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Network Plus

Topologies, Cable Types, & Architectures

Define a network. A group of systems that are connected to allow the sharing of resources.
Name two aspects of setting up a network. 1. Hardware used to connect the systems together. 2. Software installed on the computers to allow communication.
The ______ also known as a client, which is just a basic computer running a client operating system, such Windows 7 or Linux. Workstation
The term ______ refers to any computer or device that is connected to a network and sends and receives information on that network. Host
What type of network spans multiple geographic locations and is typically made up of multiple LANs? Wide Area Network (WAN)
What type of network is confined to a single building, a home, or college campus? Local Area Network (LAN)
What type of network consist of two buildings within the same city? Metropolitan Arean Network (MAN)
Define a peer-to-peer network. In this network there is no dedicated server. All workstations are considered equal; any one of them can participate as the client or the server. This network is usually for a small office or home office network with strict budget.
What are some disadvantages of peer-to-peer networks? -Lack of centralized administration (each system must be configured for user accounts and security) -Network designed for fewer than 10 systems -Systems must have Microsoft client operating systems such as Windows XP Professional
What is the Microsoft term for a peer-to-peer network? Workgroup
Name some advantages of a client-server network. -Central point to set up permissions and data back ups - Stores a list of users who may use network resources and holds the resources.
Name some different roles a server can play on the network. o File and print servers o Application servers o Web servers o Directory servers
True or false? File and print servers were the original reason to have a network. True
Name some file and print server characteristics. o Large amounts of memory o Fast hard disks o Multiple central processing units (CPUs) o Fast input/output (I/O) buses o High-capacity tape drives o Fast network adapters o Redundant power supplies o Hot-swappable hard disks and power supplies o C
True or False? File and print servers check the access control list (ACL) before allowing a user access. True
Name some applications you might find on an application server. o Microsoft SQL server o Oracle o Microsoft Exchange Server o IBM Lotus Domino
What type of server runs Hypertext Transfer Protocol(HTTP) and is designed to publish information on the internet or the corporate intranet? Web Server
Can a server have numerous roles at the same time? Yes, a server can be a file and print server as well as an application server.
Name some resources shared on a network. file servers, printers,internet connection.
What are two aspects of setting up a network? 1. Hardware used to connect the systems (involves server and workstations also the medium that connects them). 2. Software installed on the computers to allow communication.
There are two categories of networks what are they? peer-to-peer and client-server(server based).
Name some operating systems that have built-in peer-to-peer networking capabilities? Windows XP abd Windows Vista.
What kind of server holds a list of the user accounts that are allowed to log on to the network? Directory servers.
Can a server hold numerous roles at the same time? Yes, a server can be a file and print server as well as an application server and so forth.
What are some protocols the internet uses? HTTP, FTP, and SMTP.
Explain an intranet. Intranet also uses HTTP and FTP however the applications are only available within the company.
Explain an extranet. Extranet is an extension of the company's intranet for use to selected business partners or customers. It cannot be used by anyone else external to the company except for those selected individuals.
What is a network architecture made up of? a topology, a cable type, and an access method.
Describe what a network topology is. It is the physical layout of computers, cables, and other components in a network.
Can a network be built using multiple topologies? Name the network topologies. Yes. The topologies are Bus, Star, Mesh, Ring, Hybrid, and Wireless.
What topology uses one cable as a main trunk to connect all of the systems together? Bus topology
True or False A cable is also called a trunk, a backbone, or a segment? True
Does a bus topology require additional hardware, such as a hub? No
What is a terminator used for? It absorbs the signal when the signal reaches the end, preventing signal bounce.
A break in the cable with the _______ topology will cause the entire network to fail. Bus
Name some advantages of a Bus topology. 1. Uses less cable than a star or mesh topology therefore it is cost effective. 2. Don't need any additional devices such as hubs. 3. Ease of installation. Simply connect the workstation to backbone. 4. If a computer fails the network stays functional.
Name some disadvantages of a Bus topology. 1. Difficulty troubleshooting it. 2. It is not scalable. 3. A break in the cable will cause the entire network to fail.
What is scalability? Being able to make changes easily within the size and layout of your network.
What are the first 6 steps in troubleshooting? 1. Identify the symptoms and potential causes. 2. Identify the affected area. 3. Establish what has changed. 4. Select the most probable cause. 5. Determine if escalation is necessary. 6. Create an action plan & solution, including potential effects.
