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Child Mass Lesions

QuestionAnswer
Mass lesions increase the mass of the ......? VF's and surrounding tissue
Mass lesions alter the ________________ of the VF's. shape
Mass lesions restrict ________________. mobility
Mass lesions change ________________. tension
Mass lesions modify the size and shape of ___________________ pathways. infra- or supraglottic pathway
Can occur at the same time depending on the different kinds of conditions? Changes caused by mass lesions
Obstruction or inflammation of the immature larynx laryngomalcia
Congenital, non syndromic condition associated with stridor, low-pitched flutter. laryngomalcia
Voice=stridor, low pitched flutter laryngomalcia
Structural defect of the larynx laryngeal web
Congenital, non-syndromic condition associated with hoarseness to aphonia, inhalators stridor, comprised airway laryngeal web
Voice= hoarseness to aphonia, inhalatory stridor, comprised airway laryngeal web
Arrested embryonic development Subglottic Stenosis
Narrowing of the subglottic pathway subglottic stenosis
Congenital structural defect associated with feeble cry to aphonic voice characteristics subglottic stenosis
Voice= feeble cry to aphonic subglottic stenosis
A rare developmental embryonic failure laryngotracheal cleft
Congenital non-syndromic condition associated with a weak to aphonic voice laryngotracheal cleft
Voice- weak to aphonic laryngotracheal cleft
lip on fusion lines (left side more common) most common cleft
The most common benign childhood tumor papilloma
Tumor of the epithelium and connective tissue papilloma
Reoccurring wart-like structures; viral in origin, likely acquired in birth canal papilloma
repeated surgeries may be required to remove them papilloma
Compromises the airway and creates damage and long-term voice abnormalities papilloma
Is there therapy for papilloma? No
What has been shown to improve papilloma condition? Age
Papilloma prefers the mucosa of the __________ _________. Vocal Folds
Voice= hoarse to aphonic, croupy cough, wheezing stridor papilloma
Cry of the Cat Cri du Chat
A congenital syndrome that has multiple associated birth defects including cognitive and growth deficiencies Cri du Chat
Voice= high pitched distressed cry, hyper nasality if cleft is present Cri du Chat
How many syndromes include cleft as a symptom? Approx 400
This occurs when a child has 3 #21 chromosomes where there should only be 2. Trisomy 21 (Down Syndrome)
What happens when there is an additional chromosome on the large chromosomes? death
Is Trisomy 21 a large or small chromosome? small
Mass lesions increase the mass of the ......? VF's and surrounding tissue
Mass lesions alter the ________________ of the VF's. shape
Mass lesions restrict ________________. mobility
Mass lesions change ________________. tension
Mass lesions modify the size and shape of ___________________ pathways. infra- or supraglottic pathway
Can occur at the same time depending on the different kinds of conditions? Changes caused by mass lesions
Obstruction or inflammation of the immature larynx laryngomalcia
Congenital, non syndromic condition associated with stridor, low-pitched flutter. laryngomalcia
Voice=stridor, low pitched flutter laryngomalcia
Structural defect of the larynx laryngeal web
Congenital, non-syndromic condition associated with hoarseness to aphonia, inhalators stridor, comprised airway laryngeal web
Voice= hoarseness to aphonia, inhalatory stridor, comprised airway laryngeal web
Arrested embryonic development Subglottic Stenosis
Narrowing of the subglottic pathway subglottic stenosis
Congenital structural defect associated with feeble cry to aphonic voice characteristics subglottic stenosis
Voice= feeble cry to aphonic subglottic stenosis
A rare developmental embryonic failure laryngotracheal cleft
Congenital non-syndromic condition associated with a weak to aphonic voice laryngotracheal cleft
Voice- weak to aphonic laryngotracheal cleft
lip on fusion lines (left side more common) most common cleft
The most common benign childhood tumor papilloma
Tumor of the epithelium and connective tissue papilloma
Reoccurring wart-like structures; viral in origin, likely acquired in birth canal papilloma
repeated surgeries may be required to remove them papilloma
Compromises the airway and creates damage and long-term voice abnormalities papilloma
Is there therapy for papilloma? No
What has been shown to improve papilloma condition? Age
Papilloma prefers the mucosa of the __________ _________. Vocal Folds
Voice= hoarse to aphonic, croupy cough, wheezing stridor papilloma
Cry of the Cat Cri du Chat
A congenital syndrome that has multiple associated birth defects including cognitive and growth deficiencies Cri du Chat
Voice= high pitched distressed cry, hyper nasality if cleft is present Cri du Chat
How many syndromes include cleft as a symptom? Approx 400
This occurs when a child has 3 #21 chromosomes where there should only be 2. Trisomy 21 (Down Syndrome)
What happens when there is an additional chromosome on the large chromosomes? death
Is Trisomy 21 a large or small chromosome? small
A congenital syndrome with multiple developmental delays and related voice problems d/t upper respiratory issues Down Syndrome
Voice= hoarse, low pitched, hypo nasality (lymphoid obstruction), hypernasality (cleft palate) Down Syndrome
Inflammation of the larynx due to viral or bacterial infection or irritation laryngitis
Any infection of the larynx in children characterized by difficult and noisy respiration and a hoarse cough Croup
Voice= hoarseness, barking cough, stridor Croup
Created by: sramsden