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Poetic Terms Keating

Alliteration a literaty device that creates interest by recurence of initial constant sounds of different words with in the same sentence
Analogy a comparison between two things, or pairs of things, to reveal their similarieties
Apostrophe a literary device which consists of rhetorical pause or digression to address a person (distant or absent) directly
Conceit an unusual, elaborate or starling analogy; a poetic device that was common among the Metaphysical poets of the 17th century
Connotation a literary device: a suggested, implied or evocative meaning
Context anything beyond the specific words of a leterary work that may be relevant to the meaning of a literary work
Denotation a literary device. the author uses an explicit or literal meaning of a word in order to emphasize a specific, important fact
Diction the distinct vocabulary of a particular author
Concrete Diction refers to a use of words that are specific and "show" the reader a mental picture
Abstract Diction refers to words that are general and "tell" something, without a picture
Elegy a meditative poem in the classical tradition of certain Greek and Roman poems, which deals with more serious subjects (e.g. justice, fate, or providence)
Epic a long, grand, narritive (story-telling) poem about the brave, exemplary deeds of ancient heros. A "primary" epic the oldest type, based upon oral tradition; a "literary' epic is written down from the start
Firgurative Language descriptive language in which one thing is associated with another, through the use of similie, metaphore, or personification
Free Verse a type of poety that avoids the patterns of regualr rhyme or meter
Heroic Couplet one of the most common forms of English poetry. it consists of 2 rhymed lines of iambic pentameter that together express a complete thought
Hyperbole Exaggeration for effect
Imagery the use of words to create pictures
Irony using a word or situation to mean the opposite of its usual or literal meaning, usually done in humor, sarcasm or disdain
Verbal Irony when a character says one thing and means something else (Hamlet)
Dramatic Irony when an audience percieves something that a character in the literature does not know (Oedipus Rex)
Situational Irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite form what was intended, so the outcome is contrary to what was expected
Juxtaposition the arrangement of 2 or more ideas, characters, actions, settings, phrases, or words side-by-side or in similar narrative moments for the purpose of comparison, contrast, rhetorical effect, suspense, or character development
Metaphor a figure of speech in which one thing is equated with something else
Meter repeated patterns of stressed and unstressed sullables in poetry
Motif one of the key ideas or literary devices that supports the main theme of a literary work
Persona the speaker in a work of poetry; narrator
Onomatopoeia the use of words which sound like what they describe
Oxymoron a figure of speach that combines opposite qualities in a single term
Paradox a statement that appears to be contradictory, but which reaveals a deeper (or higher) truth
Personification attributing human qualities to inanimate objects, to animals, things, or ideas
Poetry a type of literature that emphasizes metaphor and other figures of speech in lines that are arranged for emotional effect, usually according to meter
Point of View the intellectual or emotional perspective held by a narrator or persona not to be confused with the author in connection with a story
First Person Participant spoken by one of the speaker/persona of the poem
Third Person Omniscient spoken not by a character, but by an impersonal persona who sees and know everything including characters' thoughts
Third Person Limited spoken by the persona, but he/she focuses on the thinking and actions of a particular character
Pun a humorous use of words that sound alike
Punctuation the distinctive use of punctuation by diffrent authors
Satire a literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing, the subject of the satiric attack
Setting the locale, time, and context in which the action of a literary work takes place
Simile a comparison of different things by speaking of them as "like" or "as" the same
Sonnet a fourteen-line lyric poem in predominantly iambic pentameter, with a formal rhyme scheme
Symbolism the use of words or objects to stand for or represent other things
Syntax an author's distinctive form of sentence construction
Theme an author's insight about life. it is the main idea or universal meaning, the lesson or message of a literary work. a theme may not always be explicit or easy to state, and different interpreters may disagree
Tone the writer's or persona's attitude, mood or moral outlook toward the subject and/or readers
Understatement a statement that says less than is really meant
Created by: 1232430417



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