What are the last 3 steps in troubleshooting? 7. Implement and test the solution. 8. Identify the results & effects of the solution. 9. Document the solution & entire process.
In a ____ topology, all computers are connected through one central device known as a hub or switch. Star
True or False In a star topology, a break in the cable causes only the workstation that is connected to the cable to go down, not the entire network? True
Which topology is the most popular in today's networking environments? Star
What are some advantages of a Star topology? 1. Scalability 2. A break in the cable affects only the workstation connected to that cable. 3. Easy to add or change configurations.
What are some disadvantages to a Star topology? 1. There is a central point of failure causing the entire network to come down (easier than finding a cable break in a Bus). 2. Cost more expensive than a Bus.
A _____ topology is not very common in computer networking today. Mesh
Explain a mesh topology. Every workstation is connected to every other workstation or component on the network.
Name some advantages of a mesh topology. Fault tolerance (biggest advantage). Which means a break in a cable segment will cause traffic to be rerouted through another pathway because there are multiple pathways to send data from one system to another.
Name a disadvantage of a mesh topology. 1. Cost for additional cabling an network interfaces. 2. Hard to manage and administer because of numerous connections.
A _____ topology connects all computers in a circle via a cable and there are no terminators. Signals travel in one direction and each computer regenerates the signal so that it may go the distance required. Ring
Name an advantage and some disadvantages of a ring topology. 1. Advantage: Very low signal degeneration 2. Disadvantage: If one computer fails or the cable link is broken it will cause the entire network to go down(new technology has a fix). Also a brief disconnection can interrupt or bring down the entire network
What is a hybrid topology? A mixture of topologies. An example is the popular star-bus topology in which a number of star topologies are connected by a central bus. The bus connects hubs that are spread out over distances.
What is another popular hybrid topology? Star-ring because it looks like a star but acts as a ring.
A _______ topology uses only a few cables and is made up of transmitters that broadcast the packets using radio frequencies. Wireless
In a wireless network, special transmitters are called what two names? 1. Cells 2. Wireless access points
In a wireless network, what must a PC and network devices have in order to receive broadcasts and transmit requested data back to the access point? Special transmitter-receiver
True or False The access point is connected to the physical network by a cable, which allows it, and any wireless clients, to communicate with systems on the wired network? True
Would it be possible to use a radio antenna for a wireless network? Yes, it allows one cell to cover a building and a surrounding area.
Why would you NOT use infrared communication in a wireless network? It is slow and requires a direct line of sight as well as close proximity. Infrared is mainly used for two systems.
Name some advantages of a Wireless topology besides easy troubleshooting. 1. Lack of cabling. 2. Requires only base backbone segments to connect the wireless cells to the wired network, if there is one. 3.PC and network devices need special transmitter-receiver network interface cards in order to communicate with the cell.
Name some disadvantages of a Wireless topology. 1. Greater chance of signal interference, blockage, and interception. 2. Noise (also lightning) can cause interference and static. 3. Blockage occurs in structures made of thick stone or metal which do no allow radio frequencies to pass through easily.
What are the two popular layouts for topologies? 1. Point-to-point 2. Point-to-multipoint
A point-to-point topology is also known as what? Host to host which is one system connected directly to another system. In the past, they would connect directly through serial ports with a null modem cable but today they connect using a crossover cable or a wireless connection.
Explain a point-to-multipoint topology. It uses a central device that connects all the devices. It is popular with wireless networks. When the central device sends data, it is received by all devices connected to it. If one device sends data then it is only received by the destination system.
What is a network segment? A cable length or multiple cable lengths that are uninterrupted by network connectivity devices, such as bridges and routers.
What is a backbone? The main cable segment or trunk in the network.
What is the purpose of a drop cable? They connect the workstations to the backbone.
What is another example of a backbone in a wireless communications network? A satellite linking geographically dispersed LANs making a WAN.
What is the medium for the transmission of data between hosts on the LANs. Cabling
What are the three primary types of cable media that can be used to connect systems to a network? 1. Coaxial 2. Twisted-pair 3. Fiber-optic cable
Transmission rates are measured in what? Millions of bits per second or megabits per second (Mbps).
Name the cable: One strand (a solid-core copper wire) runs down the middle of the cable. Around that strand is a layer of insulation, and covering that insulation is braided wire and metal foil, which shields against electromagnetic interference. Coaxial Cable which is more resistant to outside interference than other cabling.
