTEMPORAL
303.Which of the following forceps would be used during a splenectomy?(DOYEN/ RANDALL/ RIGHT ANGLE/ KOCHER) RIGHT ANGLE
304.A blood pH of 7.5 indicates?(KETOSIS/ NORMAL/ ALKALOSIS/ ACIDOSIS) ALKALOSIS
305.Which knife blade should be placed on the knife handle when preparing the Mayo stand for a knee arthroscopy?(#10/ #20/ #12/ #11) 11
306.What is the function of phagocytic white cells?(PROMOTE RIBOSOME FUNCTION/ ABSORB AND DIGEST FOOD PARTICLES/ ENGULF AND DESTROY BACTERIA/ ENCOURAGE CELL REJUVENATION) ENGULF AND DESTROY BACTERIA
307.A ST is talking with a PT in the PACU with arms folded & at a distance. This could be interpreted by the PT as?(ACTIVE LISTENING BY CST/ NEGATIVE/ CST IS OPEN-MINDED/ POSITIVE) NEGATIVE
308.Which of the following describes the action of histamine (H2 blockers)?(INCREASE BLOOD FLOW TO THE HEART/ PRODUCE SKELETAL MUSCLE RELAXATION/ REVERSE NARCOTIC EFFECT/ DECREASE GASTRIC VOLUME IN THE STOMACH) DECREASE GASTRIC VOLUME IN THE STOMACH
309.What decision should the OR team make when treating a minor who requires a blood transfusion,but is a Jehovah's Witness?(DONT GIVE TRANSF./ 2 PHYSICIANS SIGN CONSENT FOR TRANSF./ GIVE TRANSF./ OBTAIN COURT ORDER 2 GIVE TRANSF.) DO NOT GIVE TRANSFUSION
310. What does 'X' equal in the proportion 3:5=9:x?(10/ 15/ 20/ 25) 15
311.Which surgical procedure uses the instrument shown below?{pic on page 79} (THORACOTOMY/ ABDOMINAL HYSTERECTOMY/ TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY/ GASTRECTOMY) ABDOMINAL HYSTERECTOMYY
312.During a suprapubic prostatectomy,which needle holder may be used when reconstructing the bladder outlet?(HEANEY/ CRILE-WOOD/ RYDER/ MAYO-HEGAR) HEANEY
313.When performing a total knee arthroplasty, the surgeon removes the osteophytes from the rim of the femur and tibia with a?(LAMBOTTE/ SAW/ RASP/ KERRISON) KERISSON
314.Which suture technique provides and excellent cosmetic closure?(RETENTION/ REVERSE MATTRESS/ PURSE-STRING/ SUBCUTICULAR) SUBCUTICULAR
315.During a radical neck dissection with mandibulectomy,which bone is harvested for the graft?(TIBIA/ FIBULA/ ULNA/ PELVIC CREST) FIBULA
316.To prevent charring of bone when it is being cut or drilled, the ST should use?(IRRIGATION-ASPIRATION UNIT/ SYRINGE/ PULSE LAVAGE/ SUCTION IRRIGATOR) SUCTION IRRIGATOR
317.Pain,heat,redness and swelling indicate which of the following conditions?(INFLAMMATION/ NECROSIS/ SEPSIS/ INFECTION) INFLAMMATION
318.Which clamp is most often used to grasp the appendix?( DENNIS/ PEAN/ ALLIS/ BABCOCK) BABCOCK
319.The inner lining of the uterus is the?(PERINEUM/ ENDOMETRIUM/ MYOMETRIUM/ PERITONEUM) ENDOMETRIUM
320.Which type of dressing washes or wears off after several days?(STENT/ STERI-STRIPS/ COLLODIAN/ BIOCLUSIVE) COLLODIAN
321.A PT requires a stat c-section.Which of thee following might be omitted?(PROTECTIVE EYEWEAR/ COUNTS/ DONNING STERILE GOWN/ DRAPING ) COUNTS
322.Which of the following is the first action to be taken following a needle stick?(REPORT INCIDENT/ REMOVE NEEDLE FROM THE STERILE FIELD/ REMVE BOTH GLOVES IMMEDIATELY/ SCHEDULE BASELINE TESTING) REMOVE NEEDLE FROM THE STERILE FIELD
