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Hardware Basics 063

access options the availability of technology and/or computer usage to students in the classroom
computer system in reference to a computer and other support services that work together to receive information, process information based off of instructions user specifies and produce information into a usable format
central processing unit (CPU) where processing of information within the computer takes place.Located inside of the computer body
control unit receives and sends instruction signals to the entire computer system in order to tell it what to do
arithmetic logic unit (ALU) the sector of the CPU that does mathematical configurations required in various data processing programs
memory unit where information is stored
random access memory (RAM) a temporary memory designed to obtain new data. Only available when the computer is powered on.
read-only memory (ROM) permanent memory internally stored within the system. Used to store instructions installed by manufacturer. Inaccessible to users.
binary coding system (ASCII) a code consisting of various zeros and ones
bit a binary character that is the smallest piece of binary information
byte consists of eight bits and is represented by either one alphabetic or numeric character of information
megabytes, gigabytes, kilobytes measurements of how much can be stored in the computer memory
processor speed how quickly data moves in and out of the memory. Expressed in megahertz.
peripheral devices input information, produce information into a readable form for user, and/or store information for future reference.
input devices gives permission for computer to put data into the system
Created by: takirah_carter