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World lit exam

section A

QuestionAnswer
Kenning A specialized metaphor made of compound words; examples gas guzzler and headhunter are two modrenday kennings.
Alliteration is the repetition of sounds in words close to one another. example god mid geatum grendles daeda.
Epithet The addition of an adjective or phrase to a word or name used to express the characteristic of that person, thing, or idea. Examples include "Ivan the Terrible, "gray-eyed Athena."
Invocation is an opening to a story (Like the Odyssey or the Iliad) in which the teller of the story prays to one of the 9 muses (daughters of Zeus) to help them tell/sing the story.
Stock Epithet a descriptive word or phrase which an author regularly or standardly uses to describe an object or, more often, a person. Ex: swift footed achilles.
personification giving something a human-like quality or ability to something that is not human. Ex: The sun smiles upon the Earth.
Simile A simile is a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another of a different kind, as a description using the words like or as. (ex: like a rolling stone, as quick as a flash)
Consonance Consonance is the repetition of two or more times of a constant found not necessarily at the beginning of a word. It would be alliteration. Example: The ducks all quacked. ("ck")
Dactylic hexameter The short version of what dactylic hexameter means is that it is a line of poetry composed of 6 (hexa-) feet, each made up of dactyls.
Satire Satire is any piece of writing that uses devices such as irony, understatement, exaggeration and the like to attempt to correct human vice or folly. It is divided into the funny: Horatian and the contempful: Juvenalien.
Homeric Simile Homeric Similes, also known as Epic Similes, are elaborate comparisons between two different objects using like or as. ex:Her mind in torment, wheeling like some lion at bay
Foreshadowing technique that involves clues that a writer gives his/her readers about what will happen later on in a novel or in a short story
Assonance The repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds in neighboring words. Adjective: assonant.ex:If I bleat when I speak it's because I just got . . . fleeced."
Parody A parody is a work that closely mimics another work's style and manner for the purpose of ridicule; a spoof or take-off.
In medias res Latin, literally, into the midst of things
Metrical structure The pattern of periodically recurring strong and weak beats associated with the surface.
Flashback recalling of a previous event or happening to clarify a curent situation in a literary work
onomatopoeia is a word that imitates or suggests the source of the sound that it describes. ex:Common occurrences of onomatopoeias include animal noises, such as "oink" or "meow" or "roar".
Themes is the central topic, subject, or concept addressed in a story.
imagery Imagery in poetry is what the words of the poem make the reader 'see' in their imagination. it is the colors, sounds, and sometimes feelings evoked by the poem.
Metaphor are comparisons between two dissimilar thingsex:Life is a journey
irony Irony is a verbal or situational context involving outcomes that are either unexpected, unanticipated, or actually the opposite of what they should be.
Who wrote beowulf Burton Raffel
Who wrote the canterbury tales Geoffrey chaucer
Created by: travisdietrich