Normal Size Small Size show me how
Civics Exam Review
|Where did the concept of citizenship begin?
|ancient Rome and Greece
|When U.S. citizens elect members of Congress, they are practicing..
|In a ________________ all citizens met to debate government matters and vote first hand. Example: Town Meeting
|People become citizens either by birth or _______________________ which is a legal process were foreigners can become citizens.
|Whose children would not automatically become U.S. citizens if born on American soil, but would be citizens of their parents home country only?
|Which government job could never be held by a naturalized citizen?
|Which document did England’s King John sign in 1215 granting landowners equal treatment under the law and trial by jury?
|Which region used the plantation system for farming, relying on slave labor?
|Which region depended on shipbuilding, fishing, and whaling for their economy?
|What was the name for the route taken by slaves from Africa to North America?
|What government, created by the Jamestown colonists marked the beginning of self-government in the American colonies?
|House of Burgesses
|Which conflict created the debt that American colonists were expected to repay to Great Britain during the 1760s?
|French and Indian
|What were the first battles of the Revolutionary War, known as the “shot heard ‘round the world”?
|Lexington and Concord
|Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
|Which English philosopher’s ideas about social contract theory and natural rights were used in the Declaration of Independence?
|What became the slogan of the colonists in response to the unfair Stamp Act. Colonists believed they should not be subject to taxes from a government in which they had no voice.
|"No Taxation Without Representation"
|Who published Common Sense, a pamphlet calling for complete independence from Great Britain?
|Which event led to the passage of the Coercive or Intolerable Acts, which restricted the colonists’ civil rights?
|Boston Tea Party
|Which farmer’s rebellion showed that we needed a stronger government than the one established by the Articles of Confederation?
|Why did delegates to the Constitutional Convention originally meet?
|to revise the Articles of Confederation
|Who was known as the “Father of the Constitution”? He created the Virginia Plan and was a main writer of the Federalist Papers?
|Who were supporters of the Constitution that wanted a strong central government?
|The Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution because it did not include a....
|bill of rights
|The Constitution would go into effect when __________ out of the original 13 states ratified it.
|What is needed for ratification of an amendment?
|approval of 3/4 of state legislatures
|Which proposed plan was similar to the Articles of Confederation, calling for a unicameral Congress with equal representation?
|New Jersey Plan
|powers of the national/federal government like declaring war
|powers shared between the state and national/federal government like taxation
|powers of the state government like regulating prisons
|The Necessary and Proper Clause allows Congress to stretch its powers to exercise...
|A population count taken every ten years. Using this information Congress will adjust the number of seats each state has in the House.
|An oddly shaped district designed to increase one group’s voting strength.
|Who would assume the presidency if both the president and vice president died?
|Congressional members right to send job-related mail without paying postage.
|government projects that primarily benefit a Congress member’s home state
|completely unrelated amendments to a bill
|A filibuster is ended when three-fifths of the members vote for _____________, allowing no one to speak for more than one hour.
|A president can kill legislation by doing nothing for 10 days while Congress is not in a session.
|What system is used to elect the president and vice president?
|How do we determine each state’s number of electors?
|number of Senators and Representatives
|Who chooses the president if no candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes (270)?
|Who is the only president to serve more than two terms in office?
|Who is the official leader of the Senate and votes in case of a tie?
|Who must approve presidential treaties and appointments to high-ranking positions?
|The most important job of the president is to carry out the the nation’s laws as...
|Who has power to declare war?
|An official representative of a country’s government. The U.S. will send them to another country only if the government of that country holds power legally.
|an agreement among a group of nations that prohibits them from trading with a target nation
|a group of presidential advisers that include the heads of 15 top-level executive departments
|What was the last cabinet office added in 2002 in response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks?
|Department of Homeland Security
|List the three levels of federal courts.
|District, Appeals & Supreme
|In which types of court do federal trials and lawsuits usually begin? The only federal court to use a trial by jury.
|A ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case.
|How long do Supreme Court justices serve?
|An appeals court can uphold the original decision; reverse the decision or _____________ the case, by sending it back to the lower court to be retried.