323.Which of the following drapes is used for a thyroidectomy?(APERTURE/ TRANSVERSE/ U-DRAPE/ INCISE) TRANSVERSE
324.Testosterone is secreted by the?(EPIDIDYMIS/ LEYDIG CELLS/ SOMATIC CELLS/ SEMINAL VESICLES) LEYDIG CELLS
325.When a surgeon is using a kocher subcostal incision, which muscle is divided b electrosurgery?(LINEA ALBA/ RECTUS ABDOMINUS/ TERES MAJOR/ PSOAS MAJOR) RECTUS ABDOMINUS
326.What are the boundaries of the skin prep for a total hip arthroplasty?(HIP REGION/ LEVEL OF UMBILICUS TO MID-THIGH/ LEVEL OF ILIAC CREST TO FOOT/ LEVEL OF UMBILICUS TO FOOT) LEVEL OF UMBILICUS TO FOOT)
327.Which of the following are abdominal skin prep perimeters for an exploratory laparotomy?(NIPPLE LINE TO UMBILICUS/ SHOULDERS TO UMBILICUS/ SHOULDERS TO MID-THIGH/ NIPPLE LINE TO MID-THIGH) NIPPLE LINE TO MID-THIGH
328.Which of the following is the main reason for wearing the OR attire?(CONTAIN BODY MOISTURE/ LIMIT SPREAD OF MICROBES/ PREVENT STRIKE-THROUGH/ PROVIDE COMFORTABLE ATTIRE) LIMIT SPREAD OF MICROBES
329.Which of the following substance are absorbed in the stomach?( ALCOHOL
330.A laparotomy drape is placed on the left side inguinal area of the PT, but should have been placed on the right side.What should be done to correct the error?(COVER DRAE WITH THE NEW DRAPE/ REMOVE DRAPE AND PLACE NEW DRAPE ON RIGHT SIDE/ CONT.... CONTINUED... (MOVE DRAPE TO THE RIGHT SIDE/ CUT OPENING IN DRAPE ON RIGHT SIDE) ANSWER=!!!! REMOVE DRAPE AND PLACE NEW DRAPE ON RIGHT SIDE!!!!
331.Which stapling device would be used during an esophagectomy to divide the esophagus?(SURGICLIP/ EEA/ GIA/ TA TA
332.Movement disorder diseases caused by radiation therapy are characterized by destruction of the?(MYELIN SHEATH/ NEUROFIBRILS/ NISSL BODIES/ GRAY MATTER) MYELIN SHEATH
333.During which procedure would a Gigli saw possible be used?(CRANIOTOMY/ LAMINECTOMY/ ACROMIOPLASTY/ BUNIONECTOMY CRANIOTOMY
334.A surgeon indicates that she may place a shunt during a carotid endarterectomy. What should the ST have available in the OR?(VENTRICULAR/ ANGIO-CATH/ JAVID/ FOGARTY) JAVID
335.What is the best synthetic substitute for stainless steel?(SURGICAL SILK/ POLYPROPYLENE/ CHROMIC GUT/ PTFE ) POLLYPROPYLENE
336.Which of the following microorganisms is used with in the biological indicator for ethylene oxide sterilization?(STEPTOCOCUS PNEUMONIAE/ PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA/ BACILLUS STEAROTHERMOPHILUS/ BACILLUS ATROPHAEUS) BACILLUS ATROPHAEUS
337.What does the suffix -ITIS mean?(INFLAMMATION/ OCCLUSION/ INCISION/ EXCISION) INFLAMMATION
338.To prevent peel pack pouches from opening during sterilization, the ST should?(FORCE OUT ARI FROM POUCH/ VERIFY CORRECT PLACEMENT OF ITEM INSIDE POUCH/ DOUBLE PEEL PACK ALL ITEMS/ CONFIRM TEMP OF STERILIZER IS NOT TO HIGH) FORCE OUT AIR FROM POUCH
339.Retention bridges are used to?(ALLOW FOR EASY REMOVAL OF SUTURES/ PREVENT HEAVY SUTURES FROM CUTTING INTO THE SKIN/ KEEP POST-OP DRAINS IN PLACE/ DESIGNATE SUTURES THAT ARE TO BE REMOVED FIRST) PREVENT HEAVY SUTURES FRROM CUTTING INTO THE SKIN
340.During a CABG procedure, the saphenous vein is sutured to the?(SUPERIOR VENA CAVA/ CORONARY ARTERY/ SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY/ BRACHIOCEPHALIC ARTERY) CORONARY ARTERY