What are the two types of coax cabling? Thinnet and thicknet.
What is the transfer rate of both thinnet and thicknet? 10 Mbps
Describe thinnet. It is RG-58 which is a flexible coaxial cable about a quarter-inch thick. Used for short distances. It connects to a workstations network adapter card using a British Naval Connector (BNC) and uses the network adapter card's internal transceiver.
What is the maximum cable length of thinnet? 185 meters.
Explain coaxial cable? It is also known as RG-8. It is half inch thick. It supports data transfers over longer distances. Usually used as a backbone to connect several smaller thinnet-based networks.
What is the maximum cable length of thicknet? 500 meter.
With thicknet, a transceiver is often connected directly to the thicknet cable using a connector known as a what? Vampire Tap.
Thicknet uses what type of connector to connect the NIC to the cable type? Attachment unit interface (AUI) port connector.
What is crosstalk? It is interference from adjacent wires which induce false signals in a wire.
Name the cable: Four pairs of wires that are twisted to help reduce crosstalk from outside electrical devices. Twisted pair cabling.
What are the two forms of twisted pair cabling? 1. Unshielded twisted pair (UTP). 2. Shielded twisted pair (STP).
What cable grades are used with home video devices such as TVs and VCRs? RG-59 and RG-6
What type of distances is RG-59 used for? Short distances
What type of distances is RG-6 used for? It is used for longer distances and is a more expensive coax.
In twisted-pair cabling, what are the twist for? To shield against electromagnetic interference.
The maximum distance of UTP is the same of an STP cable, what is it? 100 meters.
True or False Coaxial cable is more susceptible to interference than twisted-pair cable? False. Twisted pair cable should not be used in environments containing large electrical or electronic devices.
What is the CAT 5e transfer rates? Over 1000 Mbps or 1 gigabit per second (Gbps)
How many categories of UTP cabling are there? 8 categories. 1. CAT 1 is voice only. 2. CAT 2 - 6a are Data.
What is the transfer rate of CAT 2? 4 Mbps
What is the transfer rate of CAT 3? 10 Mbps
What is the transfer rate of CAT 4? 16 Mbps
What is the transfer rate of CAT 5? 100 Mbps
What is the transfer rate of CAT 6? 10 Gbps
What is the transfer rate of CAT 6a 10 Gbps
Name the difference between CAT 6 and CAT 6a? CAT 6 the maximum distance allowed is reduced when connected to 10 Gbps networks. CAT 6a can run at a maximum distance of 100 meters with 10 Gbps Networks due to reduced crosstalk measures built into the cabling.
With straight-through cables, CAT 5 UTP uses only 4 of the 8 wires when sending and receiving which ones are they? Wires 1,2,3, and 6. On the computer side wires 1&2 are TX and 3&6 are RX. On the hub or switch wires 1&2 are RX and 3&6 are TX.
Cross over cables are used for what? Connecting two like devices such as two computer systems without the use of a hub, from network card to network card. Connecting a switch to switch or a switch to a hub. Or connecting a router to a router. And connecting a router to a computer.
What wires would you change on a crossover cable? By switching wires 1&2 with wires 3&6 on one end of the cable.
T1 Crossover is used for what, and what wires are TX and RX? Used to connect to T1 interfaces. Wires 1&2 are RX pins and are switched with wires 4&5 which are TX pins at the opposite end of the cable.
There are two popular wiring standards today that use all 8 wires in UTP cable, what are they? 568A and 568B standards.
Which wiring standard is the most popular for CAT 5 and CAT 5e? 568B.
Name the color of each wire for both sides of the connector for a straight-through cable with the 568B wiring standard. Wire 1 is white-orange stripe Wire 2 is orange wire Wire 3 is white-green stripe Wire 4 is blue wire Wire 5 is white-blue stripe Wire 6 is green wire Wire 7 is white-brown stripe Wire 8 is brown wire
A rollover cable is also known as a what? console cable
What is rollover cable used for? Used to connect the computer's serial port to the console port of Cisco devices such as a router or a switch.
Shielded twisted-pair differs from UTP how? It uses a layer of insulation within the protective jacket, which helps maintain the quality of the signal.
How does fiber-optic cable work? Uses optical fibers to carry digital data signals in the form of modulated pulses of light. The core is an extremely thin cylinder of glass surrounded by a concentric layer of glass, known as the cladding.
Fiber-optic cable has two fibers per cable, what are they for? One to transmit and one to receive.
