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SPAA 270

QuestionAnswer
2 processes of communication Language and Speech
Process of communication Encoding, transmitting and decoding
Define speech Dynamic neuro-muscular process of producing speech sounds for communications
Define Language System of abstract symbols and rule-governed structures, the specific conventions of which are learned
Three major language components Form, content and use
Generally, what are form, content? The linguistic elements that connect sounds and symbols with meaning
Define Phonology Rules that govern sounds and their combination
Define Morphology Rules that govern the internal organization of words
Define Syntax Rules that specify how words should be ordered to produce a variety of sentence types
Content Maps the knowledge about objects, events, people and the relationship among them
Define Semantics The rules that deal with words, their meanings and the links that bind them
Define Pragmatics Rules that govern the reason(s) for communicating as well as the rules that govern the choice of codes to be used when communicating
Central Nervous system consists of what 2 parts of anatomy The Brain and the spinal chord
Define Neuron Basic structural unit of the nervous system by which impulses are received, transmitted and processed
What does the Axon do? It transmits information away from the cell body
What does a Dendrite do? It receives impulses from other cells and transmits to the cell body
What is the Synapse? The miniscule space between the axon and the dendrite
What are the 2 components that determines how a language changed Needs and Rules Governing
How has language changed in my lifetime? Technology, texting, abbreviations
Speech is the... Product of borrowed structures
What are the two "borrowed structures" that allow us to communicate? The Tongue and the Larynx
Respiration It provides power of speech
Phonation Voice generating portion of speech production
Resonation Process by which laryngeal tone is modified by nasal and oral cavity
Articulation Production of specific speech sounds by the lips, teeth and other oral structures
Breathing for life is: Involuntary and rhythmic
Breathing for speech: Increased control is needed and most of breathing process is devoted to exhalation
Primary purpose of larynx Protect trachea and lungs from food and other objects
Articulation is primarily involved with the production of: Consonants
Articulators include: Tongue, teeth, lips, alveolar ridge(hard palate), soft palate(velum)
Nervous systems include Central Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous System
Created by: kjritchie