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DSST Computers #1

QuestionAnswer
application software Program designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks.
Convergence Term used to refer to the trend of manufacturers offering computers and devices with technologies that overlap.
Blog Informal Web site consisting of time-stamped articles in a diary or journal format, usually listed in reverse chronological order.
computer literacy Having a current knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses. See also digital literacy.
camera phone Phone that can send picture messages.
Computer Electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory, that can accept data, process the data according to specified rules, produce results, and store the results for future use.
communications device Hardware component that enables a computer to send (transmit) and receive data, instructions, and information to and from one or more computers
CPU (central processing unit) Electronic component on a computer's motherboard that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate the computer. See also processor.
computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) Use of computers to assist with manufacturing processes such as fabrication and assembly.
Data Collection of unprocessed items, which can include text, numbers, images, audio, and video.
desktop computer Computer designed so the system unit, input devices, output devices, and any other devices fit entirely on or under a desk or table.
Developer or programmer Person who writes and modifies computer programs.
digital camera Mobile device that allows users to take pictures and stores the photographed images digitally, instead of on traditional film
digital literacy Having a current knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses. See also computer literacy.
enterprise computing Term large companies use to refer to the use of a huge network of computers that meets their diverse computing needs.
enterprise user Computer user working for a business that has hundreds or thousands of employees or customers that work in or do business with offices across a region, the country, or the world.
Execute Process of a computer carrying out the instructions in a program.
FAQ List that helps a user find answers to commonly asked questions.
game console Mobile computing device designed for single-player or multiplayer video games.
graphical user interface (GUI) Type of user interface that allows a user to interact with software using text, graphics, and visual images, such as icons.
green computing Practices that involve reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer.
handheld computer or Ultra-Mobile PC (UMPC) Computer small enough to fit in one hand.
Hardware Electric, electronic, and mechanical components contained in a computer.
home user User who spends time on a computer at home.
Information Processed data that conveys meaning and is useful to people.
information processing cycle Series of input, process, output, and storage activities performed by a computer.
input device Any hardware component that allows users to enter data and instructions into a computer.
Installing Process of setting up software to work with the computer, printer, and other hardware components.
instant message Real-time Internet communication where you exchange messages with other connected users.
Internet Worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals.
Mainframe Large, expensive, powerful computer that can handle hundreds or thousands of connected users simultaneously, storing tremendous amounts of data, instructions, and information.
Memory Electronic components in a computer that store instructions waiting to be executed and data needed by those instructions.
mobile computer Personal computer that a user can carry from place to place.
mobile device Computing device small enough for a user to hold in his or her hand.
mobile users Users who work on a computer while away from a main office, home office, or school.
Network Collection of computers and devices connected together, often wirelessly, via communications devices and transmission media, allowing computers to share resources.
notebook or laptop computer Portable, personal computer designed to fit on a user's lap.
Online Describes the state of a computer when it is connected to a network.
online banking Online connection to a bank's computer to access account balances, pay bills, and copy monthly transactions to a user's computer.
online investing Use of a computer to buy and sell stocks and bonds online, without using a broker.
online social network or social networking website Online community that encourages its members to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users.
operating system Set of programs that coordinates all the activities among computer hardware devices.
output device Any hardware component that conveys information to one or more people.
PDA or personal digital assistant Lightweight mobile device that provides personal information management functions such as a calendar, appointment book, address book, calculator, and notepad.
personal computer Computer that can perform all of its input, processing, output, and storage activities by itself and contains a processor, memory, one or more input and output devices, and storage devices.
picture message Photo or other image, sometimes along with sound and text, sent to or from a smart phone or other mobile device.
Podcast Recorded audio stored on a Web site that can be downloaded to a computer or a portable media player such as an iPod.
portable media player Mobile device on which you can store, organize, and play digital media.
power user User who requires the capabilities of a workstation or other powerful computer, typically working with multimedia applications and using industry-specific software.
Program or software Series of related instructions that tells a computer what task(s) to perform and how to perform them.
Run Process of using software.
server Computer that controls access to the hardware, software, and other resources on a network and provides a centralized storage area for programs, data, and information.
smart phone Internet-enabled telephone that usually also provides personal information management functions.
storage device Hardware used to record (write and/or read) items to and from storage media.
storage media The physical material on which a computer keeps data, instructions, and information.
Supercomputer Fastest, most powerful, and most expensive computer, capable of processing more than 135 trillion instructions in a single second.
system software Programs that control or maintain the operations of a computer and its device
system unit Case that contains the electronic components of a computer that are used to process data.
Tablet PC Special type of notebook computer that resembles a letter-sized slate, which allows a user to write on the screen using a digital pen.
Telecommuting Work arrangement in which employees work away from a company's standard workplace and often communicate with the office through the computer.
Telemedicine Form of long-distance health care where health-care professionals in separate locations conduct live conferences on the computer.
Telesurgery Surgery in which a surgeon performs an operation on a patient who is not located in the same physical room as the surgeon.
text message Short note, typically fewer than 300 characters, sent to or from a smart phone or other mobile device.
utility program Type of system software that allows a user to perform maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing a computer, its devices, or its programs.
video message Short video clip, usually about 30 seconds, sent to or from a smart phone or other mobile device.
video phone Phone that can send video messages.
Web or world wide web Worldwide collection of electronic documents called Web pages, this is one of the more popular services on the Internet.
Web 2.0 Term used to refer to Web sites that provide a means for users to share personal information, allow users to modify Web site content, and have application software built into the site for visitors to use.
Web application Web site that allows users to access and interact with software through a Web browser on any computer or device that is connected to the Internet.
Web page Electronic document on the Web, which can contain text, graphics, audio, and video and often has built-in connections to other documents, graphics, Web pages, or Web sites.
Web site Document on the Web that contains text, graphics, animation, audio, and video.
Created by: pinetreeacademy