What else can the core and cladding be made of in a fiber-optic cable? The core can be made of an optical-quality clear plastic, and the cladding can be made up of gel that reflects signals back into the fiber to reduce signal loss.
What are the two types of fiber-optic cables? Single-mode fiber (SMF) and multimode fiber (MMF).
Explain single-mode fiber. Uses a single ray of light, known as a mode, to carry the transmission over long distances.
Explain multimode fiber? Uses multiple rays of light (modes) simultaneously, with each ray of light running at a different reflection angle to carry the transmission over short distances.
What is outside electrical noise? Outside electrical noise comes from light, motors, radio systems, and many other sources.
What is an advantage of fiber-optic? It is immune to crosstalk and outside electrical noise because it does not carry electrical signal instead it carries pulses of light.
What is the transfer rate for fiber-optic? 1 + Gbps
What is the maximum distance for fiber-optic cable? 2 kilometers.
Name two connectors that fiber-optic cables can use. 1. Straight-tip (ST) is based on the BNC-style connector, but has a fiber-optic cable instead of a copper cable. 2. Subscriber (SC) connector is square and somewhat similar to an RJ-45 connector.
What is a BNC-T connector used for? It is a coaxial connector used to connect coax cable from either side so that the cable length can continue on, while the third end of the connector tees out to have a cable length connect to the network card on the client machine.
If you use a BNC-T connector to connect your last system to the network how many ends will you need to terminate? One of the ends.
What does an RJ-45 barrel connector allow you to do? It contains two female connectors on both ends which allow you to join tow cable lengths together and reach greater distances, although not exceeding 100 meters.
What is an F-type connector? Is used by coax cabling and it is the connector style that connects to your TV.
What is a fiber local connector (LC) and mechanical transfer registered jack (MT-RJ) used for? They are fiber-optic connector types that are similar to the RJ and fiber SC shape. The fiber LC is preferred for communications exceeding 1Gbps due to its small form factor.
How many devices in a chain does a universal serial bus (USB) support? 127
How many USB standards are there and what are their transfer rates? There are 3 standards. 1. USB 1.1 transfer rate of 12 Mbps 2. USB 2.0 transfer rate of 480 Mbps 3. USB 3.0 transfer rate of approximately 3 Gbps
There are two standard USB connectors, what are they? 1. Type A connectors connect to the computer. 2. Type B connectors connect to the device.
What are the two firewire standards? First is 1394a with a transfer rate of 400 Mbps. Second is 1394b with a transfer rate of 800 Mbps.
IEEE 1394 is also known as what? FireWire
Explain IEEE 1394. Ultra-high-speed bus that supports 63 devices in the chain and is ideal for real time applications devices, such as for video.
What is RS-232 also known as? DB-9
What is DB-9? It is the standard connections using the serial port on a computer. It was a popular way to achieve Point-to-Point and was used for modems.
What is the transfer rate of RS-232? 20,000 bits per second.
What is BPL? Broadband over Powerline allows ISPs to supply high-speed internet to your home using the power lines connected to your house. It requires a special modem that connects to a power outlet then a cable connects to a computer or router.
Explain Ethernet over Powerline. Similar to BPL but instead you connect a computer to your network by connecting it to a power network adapter that is plugged into a power outlet. It will allow you to network with other systems through existing power lines.
Name some media converters that are used. Single-mode fiber to ethernet. Multimode fiber to ethernet. Fiber to coaxial. Single-mode to multimode fiber.
Bonding is also known as what? Channel bonding
What is bonding? A technology that allows you to join the bandwidth of multiple network cards installed in a single system or device to get better network performance or throughput.
What does MPLS stand for? Multiprotocol Label Switching
Explain Multiprotocol Label Switching MPLS. It is a technology that allows you to assign a label to data and the network device makes routing decisions based on the label and not by examining the header of the packet. This allows better throughput.
What is the purpose of an access method? It determines how a host will place data on the wire.
What are 3 major access methods? 1. CSMA/CD 2. CSMA/CA 3. Token passing
What does CSMA/CD stand for? Carrier sense multiple access with collision detection. It is one of the most popular access methods used today.
In which access method does every host have equal access and can place data on the wire when the wire is free? CSMA/CD
All ethernet environments use _______ as the access method? CSMA/CD
In CSMA/CD when two host send data down the wire because it is free and at the same time then the data will collide what happens next? Collision Detection will be detected and the data will retransmit with both host waiting a certain period of time in order to prevent another collision.
