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American Fact-Finder

notes from the The Great American History Fact-Finder

alliance of South American nations Argentina, Brazil, and Chile; participated at conference at Niagra Falls following Tampico Incident in 1914 ABC Powers
helped found SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference) ; became president in 1968 after King's assasination; led the "Poor People's March" Ralph Abernathy
1919 Supreme Court Case that upheld the constitutionality of the Sedition Act of 1918; made it a crime to speak out against the US Gov't or opposition to WWI; Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. dissented the decision Abrams v. United States
wrote Present at the Creation; My Years in the State Deparment; helped engineer NATO and Truman Doctrine; received 1964 Presidential Medal for Freedom and 1970 Pulitzer Prize Dean Acheson
1649 law enacted in Maryland guaranteeing religious freedom for Christians; included Protestants and Catholics but excluded Jews Act of Toleration
established the first college photography department at the San Francisco Art Institute; member of the Sierra Club Ansel Adams
represented the US in the Alabama Claims settlement Charles Francis Adams
wrote The Law of Civilization and Decay; New Empire; America's Economic Supremacy; famous historian Brooks Adams
won 1919 Pulitzer for The Education of Henry Adams; edited the North American Review Henry Adams
created in 1955 following merging; first president was George Meany (AFL) ; VP was Walter Reuther (CIO) AFL-CIO
1933 Law passed by congress in order to raice prices of crops and to restore purchasing power of American farmers ; was declared unconstitutional by 1936 case United States v. Butler Agricultural Adjustment Act
wrote Revelations; studied dance with Martha Graham, Weidman, and Doris Humphrey; founded the American Dance Theater in 1958 Alvin Ailey
1st plan for uniting the colonies; proposed by Benjamin Franklin;proposed federation of colonies with a representative grand council with power to tax, raise troops, and regulate Indian trade; Franklin made his point with "Join or Die" in Pennsyl. Gazette Albany Plan of Union
1st female secretary of State; appointed by Clinton in 1997; born in Prague, Czechoslovakia ; immigrated to US in 1948; went to Georgetown; wrote Madam Secretary; worked with Edmund Muskie Madeleine Albright
piloted Gemini 12 ; wrote Return to Earth; Buzz Aldrin
founded by both Madison and John Marshall; it was formed in order to return many blacks to Africa; land was purchased in present-day Liberia American Colonization Society
called Doughboys; led by General John Pershing ; sent in June 17 during WWI American Expeditionary Force (AEF)
civil rights organization formed in 1968 in Minneapolis to assist Indians for equal rights ; took over town of Wounded Knee, SD in 1973; also occupied Alcatraz American Indian Movement (AIM)
formed in 1919; was an association of American war veterans; is the worlds largest veteran's organization American Legion
advocated by Henry Clay in order to strengthen nationalism; called for a national bank, tarriff, and construction of roads and canals; occured during Monroe's administration American System
1841 Supreme court case; a Spanish slave ship was captured by U.S. brig Washington following a African slave mutiny; Quincy Adams supported the African's cause Amistad Case
British colonial governor of Dominion of New England; demanded Connecticut's charter which led to hiding of it in Charter Oak; appointed by James II Sir Edmund Andros
largest island in San Francisco Bay; also called Ellis Island of the West; became part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area in 1955 Angel Island
advocated the idea of US military air power in the mid 20th century along with General Billy Mitchell; 1st general in the Air Force Hap Arnold
was a customs collector in New York and was an ally of Roscoe Conkling; he vetoed the Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) and supported the Pendleton Act which created a civil commission to regulate hiring of government personnel; had White House renovated Chester Alan Arthur
led by Robert Henri; included John Sloan, William Glackens, George Luks, George Bellows, Ernest Lawson, Maurice Predergast; influenced by Thomas Eakins ; helped organize the Armory Show the Ashcan School
formed the American Fur Company; built trading post on Columbia River called Astoria- which was used by US to claim the Oregon Territory; supposedly became wealthiest man in the country John Jacob Astor
started in 1885 following the Cotton State Exposition; advocated by Booker T. Washington it embraced the "separate but equal" principle and urged segregration; dissented by W.E.B. Dubois Atlanta Compromise
set forth principles such as the right of self-determination of all peoples, right of freedom of seas, an intl system of security based on disarmament, abjuring of terretorial aggression by US and England; issued in 1941 by FDR and Churchill Atlantic Charter
federal agency established in 1946 to regulate use of atomic power in US; was terminated in 1974 with passage of Energy Reorganization Act creating two more commisions Atomic Energy Commision (AEC)
his masterpiece contained color engravings by Robert Havell; and he colloborated with Scottish naturalist William MacGillivray in the Ornithological Biography John James Audubon
wrote The Dog Beneath the Skin; On the Frontier; The Double Man; The Age of Anxiety W.H. Auden
1790 proposal by Alexander Hamilton that the federal government assume war debts incurred by the separate states and pay back; opposed by James Madison; Thomas Jefferson helped the bill pass as Congress appropriated 21.5 million dollars Assumption Plan
New York lawyer who helped form the ACLU; was director from 1920 - 1950; gained the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1981; removed Elizabeth Gurley Flynn from the ACLU board because she was supposedly a Communist Roger N. Baldwin
political conflict in 1909; in which the chief of the Interior Department's Division of Forestry accused the Secretary of Interior of abandoning conservational policies; led to Taft removing the accuser from office Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy
1891 dispute that arose when US detained ship with weapons intended for rebels in CHile; rebels in Chile attacked the namesake ship Baltimore Incident
served as Secretary of Navy under Polk and helped establish US Navy Academy at Annapolis; first notable US Historian who wrote History of the United States of America (1834) George Bancroft
this established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corportation Banking Act of 1933
the 1st VP to sit on the NSC; supported the New Deal; the oldest VP elected Alben W. Barkley
he made a fortune after he secured a seat on the NYSE; advised presidents from Wilson to Kennedy; was a member of the US Energy Commission and proposed in 1946 his namesake Plan; served as chairman of the War Industries Board during WWI Bernard Baruch
1942 battle in which the Japanese invaded the Phillippines and Luzon; this caused General Jonathan Wainwright to retreat to the namesake peninsula; after surrender the Japanese made prisoners march length of peninsula; liberated by MacArthur in 1945 Battle of Bataan
his books argue that economic interstes were the real reasons for the framing of the U.S. Constitution, the development of judicial review, and the rise of political parties; supported isolationism wife Mary; founded New School for Social Research in NY Charles A. Beard
this occurred following the seizure of Sonoma; was led by William Ide and later John C. Fremont in California Bear Flag Revolt
made sermons at Plymouth Congregrational Church; supported antislavery forces in Kansas; involved in the Tilton Divorce trial; sister of Harriet Beecher Stowe Henry Ward Beecher
scandal in which the secretary of War under Grant received bribes for employments in the Indian government servise Belknap Scandal
represented Tennessee in the House from 1827 - 1841; was speaker from 1834 - 1835; nominated by the Constitutional Union party in 1860 John Bell
founded the New Nation; influenced the Populist Party Edward Bellamy
painted Stag at Sharkey's ; Both Members of This Club ; Dempsey through the Ropes George Bellows
was an editor of the Missouri Enquirer; known as "Old Bullion"; elected as Democrat Senator from Missouri in 1821 Thomas Hart Benton
Created by: krazydragon