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Hardware Basics 0605

QuestionAnswer
Binary Coding System (ASCII) Made up of a series of zeros and ones.
Access Options Technology in PK-12 schools vary from school to school across the nation, with typical classroom access being provided by one or more options.
Computer System Refers the computer and other support devices that work as a team.
Central Processing Unit(CPU) Where processing of information takes place.
Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) The sector of the CPU that performs mathematical calculations that are required in many data processing programs.
Control Unit Retrieves the instructions and sends command signals to the rest of the computer system to tell them what to do.
Memory Unit Allows storage of information, is internal to the computer, and is divided into two types of memory: RAM and ROM.
Random Access Memory (RAM) Temporary memory that is designed to hold new data and is only available while the computer is turned on.
Bit Smallest unit of binary information.
Byte Eight bits, which can represent one alphabetic or one numeric character of information.
Cache Provides a temporary storage area that provides a quick access to information.
Input Devices Allow the input of data into the computer.
Digital Cameras Cameras that are capable of inputting data into a computer instead of onto film.
Tablet Computers Complete computer systems in a slate format.
Monitor Size Measured diagonally from corner to corner.
Pixel A single colored square on the screen.
Resolution The clarity of the image that is seen on the computer screen.
Created by: smc24d