What does CSMA/CA stand for? Carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance.
How does CSMA/CA work? A host will "sense" if the wire is free of signals then will try to avoid a collision by sending a piece of "dummy" data. If no collision then it submits the real data on the wire.
How does Token passing work? An empty packet running around in the wire called a token must be at the host in order for the host to place data on it. There are less collisions in this access method.
What happens when the token is filled with data? The token is then marked by the host as being used. All other systems look at it but only the destined host will process it. The destination will then read it and then send it back to the sender as a confirmation (once received it is then unflagged).
What are the two techniques used to transmit the signal along the network wire? 1. Baseband Communication 2. Broadband Communication
What technique sends digital signals through the media as a single channel that uses the entire bandwidth of the media? Baseband
How is a signal delivered in baseband? As a pulse of electricity or light depending on the type of cable being used.
Baseband is __________ which allows the same channel to send and receive signals. bidirectional
Broadband sends information in the form of what? An analog signal, which flows as electromagnetic waves or optical waves.
In broadband each transmission is assigned a portion of the _______? Bandwidth, allowing multiple transmissions at the same time because each transmission is assigned its own channel or frequency.
In broadband communication two pathways are needed to send and receive data, so broadband is what? Unidirectional (in sending data, a frequency will be assigned then a separate frequency will be assigned for receiving either through the same cable or seperate cables).
Ethernet is defined as what standard? IEEE 802.3 standard.
What does 10BaseT mean when you break it down. 10 defines the transfer rate which is CAT 3. Base defines the baseband communication technique. The T is the type of cable used which in this case would be twisted pair. In twisted pair cabling CAT 3 has a transfer rate of 10Mbps.
What access method do all ethernet environments use to put data on the wire? CSMA/CD
Break down the meaning of 10Base2 The 10 represents the transfer rate of 10Mbps. The base represents the baseband transmission technique. The 2 implies 200 meters which is the max distance thinnet can approximately reach.
10Base2 is implemented on what topologies? Typically on a bus topology but it could be implemented on a mix of a bus and a star topology.
10Base2 and 10Base5 follow what rule? 5-4-3 rule.
What is the 5-4-3 rule? There can only be 5 network segments in total and joined by 4 repeaters but only 3 of those network segments can be populated with nodes.
In a 10Base2 ethernet architecture how many host are allowed per segment and what is the minimum distance in meters between hosts? 30 host per segment and 0.5 meters minimum distance between hosts.
What type of cable is used in a 10Base5 ethernet architecture? Thicknet
In a 10Base5 ethernet architecture how many host are allowed per segment and what is the minimum distance in meters between hosts? 100 hosts per segment and a minimum of 2.5 meter distance between hosts.
What type of topology does a 10BaseT ethernet architecture use? It uses a star topology with a hub or switch at the center.
What type of cabling is used in a 10BaseFL ethernet architecture? Fiber-optic cabling as the backbone to allow the network to reach greater distances.
The different Fast Ethernet flavors run at what transfer rate? 100Mbps
A transfer rate of 100 Mbps, a star topology, CSMA/CD as the access method, but different cabling are all characteristics of what? Fast Ethernet architecture.
100BaseX is known as what? Fast Ethernet
100BaseT and 100BaseFX are standards of what architecture? 100BaseX family (fast ethernet)
100BaseTX is also known as what? 100BaseT and uses 2 pairs which is four wires in the CAT 5 cabling.
100BaseT4 uses what cabling? UTP cabling and uses all four pairs (8 wires).
100BaseFX uses how many stands of fiber? 2 strands.
Gigabit ethernet has 2 standards, what are they? IEEE 802.3z and IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE 802.3z is also known as what? 1000BaseX (Gigabit Ethernet)
There are 3 types of Gigabit ethernet that fall under the standard IEEE 802.3z, what are they? 1000BaseSX, 1000BaseLX, and 1000BaseCX
Explain 1000BaseSX? Gigabit ethernet, it runs over 1000Mbps over MMF and designed for short distances of up to 550 meters.
Explain 1000BaseLX? Gigabit ethernet, it runs at 1000Mbps over SMF and supports distances up to 3 Kilometers.
Explain 1000BaseCX? Gigabit ethernet, it runs at 1000Mbps over coaxial cable and supports distances of up to 25 meters.
