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R ITSC1405 Terms

Hardware Physical computer components
Software Programs that tell the computer what to do
RAM Temporary workspace of the computer where data and programs are kept while they are worked on
Peripherals Any device, such as a keyboard, monitor, or printer, that is connected to and controlled by the CPU
CPU The central processing unit is the brain of the computer
Bit The smallest unit of information, expressed in binary numbers 0 and 1, that a computer can measure
Byte A unit of measurement that represents one character; comprised of 8 bits
Input Device A means to get information into RAM by communicating with the computer
Output Device Receives information from the CPU
Input Output Device Sends information to and receives information from the CPU
Booting the System The process of powering on a computer; executes the software that loads and starts the computer's operating system
RAM Random access memory or temporary memory
Bug An effort in software that causes the program to malfunction or to produce incorrect results
Command An instruction that is a program that the user keys in at the command line prompt
Cursor The location where a user can key in information
Data File A file that is usually composed of related data created by the user with an application program
Disk File A file that is stored on a disk
File Extension The last portion of a file name following the last period; usually describes the type of data in the file
File Name A label used to identify a file
File Specification The complete name of a file, including the file name and the file extension
Function Key Programmable keys on a keyboard; program dependent
LFN The long file name is a term to indicate that file names are no longer limited to the 8.3 character file names; cannot exceed 255 characters
Operating System A master control program or set of programs that manages the operation of all the parts of a computer
Program File A file containing an executable computer program
System Date The current date kept by the computer system
System Time The current time kept by the computer system
ToolTip A brief description of a button; activated by pausing the mouse pointer over a button
Created by: dhosterman