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matt schultice ch 8

Pg 357 Flash Drives

QuestionAnswer
A drive that can hold either a 5 inch or 3 inch floppy disk. Also called floppy drive. floppy disk drive (FDD)
The top or bottom surface of one platter on a hard drive. Each platter has two heads. head
A number assigned to a logical device (such as a tray in a CD changer) that is part of a physical SCSI device, which is assigned a SCSI ID. Logical Unit Number (LUN)
A hard drive whose disk controller is integrated into the drive, eliminating the need for a controller cable and thus increasing speed, as well as reducing price. See also EIDE. IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics or Integrated Device Electronics)
An IDE cable that is narrower and has fewer pins than the parallel IDE 80-conductor cable. serial ATA cable
The circuit board that controls a SCSI bus supporting as many as seven or fifteen separate devices. The host adapter controls communication between the SCSI bus and the PC. host adapter
The resistor added at the end of a SCSI chain to dampen the voltage at the end of the chain. terminating resistor
A fast interface between a host adapter and the CPU that can daisy chain as many as 7 or 15 devices on a single bus. SCSI (Small Computer System Interface)
A feature of system BIOS and hard drives that automatically identifies and configures a new drive in BIOS setup. autodetection
The first sector of a floppy disk or hard drive volume; it contains information about the disk or volume. On a hard drive, if the boot record is in the active partition, then it can be used to boot the OS. Also called boot sector. boot record
The main secondary storage device of a PC. Two technologies are currently used by hard drives: magnetic and solid state. Also called a hard disk drive (HDD). hard drive
One or more sectors that constitute the smallest unit of space on a disk for storing data (also referred to as a file allocation unit). Files are written to a disk as groups of whole clusters. cluster
A SCSI standard that allows for more than 15 devices on a single SCSI chain, uses smaller, longer, round cables, and uses smaller hard drive form factors that can support larger capacities than earlier versions of SCSI. serial attached SCSI (SAS)
A male 9-pin or 25-pin port on a computer system used by slower I/O devices such as a mouse or modem. Data travels serially, one bit at a time, through the port. serial port
An older IDE cabling method that uses a 40-pin flat or round data cable or an 80- conductor cable and a 40-pin IDE connector. parallel ATA (PATA)
Created by: mschultice