What is the IEEE 802.3ab standard also know as? 1000BaseT or 1000BaseTX
IEEE 802.3ab standard defines what? Gigabit ethernet that runs over twisted-pair cabling and uses characteristics of 1000BaseTX networking.
Name the characteristics that IEEE 802.3ab has? Uses RJ-45 connectors and CSMA/CD as the access method. Uses CAT 5e or CAT 6 UTP and runs over 4 pairs (all 8 wires).
10-Gigabit Ethernet include what architectures? 10GBaseSR, 10GBaseLR, 10GBaseER, and 10GBaseT
Explain 10GBaseSR. Runs at 10 Gbps uses "short-range" multimode fiber-optic with a maximum distance of 100 meters.
Explain 10GBaseLR. Runs at 10Gbps and uses "long-range" single-mode fiber optic with a maximum distance of 10 kilometers.
Explain 10GBaseER. Runs at 10 Gbps and uses "extra-long-range" single-mode fiber-optic cable with a maximum distance of 40 Kilometers.
Explain 10GBaseT. Runs at 10 Gbps using CAT 6 UTP with a maximum distance of 100 meters.
What does SONET stand for? Synchronous Optical Network.
Explain 10GBaseSW? A WAN version of a 10Gbps architecture for short-range using multimode fiber-optic with a max distance of 100 meters.
Explain 10GBaseLW? A WAN version of a 10Gbps architecture for long-range using single-mode fiber-optic with a max distance of 10 Kilometers.
Explain 10GBaseEW? A WAN version of a 10Gbps architecture for extended-range using single mode fiber-optic with a max distance of up to 40 kilometers.
In the token ring architecture it physically looks like a _____ but is wired logically as a ______. Star, Ring
Token Ring runs at what transfer rates? 4, 16, and 100 Mbps
Although Token ring has its own proprietary cables, Modern implementations of Token ring allow it to use what types of cables? CAT 3 or CAT 5 UTP
Token Ring is defined as what standard? IEEE 802.5
What does an MAU or MSAU stand for? Multistation access unit
What does FDDI stand for, and what does it do? Fiber distributed data interface is a network architecture that uses fiber-optic cabling, token passing, and a ring topology. It also uses two counter-rotating rings for fault tolerance.
Which protocol can be used to monitor network performance? SNMP
Windows Servers are developed from what platform? Virtual Memory System (VMS)
Name some built in services of Windows Server 2003 and 2008. File and print services. DNS and WINS services. DCHP services. Directory services.
DNS and WINS services allow what? To configure DNS and NetBIOS name resolution.
DHCP services allow what? To configure the server to assign IP addresses to clients on the network.
Directory services allow what? Build a central list of objects such as user accounts that may be used by clients on the network to log on.
Web services allow what? To build internet or corporate intranet sites that are hosted on the server.
E-mail services allow what? To configure the server to send e-mail using the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP).
Group policies services allow what? Deploy settings down to the client operating systems from a central point. Some types of settings are: folder redirection, file permissions, user rights, and installation of software.
Microsoft Server 2008 also has a "_________ core" installation option that does not include a GUI. Server
In Windows Server 2003, how would you install the servers role example, DNS, DHCP, or WINS? Add/Remove Programs and install which ever service you need.
In Windows Server 2008 you must use what in order to add the role to the system. Server Manager
What does OES stand for? Novell Open Enterprise Server.
OES has evolved into a powerful suite of services running on the what operating systems? Linux, Unix, and Windows.
Novell's directory service is called what? eDirectory
In Novell's Web services the internet and corporate intranet sites are hosted on a server called what? Apache web servers provide with the NetWare operating system.
OES supports what client operating systems? Windows 7, Windows Vista, & Windows XP Pro, to include Linux & MAC workstations as well.
Novell client software can be downloaded where? The Novell website @ download.novell.com
TRUE or False Microsoft operating systems come with a "Client for NetWare Networks", and it is recommended to install Novell's client to connect to Novell networks to ensure that you are getting the full benefit of the network environment. True
Objects organized in Novell eDirectory use the what tool? ConsoleOne tool
What are some features provided by eDirectory? Platform independence, DirXML, Partioning and replication.
UNIX/Linux developed by what company? Bell Labs
Unix is what? A popular operating system that provides powerful networking and database management.
What are the 3 key features that make Unix powerful? Multitasking, multiusers, and networking capabilities.
What does NIS stand for and what is it used for? Network Information Service and is a directory service used by Unix and Linux to store a central list of network objects.
Created by: linda.buck