341.Which of the following would be used to remove the lamina during a laminectomy?(KEY ELEVATOR/ LISTON BONE CUTTER/ PENFIELD DISSECTOR/ KERRISON RONGEUR) KERRISON RONGEUR
342.What category of instruments are a Hibbs and Hohmann?(HEMOSTATS/ RETRACTORS/ BONE-HOLDING/ PEERIOSTEAL ELEVATORS) RETRACTORS
343.Which drain should the ST have available for insertion into the Common bile duct during an exploration?(TENCKHOFF/ PEZZER/ T-TUBE/ ROBINSON) T-TUBE
344.A padded footboard is used in which surgical position?(LITHOTOMY/ REVERSE TRENDELENBURG/ TRENDELENBURG// KRASKE) REVERSE TRENDELENBURG
345.The inner lining of the gastrointestinal tract is composed of which type of tissue?(AREOLAR/ CONECTIVE/ MUSCLE/ EPITHELIAL) EPITHELIAL
346.Which of f the following statements is INCORRECT when double peel packing an item(s) for sterilization?(INNER PEEL IS STERILE/ HEAVY ITEMS SHOULD BE DOUBLE PEEL PACKED/ DO NOT BIND MULTIPLE ITEMS TOGETHER/ INNER PEEL PACK IS FOLDED) INNER PEEL PACK IS FOLDED
347.If a surgeon performs a surgical procedure without the PT having signed the consent form, the surgeon can be charged with?(BATTERY/ IATROGENIC INJURY/ LIABILITY/ NEGLIGENCE/) BATTERY
348.Spores are a?(TYPE OF PARASITE/ TYPE OF VIRUS/ FORM ASSUMED BY RICKETTSIA/ FORM ASSUMED BY BACILLI) FORM ASSUMED BY BACILLI
349.Which of the following applies to a PT who a suffers a burn due to improper placement of the PT return electrode?(UNITENTIONAL TORT/ RES IPPSA LOQUITUR/ INTENTIONAL INFLICTION/ DOCTRINE OF FORESEEABLILITY) UNINTENTIONAL TORT
350.Which graft material DOESNT require pre-clotting for plaacement furing and abdominal aortic aneursymectomy?(PTFE/ POLYESTER/ DACRON/ FASCIA LATA) PTFE
351.Which cranial nerve is affected by trigeminal neuralgia?(I/ V/ VI/ VII) V
352.What is used to lubricate the donor site and reduce friction from the dermatone?(BACITRACIN OINTMENT/ LODOPHOR SOLUTION/ PETROLATUM GEL/ MINERAL OIL) MINERAL OIL
353.Which of the following is an example of proper sterile technique when performing the prep for a split-thickness skin graft?(DONOR SITE FIRST/ RECIPIENT SITE FIRST/ DONOR SITE ONLY/ RECIPIENT SITE ONLY) DONOR SITTE FIRST
354.What is the recommended range of intra-abdominal pressure in an adult PT when using an insufflator during a laproscopic prodecure?(8-11MM HG/ 12-15 MM HG/16-19 MMHG/ 20-23 MM HG) 12-15 MM HG
355.Which off these terms refers to the inabilitiy to direct both eyes at the same object?(STRABISMUS/ CHALAZION/ GLAUCOMA/ CATARACT) STRABISMUS
356.What procedure is performed to correct chronic cerebrall ischemia?(RHIZOTOMY/ CRANIOPLASTY/ ARTERIOGRAPHY/ ENDARTECTOMY) ENDARTERETOMY
357.According to the Rule of Nines, what % is assigned to the front and back of the trunk?(27%/ 18%/ 4 1/2%/ 1%) 18%
358.Which term refers to an abnormal increase in the number of cell?(ATROPHY/ DYSPLASIA/ HYPERPLASIA/ HYPERTROPHY) HYPERPLASIA
359.A second intention wound heals by?(GRANULATION/ EVISCERATION/ PRIMARY UNION/ DELAYED SUTURING) GRANULATION
360.Intra-op ventricular arrhythmias are treated with?(LIDOCAINE/ DIGTOXIN/ PROSTIGMIN/ FUROSEMIDE) LIDOCAINE
