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chapter 8 part 2

QuestionAnswer
eSATA A standard for external drives based on SATA that uses a special external shielded SATA cable up to 2 meters long. eSATA is up to six times faster than USB or FireWire.
FAT12 The 12-bit wide, one-column file allocation table for a floppy disk, containing information about how each cluster or file allocation unit on the disk is currently used.
file allocation unit One or more sectors that constitute the smallest unit of space on a disk for storing data (also referred to as a file allocation unit). Files are written to a disk as groups of whole clusters.
floppy disk drive A drive that can hold either a 5 inch or 3 inch floppy disk. Also called floppy drive.
hard drive controller the firmware that controls access to a hard drive contained on a circuit board mounted on or inside the hard drive housing.
head The top or bottom surface of one platter on a hard drive. Each platter has two heads.
high-level formatting Formatting performed by the Windows Format program (for example, FORMAT C:/S), the Windows installation program, or the Disk Management utility.
host adapter The circuit board that controls a SCSI bus supporting as many as seven or fifteen separate devices. The host adapter controls communication between the SCSI bus and the PC.
IDE A hard drive whose disk controller is integrated into the drive, eliminating the need for a controller cable and thus increasing speed, as well as reducing price. See also EIDE.
logical unit number A number assigned to a logical device (such as a tray in a CD changer) that is part of a physical SCSI device, which is assigned a SCSI ID.
 

 



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