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Mid-term review 1

QuestionAnswer
The study of blood group antigens and antibodies immunohematology or blood banking
Pathogens that may be present in human blood and that may cause diseases in humans blood borne pathogens
A hematocrit preformed on a small amount of blood microhematocrit
Swelling of tissue around a vessel due to leakage of blood into the tissue hematoma
The form and structure of cells, tissues, and organs morphology
A determination of the relative numbers of each type of leukocyte in a stained blood smear differential count
The appearance on an antibody in the serum of an individual following exposure to an antigen seroconversion
Rapid increase in immunoglobulins following a second exposure to an antigen anamnestic response
The functional unit in the kidney is the nephron
The normal pH of urine 4.5 to 8.0 / 5.5 to 8.0
During chemical urinalysis ketones test for incomplete fat metabolism, acetone, acetoacetic acid, and beta-hydroxybutyric acid
During chemical urinalysis nitrates test for conversion of urinary nitrates to nitrites
During microscopic urine evaluation casts are seen low-power 10x to locate then high-power 40x to identify
During microscopic urine evaluation epithelial cells are identified high-power 40x
During chemical urinalysis glucose test for presence of glucose
The normal value for urine glucose is negative
During chemical urinalysis bilirubin test for hemoglobin breakdown
The normal value for urine bilirubin is negative
The normal value for urine nitrate is negative
The normal value for urine ketones is negative
What does urine pH analyze or determine degree of acidity or alkalinity of the urine
During chemical urinalysis what does blood test for hemoglobin and intact RBCs
What is the normal value of urine blood negative
During chemical urinalysis what does the leukocyte test detect presence of WBCs in urine
Abnormal urine chemical test would indicate what for nitrite UTI
Abnormal urine chemical test would indicate what for glucose diabetes
Abnormal urine chemical test would indicate what for leukocytes infection or inflammation
Abnormal urine chemical test would indicate what for blood infection, bleeding in kidneys, glomular damage, tumor, trauma to the urinary tract
Abnormal urine chemical test would indicate what for protein renal disease or UTI
Abnormal urine chemical test would indicate what for ketones uncontrolled diabetes, starvation, prolonged dieting or fasting
Abnormal urine chemical test would indicate what for bilirubin liver disease, bile duct obstruction, hepatitis
Abnormal urine chemical test would indicate what for urobilinogen hepatic or hemolytic disease
What does urine specific gravity reflect kidneys ability to concentrate urine
The cellular elements found in blood include RBCs (erythrocytes), WBCs (leukocytes), and platelets (thrombocytes)
The function and lifespan for erythrocytes is transport oxygen to the tissue and carbon dioxide to lungs/120days
The function and lifespan for platelets hemostasis / 10days
Five tests most commonly part of a CBC are RBC, WBC, and platelet count; hemoglobulin, hematocrit, and differential
The buffy coat contains WBCs (leukocytes) and platelets (thrombocytes)
The veins commonly used for veinipuncture median cubital, cephalic, and basilic
What is the most commonly used veinipuncture procedure for patients w/normal vascular systems evacuated tube method
The ESR test is an indicator of inflammation and or tissue injury
Medical conditions which increase the ESR result pregnancy, anemia, macrocytosis, inflammatory disease, cancer, TB, increased plasma fibrinogen & globulin, acute & chronic infections
Medical conditions which decrease the ESR sickled cells, polyerythremia, spherocytosis, microcytosis, and increased plasma velocity
Features of a good blood smear are cover 1/2 to 3/4 of slide, gradual from thick to thin, smooth appearance, no holes or ridges, & should have a feathered edge
Segmented neutrophil cell size 10-15mm, nucleus 2-5 coarse lobes, abundant pale pink to tan cytoplasm with small, lilac granular inclusion
Basophils cell size 10-15mm, difficult to see segmented nucleus, abundant pale pink to tan cytoplasm with coarse, blue-black granular inclusions
Eosinophil cell size 10-15mm, bilobed coarse nucleus, abundant pale pink to tan cytoplasm with coarse, orange-red granular inclusions
Monocyte cell size 12-20mm, horseshoe, folded or convoluted shaped nucleus, abundant gray-blue cytoplasm with ground glass appearing inclusions
Lymphocyte cell size 8-15mm, round oval smoothly stained velvety nucleus, scant blue cytoplasm with occasional red-purple granules
Band neutrophils cell size 10-15mm, sausage or u shaped coarse nucleus, abundant pale pink to tan cytoplasm with small lilac granular inclusions
Atypical lymphocyte (reactive) Large holly-leaf shaped nucleus with large blue cytoplasm
The study of blood & blood forming tissues hematology