361.How many milliliiters equal two(2) ounces?(40/ 50/ 60/ 70) 60
362.Covering a sterile backtable for later use is?(PERMISSIBLE FOR UP TO 1HR BEFORE THE PROCEDURE/ PERMISSIBLE IN INSTANCES OF AN EMERGENCY/ NOT PERMISSIBLE FOR TO 2HR BEFORE THE PROCEDURE/ NOT PERMISSIBLE UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCE) NOT PERMISSIBLE UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES
363.In which position would a PT be placed to counteract hypovolemia?(LEFT LATERAL/ RIGHT LATERAL/ TRENDELENBURG/ REVERSE TRENDELENBURG) TRENDELENBURG
364.Which of the following types of suture create the least tissue trauma and drag?(SWAGED MULTIFILAMENT/ SWAGED MONOFILAMENT/ THREADED MULTIFILAMENT/ THREADED MONOFILAMENT) SWAGED MONOFILAMENT
365.Which organization has legal oversight for the safety of healthcare providers in the work place?(EPA/ CDC/ OSHA/ NIOSH) OSHA
366.Which level of Malow's Hierarchy of needs is most applicable to the surgical PT?(ESTEEM & PRESTIGE/ LOVE & BELONING/ SAFETY& SECURITY/ PHYSIOLOGICAL & SURVIVAL) PHYSIOLOGICAL AND SURVIVAL
367.Which of the following would be INCORRECT techcnique when reemoving the sterile gown & gloves?(CIRCULATOR UNTIES GOWN/ GOWN REMOVED INSIDE OUT/ GLOVES REMOVED INSIDE OUT/ GLOVE REMOVED FIRST) GLOVES REMOVED FIRST
368.What type of procedure might require a laparoscopy combination drape?(PILONIDAL CYSTECTOMY/ SUBACROMIAL DECOMPRESSION/ ABDOMINOPERINEAL RESECTION/ FEMOROFEMORAL BYPASS) ABDOMINOPERINEAL RESECTION
369.Cell destruction by steam sterilization occurs by?(CELLULAR MEMBRANE DAMAGE/ INTERRUPT CELLULAR DIVISION/ ALTERING CELLULAR DNA/ COAGULATION OF PROTEIN) COAGULATION OF PROTEIN
370.Which technique is NOT acceptable when draping?(HOLD DA DRAPE 12IN ABOVE DA PT UNTIL OVER DA DRAPING SITE/ PROTECT GLOVED HAND BY CUFFING END OF DRAPE OVER IT/FOLD DRAPE BE4 BRINGING UP 2 DA OR TABLE/PLACE DRAPES ON DRY AREA WHEN SETTING UP BACKTABLE) UNFOLD DRAPE BEFORE BRINGING UP TO THE OR TABLE
371.A PT fingernail polish is removed to?(PREVENT SURGICAL WOUND INFECTION/ ALLOW TEMP TO BE RECORDED/ PREVENT ESU EXIT PATHWAY/ ALLOW FOR USE OF PULSE OXIMETER) ALLOW FOR USE OF PULSE OXIMETER
372.What is the purpose of maintaing the air exchange rate at 15-20 times per hour in the OR?(REDUCE MICROBIAL COUNT/ INCREASE HUMIDITY/ PROVIDE COMFORTABLE ENVIRONMENT/ DECREASE STATIC ELECTRICITY) REDUCE MICROBIAL COUNT
373.How many mL of water is necessary to inflate a 5 mL balloon on the Foley indwelling catheter?(5ML/ 10ML/ 15ML/ 20ML) 10ML
374.If an ophthalmologist orders trimming of eyelashes, how is it safely performed?(ELECTRIC TRIMMER USED ON DRY LASHES/ ELECTRIC TRIMMER USED ON WET LASHES/ FINE SCISSORS W/O WATER SOLUBLE GEL/ FINE SCISSORS COATED W/WATER SOLUBLE GEL) FINE SCISSORS COATED WITH WATER SOLUBLE GEL
375.What is the correct technique for performing the surgical skin prep?(INCISION SITE TO PERIPHERY USING CIRCULAR MOTION/ PERIPHERY 2 INCISION SITE USING CIRCULAR MOTION/ INCSION SITE TO PERIPHERY USING BACK & FORTH MOTION/ CONTINUED..... CONTINUED....(PERIPHERY TO INCISION SITE USING BACK AND FORTH MOTION) ANSWER=!!! INCISION SITE TO PERIPHERY USING CIRCULAR MOTION!!!
