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Security+ Chap 5

Chapter 5 Host, Application, and Data Security

Access list A record or list of individuals who have permission to enter a secure area, the time that they entered, and the time they left the area.
Access log A log that can provide details regarding requests for specific files on a system.
Anti-spyware Software that helps prevent computers from becoming infected by different types of spyware.
Anti-virus (AV) Software that can examine a computer for any infections as well as monitor computer activity and scan new documents that might contain a virus.
Audit log A log that can track user authentication attempts.
Audit records Logs that are the second common type of security-related operating system logs.
Spam filtering software that analyzes the contents of every word in an e-mail and determines how frequently a word occurs in order to determine if it is spam. Bayesian filtering
A device that can be inserted into the security slot of a portable device and rotated so that the cable lock is secured to the device to prevent it from being stolen. Cable lock
Using video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific and limited set of receivers used for surveillance in areas that require security monitoring. Closed-circuit television (CCTV)
an attack that uses the user's Web browser settings to impersonate the user. Cross-site request forgery (XSRF)
A system that can identify critical data, monitor how it is being accessed, and protect it from unauthorized users. Data loss prevention (DLP)
A door lock that extends a solid metal bar into the door frame for extra security. Deadbolt lock
Faults in a program that occur while the application is running. Errors (exceptions)
Logs that can document any unsuccessful events and the most significant successful events. Event logs
Securing a restricted area by erecting a barrier. Fencing
Hardware or software that is designed to prevent malicious packets from entering or leaving computers. Firewall (packet filter)
A software testing technique that deliberately provides invalid, unexpected, or random data as inputs to a computer program. Fuzz testing (fuzzing)
Using the Global Positioning System to detect the location of a portable device. GPS tracking
Creating a virtualized environment to simulate the central processing unit (CPU) and memory of the computer to check for the presence of a virus. Heuristic detection
A firewall that runs as a program on a local system to protect it against attacks. Host-based software firewall
Software that addresses a specific customer situation and often may not be distributed outside that customer's organization. Hotfix
Verifying a user's input to an application. Input validation
A secure storage unit that can be used for storing portable devices. Locking cabinet
A record of events that occur. Log
A device that monitors and controls two interlocking doors to a small room (a vestibule), designed to separate secure and nonsecure areas. Mantrap
a general software security update intended to cover vulnerabilities that have been discovered. Patch
Either a program or a feature incorporated within a browser that stops pop-up advertisements from appearing. Pop-up blocker
a device that detects an emitted signal in order to identify the owner. Proximity reader
A technology that can remotely erase data from a portable device and reset it to its default factory settings. Remote wipe/sanitation
A ruggedized steel box with a lock. Safe
Logs that are considered the primary source of log data. Security logs
A document or series of documents that clearly defines the defense mechanisms an organization will employ to keep information secure. Security policy
Software that is a cumulative package of all security updates plus additional features. Service pack
A sequence of bytes (a string) found in the virus as a virus signature. Signature file
Using encryption to mask the content of voice communications. Voice encryption
Created by: 1592245141