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Short Story Terms-ka


Antagonist Opposes the main character. Sometimes called a villain.
Characters Persons, animals, or things in a literary work.
Climax The point of greatest emotional interest, intensity, or suspense in a narrative.
Conflict A struggle between opposing forces.
Denouement Anything that happens after the resolution of a plot. Tying up of loose ends.
Exposition Basic information at the beginning of a story that includes character and background information essential to the story.
External Conflict Character struggles against an outside force: Man vs. Man; Man vs. Nature; Man vs. Society; Man vs. Supernatural; Man vs. Fate.
Falling Action All events leading to the resolution of the central conflict.
Flat Characters Characters who have only one or two "sides" representing only one or two personality.
Foreshadow The use or hints or clues in a narative to suggest what action is to come.
Genre Any divison or type of literature: poetry, prose, and drama.
Internal Conflict Character struggles against himself: Man vs. Himself.
Irony The general name given to literary techniques that involve surprising, interesting, or amusing contradictions.
Main Character Most important character in a literary work (protagonist).
Mood/Atmosphere The feeling that a literary work gives its readers; details of the setting are especially effective in establishing this.
Narrative Hook Introduces the central conflict.
Plot The sequence of related events in a literary work.
Plot Diagram Narrative Hook, Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Resolution, Denouement
Protagonist Sometimes called the main character of a piece of literature.
Resolution The final outcome of the central conflict.
Rising Action All events leading up to the climax.
Round Characters Characters who are complex and have many personality traits.
Setting The physical and sometimes historical background against which the action of a narrative takes place.
Short Story A brief work of fiction written in prose.
Symbol Anything that has a meaning of its own, yet stands for or represents something else.
Theme The basic meaning or main idea about life that an author wants the reader to understand.
Fiction Writing from the author's imagination rather than fact. Prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events.
Fantasy Highly imaginative writing that contains elements not found in real life.
Tone The attitude a writer takes toward his subject, characters, and readers.
Dialogue Conversation between two characters in a literary work.
Narrator Anyone who recounts a narrative, either in writing or orally. The author or teller of a story.
Point Of View The vantage point from which a narrative is told.
Flashback An interruption in the sequence of events to remember something of the past.
Allusion A reference to a well-known person,place, event, literary work, or work of art.
Characterization The personality a character displays. The means by which an author reveals personality, either directly or indirectly.
Denotation The literal or dictionary meaning of a word.
Diction A writer's choice of words, particularly for clarity, effectiveness, and precision.
Direct Characterization The author reveals directly the character and personality traits of a character by stating directly what he wants the reader to know.
Dynamic Characters Characters who experience some change in personality or attitude from the beginning to the end of a story.
Farce An exaggerated comedy that relies of improbable situations, physical humor, and broad.
First Person Point of View The reader sees and knows only what the narrator sees and knows. The narrator is limited to his own involvement or experience.
Foil A character who is contrasted with another and is a direct opposite, thus intensifying the impact of that other character.
Folk Tale A story composed orally and the passed from person to person by word of mouth.
Prose All forms of written or spoken expression without regular rhythm.
Static Characters Characters who remain the same throughout a story. They do not develop or change beyond the way they are presented.
Third Person Omniscient P.O.V The narrator can tell the reader everything about one character, including what will happen in the future.
Third Person P.O.V The narrator reveals the thoughts and feelings of just one character and does not know everything about every character.
Unreliable Narrator Leaves reader without guidelines essential in his fair judgement about the characters and their actions with any confidence that his conclusions are those intended by the author.
Aside Words spoken by a character in a play that are not intended for other characters on the stage to hear.
Epithet A word combination that describes and characterizes a person or thing in order to help the reader or listener recognize and remember the person or thing.
Hero/Heroine Character whose actions are inspiring or noble. Often heroes struggle to overcome foes or escape difficult situations.
Minor/Secondary Character Character who is not as important as the major or main character.
Stock/Stereotype Character Character that is easily recognizable by its predictable characteristics.
Verbal Irony Words use to suggest the opposite of their usual meaning.
In Media Res In the middle.
Invocation of the Muse To ask for inspiration and guidance from the 9 goddesses of art, science, and literature in telling the story.
Epic Simile Long, drawn out comparison.
Epic A long narrative poem about the adventures of gods or of a hero.
Myth A traditional story of unknown origins, usually with a historical basis, but serving to explain some phenomenon of nature, the origin of man, or the customs, institutions, religions, or rites of a people.
Oral Tradition The passing down of stories and legends from generation to generation order to preserve their existence before the written language.
Characteristics of an Epic Long, narrative poem that tells a story, The entire story tells the history of the hero's race and nation, Written in elevated style- formal language.
Characteristics of the Epic Hero Kingly- high born, shows pride in his own reputation, forceful leader, demonstrates courage, strength, and endurance.
Created by: karlaalvarez



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