376.The lab test that determines the ratio of erythrocytes to whole blood is?(RERICULOCYTE COUNT/ DIFFERENTIAL COUNT/ HEMATOCRIT/ HEMOGLOBIN) HEMATOCRIT
377.What is the proper procedure to follow when a pack of sponges contains an incorrect number after the PT has entered the OR?(RECORD ACTUAL # AND USE/ HAND OFF THE STERILE FIELD AND ISOLATE/ PLACE ON STERILE BACKTABLE AND DO NOT USE/ REMOVE FROM THE OR) HAND OFF THE STERILE FIELD AND ISOLATE
378.Which of the following types of specimens would not be placed in a preservative solution?(COLON/ CALCULI/ TONSILS/ UTERUS) CALCULI
379.Where should the ST begin when performing closing counts?(BACKTABLE/ MAYO STAND/OFF THE FIELD/ OPERATIVE FIELD) OPERATIVE FIELD
380.Which of the following catheter tips is used in a PT with urethral stricture?(OLIVE/ COUDE/ WHISTLE/ MUSHROOM) COUDE
381.Which type of procedure would require a stent dressing?(NECK/ INGUINAL/ EXTREMITY/ ABDOMINAL) NECK
382.Which of the following is used in order to ensure preservation of the facial nerve during a parotidectomy?(MONOPOLAR CAUTERY/ NERVE STIMULATOR/ MICROSCOPE/ DOPPLER) NERVE STIMULATOR
383.Which of the following hemostatic agents is contraindicated for use in presence of infection?(TOPICAL THROMBIN/ OXIDIZED CELLULOSE/ ABSORBABLE GELATIN/ ABSORBABLE COLLAGEN) ABSORBABLE COLLAGEN
384.During closure of a nephrectomy in the later position, the OR table is straightened to facilitate?(PROPER CIRCULATION/ WOUND HEMOSTASIS/ ADEQUATE RESPIRATION/ TISSUE APPROXIMATION) TISSUE APPROXIMATION
385.Which of the following must be tested prior to the use of a fiberoptic bronchoscope?(LIGHT SOURCE/ LASER FIBER/ NITROGEN LEVEL/ MAGNIFICATION LENS) LIGHT SOURCE
386.Excision of a constricted segment of the aorta with reanastomosis is performed to correct?(PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS/ COARCTATION OF THE AORTA/ AORTIC ANEURYSM/ TRANSPOSITON OF THE GREAT VESSEL) COARCTATION OF THE AORTA
387.For which of the following diagnoses would a PT undergo endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography?(CHOLECYSTITIS/ CHOLEDOCHOLITHIASIS/ PANCREATITIS/ PANCREATOLITHIASIS) CHOLEDOCHOLITHIASIS
388.The high ligation of the gonadal veins of the testes performed to reduce venous plexus congestion is a/an?(SPERMATOCELECTOMY/ VARICOCELECTOMY/ EPIDIDYMECTOMY/ VASOVASOSTOMY) VARICOCELECTOMY
389.Trauma to which two of the following cranial nerves would result in the loss of smell and vision?(I AND II/ I AND III/ II AND III/ II AND IV) I AND II
390.Which of the following is performed for suspected ectopic pregnancy?(CULDOCENTESIS/ COLPOSCOPY/ CULDOTOMY/ COLPORRHAPHY) CULDOCENTESIS
391.Which of the following is a procedure for treatment of glaucoma?(VITRECTOMY/ IREDECTOMY/ ENUCLEATION/ KERATOPLASTY) IREDECTOMY
392.What procedure is performed to immobilize the jaw following a mandibular fracture?(ARCH BAR APPLICATION/ TMJ OSTEOTOMY/ LE FORT I/ LE FORT II) ARCH BAR APPLICATOR
