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Graves Bug & Viruses

Viruses, Bugs, and Crashes

QuestionAnswer
An error or defect in software or hardware that causes a program to malfunction. Bug
A program or piece of code that is loaded onto your computer without your knowledge and that runs against your wishes. Virus
A program or code that makes the computer follow the wrong set of instructions. Virus
A program that can replicate itself over and over on a computer hard drive. Virus
A program or algorithm that replicates itself over a computer network. Worm
A program that performs malicious actions such as using up the computer's resources and possibly shutting the system down. Worm
The computer itself stops working or a program aborts unexpectedly when this occurs. Crash
Removing an item of data from a file or removing a file from a disk. Delete
Printed output or a piece of paper with data on it. Hard Copy
Restarting the computer by using a reset operation, usually Control – Alt – Delete (for PC computers). Warm Boot
Starting the computer by pressing the power button on the computer. Cold Boot
Non-real-time electronic text communication via the Web E-mail
A file (application or document) inserted with an e-mail. Attachment
A hacking technique used to fool a target into going to a fraudulent website that looks real, usually to get personal info. Phishing
A kind of virus meant to look like something a user would want to open, like a game or movie file, so that it can be active to run its code. Trojan Horse
Software that monitors the system for viruses by looking at irregularities in the system. Antivirus Software
Information stored as an organized series of bits so it can be recognized by computer software. File
A device that connects a computer to an electrical outlet and protects the computer against sudden increases in electrical power. Surge Protector
Another name for a computer program. Software that can be run on a computer that has a limited purpose or function. Application
Software that allows the parts of a computer or similar device to work together and that lets you operate it. Operating System
This kind of file can consist of text or graphics or both. It is dependent upon the application program for its creation. Document
Created by: EdwardgRM
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