|Which Supreme Court decision established the principle of judicial review?
|Marbury v. Madison
|The U.S. has a ______________ system of government.
|In which type of election do voters choose a party’s candidates for the general election?
|a series of statements expressing the party’s principles, beliefs; the most reliable source of information for learning about the views of a political party
|What is the name of N.C. state legislature?
|Who chooses N.C. justices and judges?
|What does the lottery fund?
|Who does the governor control in his commander-in-chief role?
|Which court hears death penalty appeals in N.C.?
|Serious crimes and civil cases involving more than $10,000 are heard in which N.C. court?
|What was the first known system of written law?
|Code of Hammurabi
|serious crimes like murder, rape, or kidnapping
|less serious crimes like littering
|A person accused of a crime and found not guilty may not be tried for the same crime a second time.
|Juveniles receive many of the same rights as adults, EXCEPT..
|no trial by jury
|What is the main goal of the juvenile justice system?
|What are the qualification required by the Constitution for becoming president of the United States?
|at least 35, resident of U.S. for 14yrs, and a native born citizen
|Which Supreme Court case requires police officers to read suspects their rights when they are arrested?
|Miranda v. Arizonia
|Which Supreme Court case guarantees suspects a right to a court appointed lawyer in criminal cases?
|Gideon v. Wainwright
|Under which economic system would the factors of production most likely be owned by the government?
|Which economic system would describe the United States?
|Expenses that remain the same each month like mortgage payments.
|An assembly line worker in a plant is an example of which factor of production?
|Computers man-made materials would be which factor of production?
|What are the three esential questions each society must answer about production?
|What, How, and For Whom
|What two things cause scarcity?
|Unlimited Wants and Limited Resources
|the cost of the next best use of your time or money when you choose to do one thing rather than another
|What economic model best represents the factor and product markets?
|When real GDP is calculated the output of different years is priced at ______________ levels. This is used as a point of reference for comparison.
|Which sector of the economy buys the greatest percentage of final goods as measured by the Gross Domestic Product?
|What are the three basic needs?
|food/water, clothing, and shelter
|The study of how people make decisions with limited resources.
|The cost of producing one additional or extra unit.
|What business strategy is demonstrated when the factory supervisor breaks a large job into small, separate tasks?
|Division of Labor
|Which inventor developed the assembly line to more efficiently produce his Model T?
|Which factor of production represents an individual who starts a new business or introduces a new product?
|Which branch of economics examines the small picture such as an individual?
|Setting a minimum price that can be charged for a good or service such as minimum wage.
|According to the ____________________as price increases quantity wanted by the consumer decreases.
|Law of Demand
|If people have less money, and are willing to buy fewer items then the demand curve
|to the left
|A _______________ indicates that the price is too high.
|A the point of _________________ supply=demand.
|When economic activity is strong with businesses working and selling at full capacity; highest point in business cycle.
|Changes in government spending or tax policies is _____________ policy.
|__________ policy involves controlling the supply of money and cost of credit according to the needs of the economy.
|What is the central bank of the U.S.?
|Banks and credit cards make money by charging _______________ on money loaned.
|Which term refers to taxes on gasoline, tobacco or alcohol?
|What is the federal government’s largest source of revenue?
|What is the county government’s largest source of revenue? It’s used to fund schools.
|Which program pays some health care costs of elderly people?
|Which government program provides money to people who are retired or disabled?
|What occurs when a government spends more than it collects in revenue?
|Which Supreme Court case upheld a student’s first amendment rights to freedom of speech by allowing black armbands to protest the Vietnam War?
|Tinker v. DesMoines
|Which court case decided that “separate but equal” was unconstitutional, and desegregated public schools?
|Brown v. Board
|Which amendment granted suffrage to women?
|Which amendment abolished slavery?
|Which event helped promote interest in the 26th Amendment to lower the voting age to 18?
|Vietnam War (draft)
|What 5 Freedoms are protected by the First Amendment?
|Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition, and Speech
|Which Amendment granteed D.C. three electors to vote for the president and vice president?