393.Which of the following total arthroplasty procedures would require the post-op use of an abduction splint?(HIP/ KNEE/ ANKLE/ SHOULDER) HIP
394.Untreated acute otitis media may result in?(TONSILLITIS/ MASTOIDITIS/ ADENOIDITIS/ ETHMOIDITIS) MASTOIDITIS
395.Which of the following is used intra-op to assess vascular patency?(POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY/ MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING/ COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY/ DOPPLER ULTRASOUND) DOPPLER ULTRASOUND
396.The instrument shown below would be used during a?{pic on pg.100}(PAROTIDECTOMY/ TONSILLECTOMY/ RHYTIDECTOMY/ STAPEDECTOMY) TONSILLECTOMY
397.Which of the following is the body's primary source of energy?(CARBOHYDRATES/ VITAMINS/ PROTEINS/ FATS) CARBOHYDRATES
398.What is compressed during rapid-sequence induction and intubation?(HYOID/MANUBRIUM/ THYROID GLAND/CRICOID CARTILAGE) CRICOID CARTILAGE
399.What term refers to the spread of cancerous cells to other parts of the body?(IN-SITU/ IN-VIVO/ METASTASIS/ ENCAPSULATION) METASTASIS
400.The shared passageway for food and air is the?(TRACHEA/ LARYNX/ PHARYNX/ BRONCHUS) PHARYNX
401.The structure that lies along the posterior border of the testis is the?(PROSTATE/ EPIDIDYMIS/ TUNICA VAGINALIS/ EJACULATORY DUCT) EPIDIDYMIS
402.The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle is the?(BICUSPID/ TRICUSPID/ AORTIC SEMILUNAR/ PULMONARY SEMILUNAR) BICUSPID
403.Which characteristic describes an amphiarhtrosis?(HINGE/ IMMOBLILE/ SLIGHTLY MOVABLE/ FREELY MOVABLE) SLIGHTLY MOVABLE
404.What is the most abundant ion in the body?(CALCIUM/SODIUM/ POTASSIUM/ MAGNESIUM) CALCIUM
405.Which of the following is a method of bacterial survival when environmental conditions are not conductive to growth and viability?(CONJUGATION/ TRANSDUCTION/ SPORE FORMATION/ GENETIC MUTATION) SPORE FORMATION
406.What organ detects changes in the level of insulin and releases chemical to regulate the level of blood glucose?(LIVER/ STOMACH/ PANCREAS/ GALLBLADDER) PANCREAS
407.What does the term strike-through mean?(RUPTURE OF HEAT SEAL DURING STERILIZATION/ FAILURE OF BIOLOGICAL INDICATOR DURING STERILIZATION/ PERFORATION OF SHARP OBJECT THROUGH STERILE WRAPPER/ SOAKING OF MOISTURE FROM UNSTERILE TO STERILE LAYERS) SOAKING OF MOISTURE FROM UNSTERILE TO STERILE LAYERS
408.Which of the following monitoring devices would be used within a vessel?(ECG LEAD/ SWAN GANZ/ PULSE OXIMETER/ SPYGMOMANOMETER) SWAN GANZ
409.When adding 30mL of injectable saline to 30mL of 0.5% Marcaine, what strength does the drug become?(0.25%/ 0.5%/ 0.75%/ 1.0%) 0.25%
510.What action should be taken if the PT has withdrawn the surgical informed consent prior to surgery?(TRANSPORT PT TO OR; INFORM SURGEON/ DO NOT TRANSPORT PT; INFORM SURGEON/ DO NOT TRANSPORT PT; INFROM AP/ TRANSPORT PT TO OR; INFORM OR SUPERVISOR) DO NOT TRANSPORT; INFORM SURGEON
