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Ch 6 Form. Assess.

Review of communication disorder vocab

QuestionAnswer
Speech Oral expression of language
Speech Disorder Characterized by difficulty producing sounds as well as disorders of voice quality
Language Disorder Characterized by difficulty receiving, understanding or formulating ideas and information
Receptive Language Disorder Characterized by difficulty receiving or understanding information
Expressive Language Disorder Characterized by difficulty forming ideas and information
Cleft Palate Condition that causes a split in the upper part of oral cavity or lip
Dialect language variation that a group of individuals uses; reflects shared regional, social or ethnic factors
Language Structured, shared, rule-governed symbolic system for communicating
Phonology Use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words
Phonemes Individual speech sounds
Morphology System that governs the structure of words
Morpheme Smallest meaningful unit of speech
Syntax Rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences
Semantics Meaning of what is expressed
Pragmatics Use of communication in contexts
Social Interaction Theories Emphasize that communication skills are learned through social interactions
Articulation Speaker's production of individual or sequenced sounds
Substitutions Articulation error that substitutes one letter for another (Ex: /d/ for /th/)
Omissions Articulation error that leaves a phoneme out of a word
Additions Articulation error when students place a vowel between two constants (Ex: tree into tahree)
Distortions Articulation error that modifies the production of a phoneme, Ex: lisps
Apraxia Motor speech disorder that affects the way a student plans to produce speech
Pitch Affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds, the health of the larynx, and the location of the larynx
Duration Length of time any speech sound requires
Intensity Loudness or softness; based on perception of the listener; determined by the air pressure coming from the lungs through the vocal folds
Resonance Perceived quality of someone's voice; determined by the way in which the tone coming from the vocal folds is modified by the spaces of the throat
Hypernasality Air is allowed to pass through the naval cavity on sounds other than m, n, and ng
Hyponasality Air cannot pass through the nose and passes through the mouth instead; sounds like the student has a cold
Fluency Rate and rhythm of speaking
Specific Language Impairment Impairment not related to any physical or intellectual disability
Organic Disorders Caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person
Functional Disorders No identifiable organic or neurological cause
Congenital Disorder Occurs at or before birth
Acquired Disorder Occurs well after birth
Oral Motor Exam Examination of the appearance, strength and range of motion of the lips, tongue, palate, teeth and jaw
Bilingual Uses 2 languages equally well
Bidialectal Uses two variations of a language
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) Instructional strategy that focuses on augmented input of language; communication partners augment their speech by activating the student's communication device
Created by: 16825734