411.Confining and containing instruments with bioburden prevents which of the following?(FOMITE FORMATION/ PERSONNEL INJURY/ INSTRUMENT LOSS/ CROSS-CONTAMINATION) CROSS-CONTAMINATION
412.The unsterile size of the perimeter of a sterile wrap is?(1/2 INCH/ 1 INCH/ 2 INCH/ 3 INCH) 1 INCH
413.A substance that inhibits the growth and reproduction of microbes on living tissue is a/an?(ANTISEPTIC/ DISINFECTANT/ STERILANT/ SPORICIDAL) ANTISEPTIC
414.What action should be taken by the transporter if a discrepancy occurs in the identification of a PT in the nursing unit?(TRY TO LOCATE FAMILY MEMBERS TO VERIFIY PT IDENTITY/ TRANSPORT TO OR AND INFORM SURGEON OF DISCREPANCY/ CONTINUED.... CONTINUED....(INFORM UNIT CLERK OF DISCREPANCY AND RETURN TO OR/ DO NOT TRANSPORT; INFORM UNIT SUPERVISOR AND OR PERSONNEL) ANSWER=!!! DO NOT TRANSPORT; INFORM UNIT SUPERVISOR AND OR PERSONNEL
415.A PT may be asked to shower at home with an antimicrobial soap before coming to the hospital for surgery to?(ACHIEVE A CUMULATIVE ANTIMICORBIAL EFFECT/ DETERMINE IF THE PT IS ALLERGIC TO THE SOAP/ CONTINUED.... CONINUED... ( REUDUCE THE AMOUNT OF TIME FOR THE PRE-OP PREP/ LEAVE A VISABLE FILM SO THE PREP BORDERS WILL SHOW? ANSWER=!!! ACHIEVE A CUMULATIVE ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECT
416.What are the sequential steps performed prior to entrance into the sterile field?(GOWN-GLOVE-SCRUB/ GLOVE-SCRUB-GOWN/ SCRUB-GLOVE- GOWN/ SCRUB-GOWN-GLOVE_ SCRUB-GOWN-GLOVE
417.Which area is prepped last when performing the skin prep for a Bartholin's cystectomy?(ANUS/ MONS PUBIS/ VAGINA/ PERINEUM) ANUS
418.The sterile ST should drape a table from?(SIDE TO SIDE/ BACK TO FRONT/ FRONT TO BACK/ OPEN DRAPE, LAY IT DOWN) FRONT TO BACK
419.Which of the following can be injured in the arm is placed on the arm board greater than 90 degrees?(BRACHIAL PLEXUS/ CERVICAL PLEXUS/ ROTATOR CUFF/ ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT) BRACHIAL PLEXUS
420.What is the purpose of the third lumen in a three-way indwelling Foley catheter?(OBTAIN URINE SPECIMEN/ INSTILL IRRIGATION FLUIDS/ PROVIDE HEMOSTATSIS/ PREVENT URINE REFLUX) INSTILL IRRIGATION FLUIDS
421.Which of the following enlarges and illuminates the surgical field during cataract procedures?(FLUORESCENT OVERHEAD LIGHTS/ FIBEROPTIC HEADLAMPS/ OPERATING MICROSCOPE/ SURGICAL LOUPES) OPERATING MICROSCOPE
422.Small radiopaque surgical patties used during cranial procedures are?(RAYTECS/ KITNERS/ PLEDGETS/ COTTONOIDS) COTTONOIDS
423.Which of the following hemostatic agents must be applied dry and only handled with dry gloves and instruments?(OXYCEL/ AVITENE/ GELFOAM/ THROMBIN) AVITENE
424.Which surgical specialty would utilize a phacoemuisiffication machine?(NEUROSURGERY/ MAXILLOFACIAL/ OPHTHALMOLGY/ OTORHINOLARYNGOLGY) OPHTHALMOLOGY
425.Which of the following lasers would be contraindicated for use in the posterior chamber of the eye?(ARGON/ EXCIMER/ HO:YAG/ CARBON DIOXIDE) CARBON DIOXIDE
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